Difference between revisions of "File Format Identification"

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* [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p14-calhoun.pdf Predicting the Types of File Fragments], William Calhoun, Drue Coles, DFRWS 2008 [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p14-calhoun_pres.pdf [slides]]
 
* [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p14-calhoun.pdf Predicting the Types of File Fragments], William Calhoun, Drue Coles, DFRWS 2008 [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p14-calhoun_pres.pdf [slides]]
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* [http://www.micsymposium.org/mics_2005/papers/paper7.pdf File Type Detection Technology], Douglas J. Hickok, Daine Richard Lesniak, Michael C. Rowe, 2005 Midwest Instruction and Computing Symposium.
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* Karresand and Shahmehri, 2006 Martin Karresand and Nahid Shahmehri, Oscar – file type identification of binary data in disk clusters and RAM pages, IFIP security and privacy in dynamic environments vol. 201 (2006) p. 413–424.
  
 
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Revision as of 19:54, 20 October 2008

File Format Identification is the process of figuring out the format of a sequence of bytes. Operating systems typically do this by file extension or by embedded MIME information. Forensic applications need to identify file types by content.

Tools

libmagic

  • Written in C.
  • Rules in /usr/share/file/magic and compiled at runtime.
  • Powers the Unix “file” command, but you can also call the library directly from a C program.
  • http://sourceforge.net/projects/libmagic

DROID

TrID

Stellent/Oracle Outside-In

Bibliography

Current research papers on the file format identification problem. Most of these papers concern themselves with identifying file format of a few file sectors, rather than an entire file.

  • Mason McDaniel, Automatic File Type Detection Algorithm, Masters Thesis, James Madison University,2001
  • FORSIGS; Forensic Signature Analysis of the Hard Drive for Multimedia File Fingerprints, John Haggerty and Mark Taylor, IFIP TC11 International Information Security Conference, 2006, Sandton, South Africa.
  • Karresand and Shahmehri, 2006 Martin Karresand and Nahid Shahmehri, Oscar – file type identification of binary data in disk clusters and RAM pages, IFIP security and privacy in dynamic environments vol. 201 (2006) p. 413–424.