Difference between pages "Blackberry Forensics" and "BitLocker: how to image"

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'''Blackberry Forensics''' is a page dedicated to the forensics world. This page should contain all the necessary steps to acquire data from a BlackBerry Device.
 
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== Warning for BlackBerry Forensics ==
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= Imaging Options =
[[BlackBerry]] devices come with password protection. The owner has the capability to protect all data on the phone with a password. The user may also specify the amount of attempts for entering the password before wiping all data from the device.
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[[Image:Image1.jpg|none|thumb]]
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There are multiple ways to image a computer with bitlocker security in place.
  
If you exceed your password attempts limit (defaults to 10, but you can set it as low as 3), you will be prompted one last time to type the word BlackBerry.
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== Traditional Imaging ==
  
[[Image:Image2.jpg|none|thumb]]
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One can make a traditional image with the image containing encrypted information.
  
The device will then wipe. It will be reset to the factory out-of-the-box condition (default folder structure), and the password reset. You will lose everything in the device memory, with no possibility of recovery. It will not reformat the microSD card, since that's not part of the factory configuration. The phone will still be usable, and the operating system will be unchanged. So this technique cannot be used to roll back from an OS upgrade problem.
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Options to offline decrypt the information, provided the password or recovery password is available, exists some are:
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* [http://www.hsc.fr/ressources/outils/dislocker/ dislocker]
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* [[EnCase]] (as of version 6) with the (optional) encryption module
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* [[libbde]]
  
Obviously this is a serious problem if you need to perform forensics on the device. The best work around is to work with the owner of the device and hopefully get them to disclose the password.
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The recovery password is a long series of digits broken up into 8 segments.
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<pre>
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123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-13456-123456
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</pre>
  
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Note that there is no white space in the recovery password including not at the end, e.g. EnCase does not accept the recovery password if there is trailing white space.
  
== Acquiring BlackBerry Backup File (.ipd) ==
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The recovery password can be recovered from a BitLocker enabled computer provided it can be logged into or if stored in escrow.
* Version 4.6 was used in this example
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Prerequisites:<br/>
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The basic steps are:
Download and install Blackberry Desktop Manager. <br/>
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Use the following link to select and download the install file that fits your system or version. <br/>
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https://www.blackberry.com/Downloads/entry.do?code=A8BAA56554F96369AB93E4F3BB068C22 <br/>
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<br/>
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Once Desktop Manager is installed:<br/>
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# Make a "traditional" full disk image.
1. Open Blackberry’s Desktop Manager.<br/>
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# Recover the password, this can be done by booting the original computer, or by creating a clone and booting the clone.  (booting from a clone has not been tested at this time.)
2. Click “Options” then “Connection Settings” <br/>
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## Once booted log into the computer
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## Use the BitLocker control panel applet to display the password.  This can also be done from the command-line.
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## record the password
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#:
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# For EnCase v6 or higher with the encryption module installed
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## Load the image into EnCase
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## You will be prompted for the password. Simply enter it and continue.
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## If you prefer to have an un-encrypted image to work with other tools or share with co-workers, you can "re-acquire" the image from within EnCase.  The new image will have unencrypted data.
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## After adding the encrypted image into your case, simply right click on the drive in the left panel and select acquire.  Select "do not add to case".  You will be presented a dialog window to enter new information about the image.  Make sure the destination you select for your new image does not exist.
  
[[Image:BBManager4 6 Options.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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== Live Imaging ==
  
4. If the Desktop Manager hasn't already done so, select “USB-PIN: Device #” for connection type. Your device # may not be the same as the image below.<br/>
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=== FTK Live Imaging of a physical drive ===
  
[[Image:BBManager4 6 Connect.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/>
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Using FTK Imager lite, it was determined a live image of the physical system disk resulted in an image with an encrypted bitlocker container on it.
  
5.      Click "OK" to return to the main menu.<br/><br/>
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Note that the phrase "physical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.
6. Click “Backup and Restore”.<br/>
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[[Image:BBManager4 6 Backup.JPG|none|thumb]]  <br/><br/>
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=== FTK Live Imaging of a logical partition ===
  
7.      Click the "Back up" button for a full backup of the device or use the Advanced section for specific data.<br/>
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This has not been verified to work or fail at this time.
  
[[Image:BBManager4 6 Backup1.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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Note that the phrase "logical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.
  
8. Select your destination and save the ".ipd" file.<br/>
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=== FTK Live Files and Folders collections ===
  
[[Image:BBManager4 6 Save.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/>
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This was not attempted, but it seems reasonable to assume this will collect unencrypted files.
  
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== See Also ==
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* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption]]
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* [[Defeating Whole Disk Encryption]]
  
=== Using Older Versions of Desktop Manager ===
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[[Category:Disk encryption]]
Visit the archived instructions for use with older versions of Desktop Manager [[Blackberry Forensics Backup File Old|click here]].
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[[Category:Windows]]
 
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<br/>
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<br/>
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== Opening Blackberry Backup Files (.ipd)* ==
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* Trial Version 6.7 was used in this example
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1. Purchase Amber BlackBerry Converter ($19.95/user or $59.95/unlimited) or Download the Trial Version from http://www.processtext.com/abcblackberry.html
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<br>2. Use File | Open and point the program to the BlackBerry backup file (.ipd).
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[[Image:ABCOpen.JPG|none|thumb]]
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<br>3. Navigate to the appropriate content by using the navigation icons on the left and/or top.
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<br>[[Image:ABCView.JPG|none|thumb]]<br>
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<small>click for enlarged version</small>
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<br>
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=== Advanced Export Options ===
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You may also export each subsection of acquired data to different file types such as pdf, txt, and html, etc.<br>
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1. Select the appropriate content from the navigation items on the left.<br>
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2. Either select an individual row or click "Select All" to export all rows.<br>
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[[Image:ABCExportSelectAll.JPG|none|thumb]]<br><br>
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3. Click "Fields to export" button<br>
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[[Image:ABCExportButton.JPG|none|thumb]]<br><br>
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4. Select all the criteria for that subsection in which you wish to export and click "OK"<br>
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[[Image:ABCExportFields.JPG|none|thumb]]<br><br>
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5. Select your output type from the bottom list of selections and click "Save As..."<br>
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[[Image:ABCExportOptions.JPG|none|thumb]]<br><br>
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== Blackberry IPD File Format (.ipd) ==
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For a more advanced and in depth look at the file format of (.ipd) backup files visit the following site.
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<br><br>
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http://na.blackberry.com/eng/devjournals/resources/journals/jan_2006/ipd_file_format.jsp
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<br><br>
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== Acquisition with Paraben's Device Seizure ==
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* You may purchase a copy of Device Seizure on Paraben's Website [http://www.paraben-forensics.com/catalog/product_info.php?cPath=25&products_id=405 here].
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As an alternative to acquiring the Blackberry through Amber Blackberry Converter, Paraben's Device Seizure is a simple and effective method to acquire the data.  The only drawback, is that this method takes significantly more time to acquire than using Amber Blackberry Converter.
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1. Create a new case in Device Seizure with File | New.
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2. Give the case a name and fill in any desired information about the case on the next two screens.  The third screen is a summary of the data entered.  If all data is correct click Next and then Finish.
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3. You are now ready to acquire the phone.  Go to Tools | Data Acquisition.
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4. You are prompted for the supported manufacturer.  Select RIM Blackbery (Physical).<br/>
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[[Image:Image10.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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5. Leave supported models at the default selection of autodetect.<br/>
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[[Image:Image11.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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6. Connection type should be set to USB.<br/>
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[[Image:Image12.JPG|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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7. For data type selection select Logical Image (Databases).<br/>
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[[Image:Image13.jpg|none|thumb]]<br/><br/>
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8. Confirm your selections on the summary page and click Next to start the acquisition.
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<br/>
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Now wait until the program is done acquiring data from the device. <br/><br/>
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Please Note: In some instances the wait can be up to 30-45 minutes.
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<br/><br/>
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== BlackBerry Simulator ==
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* For simulating a backup copy of the physical device. This is helpful if the device is low on battery, needs to be turned off,
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* or you don't want to alter the data on the physical device.
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This is a step by step guide to downloading and using a BlackBerry simulator. In this example the version 4.0.2 was used in order to simulate the 7230 series.
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<br/><br/>
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1. Select a simulator to download from the drop-down list on the [https://www.blackberry.com/Downloads/entry.do?code=060AD92489947D410D897474079C1477 BlackBerry website].
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*For this example look through the list and download BlackBerry Handheld Simulator v4.0.2.51.
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2. Then click ''Next''.
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3. Enter your proper user credentials and click ''Next'' to continue.
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4. On the next page, reply accordingly to the eligibility prompt and click ''Next'' to continue.*
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5. Agree or disagree to the SDK agreement and click ''Submit'' to continue.*
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6. The next page will provide you with a link to download the .ZIP file containing the wanted simulator.
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* - If you disagree at any of these points you will not be able to continue to the download.
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7. Extract the files to a folder that can easily be accessed (I used the desktop).
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8. In that folder, find the xxxx.bat file (where xxxx is the model number of the device that is being simulated). The simulator should now open an image that resembles the phone.
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9. In the ''BlackBerry 7230 Simulator'' window, select ''Simulate'' | ''USB Cable Connected''.  Refer to ''Figure BS-1'' for further assistance.
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[[Image:7230_1.JPG|none|thumb]]
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''Figure BS-1''
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10. Open BlackBerry Desktop Manager.  If there are no Outlook profiles created there will be a prompt on how to create one.  Click ''OK'' to continue.  If the BlackBerry xxxx Simulator has properly connected to the BlackBerry Desktop Manager, ''Connected'' should be displayed at the bottom of the BlackBerry Desktop Manager window.  Refer to ''Figure BS-2'' for further assistance.
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[[Image:BBDM_1.JPG|none|thumb]]
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''Figure BS-2''
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11. Double click ''Backup and Restore'' | select ''Restore...''.  Refer to ''Figure BS-2'' for further reference.
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12. Navigate to the directory where an .ipd file that has been previously backed up is stored and select Open to load that file to the Simulator.  See the Acquiring BlackBerry Backup File section above on information on how to backup a physical BlackBerry.
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== Blackberry Protocol ==
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http://www.off.net/cassis/protocol-description.html
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Here is a useful link to the Blackberry Protocol as documented by Phil Schwan, Mike Shaver, and Ian Goldberg. The article goes into great description of packet sniffing and the protocol as it relates to data transfer across a USB port.
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==References==
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* [http://www.processtext.com/abcblackberry.html ABC], Amber BlackBerry Converter
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* [https://www.blackberry.com/Downloads/entry.do?code=060AD92489947D410D897474079C1477 BlackBerry Simulator], Simulator Download website
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* [http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/BlackBerry Blackberry], BlackBerry Forensics Wiki page
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* [https://www.blackberry.com/Downloads/entry.do?code=A8BAA56554F96369AB93E4F3BB068C22 Desktop Manager], BlackBerry Desktop Manager Download website
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* [http://na.blackberry.com/eng/devjournals/resources/journals/jan_2006/ipd_file_format.jsp IPD], IPD File Format
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* [[Blackberry Forensics Backup File Old|Older Desktop Manager Versions]], Using older versions of BlackBerry Desktop
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* [http://www.paraben-forensics.com/catalog/index.php Paraben], Paraben Corporation website
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* [http://www.off.net/cassis/protocol-description.html Blackberry Protocol]
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* [http://www.rh-law.com/ediscovery/Blackberry.pdf Forensic Examination of a RIM (BlackBerry) Wireless Device]
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Revision as of 01:03, 15 July 2013

Imaging Options

There are multiple ways to image a computer with bitlocker security in place.

Traditional Imaging

One can make a traditional image with the image containing encrypted information.

Options to offline decrypt the information, provided the password or recovery password is available, exists some are:

The recovery password is a long series of digits broken up into 8 segments.

123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-13456-123456

Note that there is no white space in the recovery password including not at the end, e.g. EnCase does not accept the recovery password if there is trailing white space.

The recovery password can be recovered from a BitLocker enabled computer provided it can be logged into or if stored in escrow.

The basic steps are:

  1. Make a "traditional" full disk image.
  2. Recover the password, this can be done by booting the original computer, or by creating a clone and booting the clone. (booting from a clone has not been tested at this time.)
    1. Once booted log into the computer
    2. Use the BitLocker control panel applet to display the password. This can also be done from the command-line.
    3. record the password
  3. For EnCase v6 or higher with the encryption module installed
    1. Load the image into EnCase
    2. You will be prompted for the password. Simply enter it and continue.
    3. If you prefer to have an un-encrypted image to work with other tools or share with co-workers, you can "re-acquire" the image from within EnCase. The new image will have unencrypted data.
    4. After adding the encrypted image into your case, simply right click on the drive in the left panel and select acquire. Select "do not add to case". You will be presented a dialog window to enter new information about the image. Make sure the destination you select for your new image does not exist.

Live Imaging

FTK Live Imaging of a physical drive

Using FTK Imager lite, it was determined a live image of the physical system disk resulted in an image with an encrypted bitlocker container on it.

Note that the phrase "physical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.

FTK Live Imaging of a logical partition

This has not been verified to work or fail at this time.

Note that the phrase "logical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.

FTK Live Files and Folders collections

This was not attempted, but it seems reasonable to assume this will collect unencrypted files.

See Also