CAINE Live CD
Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment') is a distribution live oriented to Computer Forensics (computer forensics) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics Interdepartmental Research Center for Security (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia see Official Site. Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.
The latest version of Caine is based on the Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the NIST View the methodologies of Nist.
- Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
- Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
- Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
- Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, Law 48/2008,.
In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.
The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:
- Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
- No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the Journal;
- Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.
- Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file swap in systems with limited memory RAM, avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.
Caine and Open Source == ==
Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts,
etc..) from all over the world.
CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could
take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager.
The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.
Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools.
Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations.
Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator.
Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure.
The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis.
The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.
Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.
Inside contains the following software.
- Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
- Terminal with saving the output
- The SleuthKit
- Sfdumper 2.2
- Fundl 2.0
- Nautilus scripts
- And many others
Reporting semiautomatic == ==
Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator.
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report.
All set within the Perl program.
The Project Caine == ==
The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) 
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