Difference between pages "Upcoming events" and "Windows"

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<b>PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU EDIT THE LISTS BELOW</b><br>
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{{Expand}}
When events begin the same day, events of a longer length should be listed first.  New postings of events with the same date(s) as other events should be added after events already in the list. Please use three-letter month abbreviations (i.e. Sep, NOT Sept. or September), use two digit dates (i.e. Jan 01 NOT Jan 1), and use date ranges rather than listing every date during an event(i.e. Jan 02-05, NOT Jan 02, 03, 04, 05).<br>
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<i>Some events may be <u>limited</u> to <b>Law Enforcement Only</b> or to a specific audience.  Such restrictions should be noted when known.</i>
+
  
This is a BY DATE listing of upcoming events relevant to [[digital forensics]].  It is not an all inclusive list, but includes most well-known activities.  Some events may duplicate events on the generic [[conferences]] page, but entries in this list have specific dates and locations for the upcoming event.
+
'''Windows''' is a widely-spread [[operating system]] from [[Microsoft]].
  
This listing is divided into three sections (described as follows):<br>
+
There are 2 main branches of Windows:
<ol><li><b><u>[[Upcoming_events#Calls_For_Papers|Calls For Papers]]</u></b> - Calls for papers for either Journals or for Conferences, relevant to Digital Forensics (Name, Closing Date, URL)</li><br>
+
* the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
<li><b><u>[[Upcoming_events#Conferences|Conferences]]</u></b> - Conferences relevant for Digital Forensics (Name, Date, Location, URL)</li><br>
+
* the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista
<li><b><u>[[Training Courses and Providers]]</u></b> - Training </li><br></ol>
+
  
== Calls For Papers ==
+
== Features ==
Please help us keep this up-to-date with deadlines for upcoming conferences that would be appropriate for forensic research.
+
* Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa363785(v=vs.85).aspx]
  
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
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=== Introduced in Windows NT ===  
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
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* [[NTFS]]
! width="30%|Title
+
! width="15%"|Due Date
+
! width="15%"|Notification Date
+
! width="40%"|Website
+
|-
+
|Symposium On Usable Privacy and Security
+
|Feb 28, 2014 (Register) / Mar 06, 2014 (Submit)
+
|May 05, 2014
+
|http://cups.cs.cmu.edu/soups/2014/cfp.html
+
|-
+
|9th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES 2014)
+
|Mar 07, 2014
+
|May 19, 2014
+
|http://www.ares-conference.eu/conference/cfp/
+
|-
+
|24th Virus Bulletin International Conference
+
|Mar 07, 2014
+
|
+
|http://www.virusbtn.com/conference/vb2014/call/index
+
|-
+
|17th International Symposium on Research in Attacks, Intrusions and Defenses
+
|Apr 01, 2014
+
|Jun 01, 2014
+
|http://www.cse.chalmers.se/Raid2014/cfp.html
+
|-
+
|6th International Conference on Digital Forensics & Cyber Crime
+
|May 16, 2014
+
|Jul 30, 2014
+
|http://d-forensics.org/2014/show/cf-calls
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
See also [http://www.wikicfp.com/cfp/servlet/tool.search?q=forensics WikiCFP 'Forensics']
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2000 ===
  
== Conferences ==
+
=== Introduced in Windows XP ===
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
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* [[Prefetch]]
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
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* System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME
! width="40%"|Title
+
! width="20%"|Date/Location
+
! width="40%"|Website
+
|-
+
|Fourth ACM Conference on Data and Application Security and Privacy 2014
+
|Mar 03-05<br>San Antonio, TX, USA
+
|http://www1.it.utsa.edu/codaspy/
+
|-
+
|9th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ICCWS-2014)
+
|Mar 24-25<br>West Lafayette, IN, USA
+
|http://academic-conferences.org/iciw/iciw2014/iciw14-home.htm
+
|-
+
|CyberPatterns 2014
+
|Apr 11<br>Oxford, United Kingdom
+
|http://tech.brookes.ac.uk/CyberPatterns2014/
+
|-
+
|US Cyber Crime Conference 2014
+
|Apr 29-May 02<br>Leesburg, VA
+
|http://www.usacybercrime.com/
+
|-
+
|DFRWS-Europe 2014
+
|May 07-09<br>Amsterdam, Netherlands
+
|http://dfrws.org/2014eu/index.shtml
+
|-
+
|8th International Conference on IT Security Incident Management & IT Forensics
+
|May 12-14<br>Muenster, Germany
+
|http://www1.gi-ev.de/fachbereiche/sicherheit/fg/sidar/imf/imf2014/
+
|-
+
|2014 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
+
|May 16-23<br>Berkley, CA, USA
+
|http://www.ieee.org/conferences_events/conferences/conferencedetails/index.html?Conf_ID=16517
+
|-
+
|9th ADFSL Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law
+
|May 28-29<br>Richmond, VA
+
|http://www.digitalforensics-conference.org/
+
|-
+
|Techno-Security and Forensics Conference
+
|Jun 01-04<br>Myrtle Beach, SC, USA
+
|http://www.techsec.com/html/Security%20Conference%202014.html
+
|-
+
|Mobile Forensics World
+
|Jun 01-04<br>Myrtle Beach, SC, USA
+
|http://www.techsec.com/html/MFC-2014-Spring.html
+
|-
+
|12th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security
+
|Jun 10-13<br>Lausanne, Switzerland
+
|http://acns2014.epfl.ch/
+
|-
+
|2nd ACM Workshop on Information Hiding and Multimedia Security
+
|Jun 11-13<br>Salzburg, Austria
+
|http://www.ihmmsec.org/
+
|-
+
|54th Conference on Audio Forensics
+
|Jun 12-14<br>London, England
+
|http://www.aes.org/conferences/54/
+
|-
+
|2014 USENIX Annual Technical Conference
+
|Jun 19-20<br>Philadelphia, PA, USA
+
|https://www.usenix.org/conference/atc14
+
|-
+
|26th Annual FIRST Conference: Back to the ‘root’ of Incident Response
+
|Jun 22-27<br>Boston, MA
+
|http://www.first.org/conference/2014
+
|-
+
|44th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks
+
|Jun 23-26<br>Atlanta, GA, USA
+
|http://www.dsn.org/
+
|-
+
|Symposium On Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) 2014
+
|Jul 09-11<br>Menlo Park, CA, USA
+
|http://cups.cs.cmu.edu/soups/2014/
+
|-
+
|11th Conference on Detection of Intrusions and Malware & Vulnerability Assessment
+
|July 10-11<br>Egham, UK
+
|http://dimva2014.isg.rhul.ac.uk/
+
|-
+
|Black Hat USA 2014
+
|Aug 02-07<br>Las Vegas, NV, USA
+
|https://www.blackhat.com
+
|-
+
|DFRWS 2014
+
|Aug 03-06<br>Denver, CO, USA
+
|http://dfrws.org/2014/index.shtml
+
|-
+
|RCFG GMU 2014
+
|Aug 04-08<br>Fairfax, VA, USA
+
|http://www.rcfg.org/gmu/
+
|-
+
|23rd USENIX Security Symposium
+
|Aug 20-22<br>San Diego, CA, USA
+
|https://www.usenix.org/conferences
+
|-
+
|2014 HTCIA International Conference & Training Expo
+
|Aug 25-27<br>Austin, TX
+
|http://www.htcia.org/2013/11/2014-htcia-international-conference-training-expo/
+
|-
+
|International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES)
+
|Sep 08-12<br>Fribourg, Switzerland
+
|http://www.ares-conference.eu/conference/
+
|-
+
|6th International Conference on Digital Forensics & Cyber Crime co-hosted with the Systematic Approaches to Digital Forensic Engineering (SADFE)
+
|Sep 18-20<br>New Haven, CT
+
|http://d-forensics.org/2014/show/home
+
|-
+
|17th International Symposium on Research in Attacks, Intrusions and Defenses (previously called Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection
+
|Sep 24-26<br>Gothenburg, Sweden
+
|http://www.raid2014.eu/
+
|-
+
|24th Virus Bulletin International Conference
+
|September 24-26<br>Seattle, WA
+
|http://www.virusbtn.com/conference/vb2014/index
+
|-
+
|25th Annual Conference & Digital Multimedia Evidence Training Symposium
+
|Oct 06-10<br>Coeur d’Alene, ID, USA
+
|http://www.leva.org/annual-training-conference/
+
|-
+
|67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences
+
|Feb 16-25<br>Orlando, FL
+
|http://www.aafs.org
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
==See Also==
+
==== SP2 ====
* [[Training Courses and Providers]]
+
* Windows Firewall
==References==
+
 
* [http://faculty.cs.tamu.edu/guofei/sec_conf_stat.htm Computer Security Conference Ranking and Statistic]
+
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2003 ===
* [http://www.kdnuggets.com/meetings/ Meetings and Conferences in Data Mining and Discovery]
+
* Volume Shadow Copies
* http://www.conferencealerts.com/data.htm Data Mining Conferences World-Wide]
+
 
 +
=== Introduced in [[Windows Vista]] ===
 +
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker]]
 +
* [[Windows Desktop Search | Search]] integrated in operating system
 +
* [[ReadyBoost]]
 +
* [[SuperFetch]]
 +
* [[NTFS|Transactional NTFS (TxF)]]
 +
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)|Transactional Registry (TxR)]]
 +
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes|Shadow Volumes]]; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
 +
* $Recycle.Bin
 +
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
 +
* [[User Account Control (UAC)]]
 +
 
 +
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2008 ===
 +
 
 +
=== Introduced in [[Windows 7]] ===
 +
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
 +
* [[Jump Lists]]
 +
* [[Sticky Notes]]
 +
 
 +
=== Introduced in [[Windows 8]] ===
 +
* [[Windows File History | File History]]
 +
* [[Windows Storage Spaces | Storage Spaces]]
 +
* [[Search Charm History]]
 +
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]; Was initially available in the Windows 8 server edition.
 +
 
 +
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2012 ===
 +
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]
 +
 
 +
== Forensics ==
 +
 
 +
=== Partition layout ===
 +
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
 +
* at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
 +
* at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
 +
 
 +
=== Filesystems ===
 +
* [[FAT]], [[FAT|exFAT]]
 +
* [[NTFS]]
 +
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS) | ReFS]]
 +
 
 +
=== Recycle Bin ===
 +
The Recycle Bin contains "Recycled" files. Moving files and directories to the Recycle Bin is also referred to as soft deletion, since the files are not removed from the file system.
 +
 
 +
==== RECYCLER ====
 +
The Recycler format is used by Windows 2000, XP.
 +
 
 +
Per user Recycle Bin folder in the form:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\Recycler\%SID%\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Which contains:
 +
* INFO2 file; "Recycled" files metadata
 +
 
 +
==== $RECYCLE.BIN ====
 +
The $Recycle.Bin is used as of Windows Vista.
 +
 
 +
Per user Recycle Bin folder in the form:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\$Recycle.Bin\%SID%\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Which contains:
 +
* $I files; "Recycled" file metadata
 +
* $R files; the original data
 +
 
 +
=== Registry ===
 +
 
 +
The [[Windows Registry]] is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic [[investigator]]s.
 +
 
 +
=== Thumbs.db Files ===
 +
 
 +
[[Thumbs.db]] files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the [[investigator]].
 +
 
 +
See also: [[Vista thumbcache]].
 +
 
 +
=== Browser Cache ===
 +
 
 +
=== Browser History ===
 +
 
 +
The [[Web Browser History]] files can contain significant information. The default [[Web browser|web browser]] that comes with Windows is [[Internet Explorer|Microsoft Internet Explorer]] but other common browsers on Windows are [[Apple Safari]], [[Google Chrome]], [[Mozilla Firefox]] and [[Opera]].
 +
 
 +
=== Search ===
 +
See [[Windows Desktop Search]]
 +
 
 +
=== Setup API Logs ===
 +
Windows Vista introduced several new [[Setup API Logs|Setup API Log files]].
 +
 
 +
Also see [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521].
 +
 
 +
=== Sleep/Hibernation ===
 +
 
 +
After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
 +
 
 +
=== Users ===
 +
Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
 +
<pre>
 +
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
 +
 
 +
=== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ===
 +
 
 +
As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Corresponding registry key:
 +
<pre>
 +
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives ==
 +
Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see [[Advanced Format]].
 +
 
 +
== %SystemRoot% ==
 +
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
 +
<pre>
 +
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
 +
Value: SystemRoot
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Prefetch]]
 +
* [[Setup API Logs]]
 +
* [[SuperFetch]]
 +
* [[Windows Desktop Search]]
 +
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]]
 +
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
 +
* [[Windows Vista]]
 +
* [[Windows 7]]
 +
* [[Windows 8]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
 
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows]
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations]
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by [[Mitchell Machor]], 2008
 +
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/2013/02/microsoft-file-system-tunneling.html?m=1 Microsoft Windows File System Tunneling], by [[Eric Huber]], February 24, 2013
 +
* [http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/Spotting_the_Adversary_with_Windows_Event_Log_Monitoring.pdf Spotting the Adversary with Windows Event Log Monitoring], by National Security Agency/Central Security Service, February 28, 2013
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2014/04/search-history-on-windows-8-and-81.html Search history on Windows 8 and 8.1], by [[Yogesh Khatri's]], April 1, 2014
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2014/04/search-history-on-windows-81-part-2.html Search history on windows 8.1 - Part 2], by [[Yogesh Khatri's]], April 21, 2014
 +
 
 +
=== Recycle Bin ===
 +
* [http://www.cybersecurityinstitute.biz/downloads/INFO2.pdf Lesson 3 – The Recycle Bin], by Steve Hailey
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by Mitchell Machor, January 22, 2008
 +
 
 +
=== Malware/Rootkits ===
 +
* [http://forensicmethods.com/inside-windows-rootkits Inside Windows Rootkits], by [[Chad Tilbury]], September 4, 2013
 +
 
 +
=== Program execution ===
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/2013/07/howto-determine-program-execution.html HowTo: Determine Program Execution], by [[Harlan Carvey]], July 06, 2013
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.com/2014/01/it-is-all-about-program-execution.html It Is All About Program Execution], by [[Corey Harrell]], January 14, 2014
 +
* [http://sysforensics.org/2014/01/know-your-windows-processes.html Know your Windows Processes or Die Trying], by [[Patrick Olsen]], January 18, 2014
 +
 
 +
=== Tracking removable media ===
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2012/08/tracking-usb-first-insertion-in-event.html Tracking USB First insertion in Event logs], by Yogesh Khatri, August 18, 2012
 +
 
 +
=== Under the hood ===
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366533(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Comparing Memory Allocation Methods], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/archive/2007/06/28/how-windows-starts-up-part-the-second.aspx How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa375142.aspx DLL/COM Redirection]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms682586(v=vs.85).aspx Dynamic-Link Library Search Order]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2004/04/28/121871.aspx Image File Execution Options]
 +
 
 +
==== MSI ====
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/heaths/archive/2009/02/02/changes-to-package-caching-in-windows-installer-5-0.aspx?Redirected=true Changes to Package Caching in Windows Installer 5.0], by Heath Stewart, February 2, 2009
 +
* [http://blog.didierstevens.com/2013/07/26/msi-the-case-of-the-invalid-signature/ MSI: The Case Of The Invalid Signature], by Didier Stevens, July 26, 2013
 +
 
 +
==== Side-by-side (WinSxS) ====
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side-by-side_assembly Wikipedia: Side-by-side assembly]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374224.aspx Assembly Searching Sequence]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2007/06/26/rt-manifest-resource-and-isolation-aware-enabled.aspx RT_MANIFEST resource, and ISOLATION_AWARE_ENABLED]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd408052(v=vs.85).aspx Isolated Applications and Side-by-side Assemblies]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/01/24/517221.aspx#531208 DotLocal (.local) Dll Redirection], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], January 24, 2006
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/04/14/576314.aspx Diagnosing SideBySide failures], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], April 14, 2006
 +
* [http://omnicognate.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/winsxs/ EVERYTHING YOU NEVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT WINSXS]
 +
* [http://www.fireeye.com/resources/pdfs/fireeye-dll-sideloading.pdf DLL Side-loading: A Thorn in the Side of the Anti-Virus Industry], by Amanda Stewart, April 2014
 +
 
 +
==== Application Experience and Compatibility ====
 +
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd837644(v=ws.10).aspx Technet: Understanding Shims], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb432182(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Application Compatibility Database], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=39 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 20, 2007
 +
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=40 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 21, 2007
 +
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=41 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 3], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 26, 2007
 +
* [https://dl.mandiant.com/EE/library/Whitepaper_ShimCacheParser.pdf Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations], by [[Andrew Davis]], May 4, 2012
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-recentfilecachebcf-file.html Revealing the RecentFileCache.bcf File], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 2, 2013
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-program-compatibility.html Revealing Program Compatibility Assistant HKCU AppCompatFlags Registry Keys], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 17, 2013
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/04/triaging-with-recentfilecachebcf-file.html Triaging with the RecentFileCache.bcf File], by [[Corey Harrell]], April 21, 2014
 +
 
 +
==== System Restore (Restore Points) ====
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Restore Wikipedia: System Restore]
 +
* [http://www.stevebunting.org/udpd4n6/forensics/restorepoints.htm Restore Point Forensics], by [[Steve Bunting]]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2007/06/restore-point-analysis.html Restore Point Analysis], by [[Harlan Carvey]],  June 16, 2007
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2006/10/restore-point-forensics.html Restore Point Forensics], by [[Harlan Carvey]], October 20, 2006
 +
* [http://www.ediscovery.co.nz/wip/srp.html System Restore Point Log Decoding]
 +
 
 +
==== Crash dumps ====
 +
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Technet: Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315263 MSDN: How to read the small memory dump file that is created by Windows if a crash occurs], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
 
 +
==== RPC ====
 +
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/10/24/rpc-to-go-v-1.aspx RPC to Go v.1], by Michael Platts, October 24, 2008
 +
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/12/04/rpc-to-go-v-2.aspx RPC to Go v.2], by Michael Platts, December 4, 2008
 +
 
 +
==== User Account Control (UAC) ====
 +
* [http://blog.strategiccyber.com/2014/03/20/user-account-control-what-penetration-testers-should-know/ User Account Control – What Penetration Testers Should Know], by Raphael Mudge, March 20, 2014
 +
 
 +
==== Windows Event Logs ====
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/03/exploring-program-inventory-event-log.html Exploring the Program Inventory Event Log], by [[Corey Harrell]], March 24, 2014
 +
 
 +
==== Windows Scripting Host ====
 +
* [https://www.mandiant.com/blog/ground-windows-scripting-host-wsh/ Going To Ground with The Windows Scripting Host (WSH)], by Devon Kerr, February 19, 2014
 +
 
 +
==== USB ====
 +
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USBKEY-Guide.pdf USBKEY Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
 +
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USB_Drive_Enclosure-Guide.pdf USB Drive Enclosure Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
 +
 
 +
==== WMI ====
 +
* [http://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp__understanding-wmi-malware.pdf Understanding WMI Malware], by Julius Dizon, Lennard Galang, and Marvin Cruz, July 2010
 +
 
 +
==== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ====
 +
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
 +
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/02/exploring-windows-error-reporting.html Exploring Windows Error Reporting], by [[Corey Harrell]], February 24, 2014
 +
 
 +
==== Windows Firewall ====
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Firewall Wikipedia: Windows Firewall]
 +
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc737845(v=ws.10).aspx#BKMK_log Windows Firewall Tools and Settings]
 +
 
 +
==== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ====
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WoW64 Wikipedia: WoW64]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows XP ===
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q308549 Description of Windows XP System Information (Msinfo32.exe) Tool]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]
 +
[[Category:Windows]]

Revision as of 03:58, 22 April 2014

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Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Windows is a widely-spread operating system from Microsoft.

There are 2 main branches of Windows:

  • the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
  • the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista

Features

  • Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [1]

Introduced in Windows NT

Introduced in Windows 2000

Introduced in Windows XP

  • Prefetch
  • System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME

SP2

  • Windows Firewall

Introduced in Windows Server 2003

  • Volume Shadow Copies

Introduced in Windows Vista

Introduced in Windows Server 2008

Introduced in Windows 7

Introduced in Windows 8

Introduced in Windows Server 2012

Forensics

Partition layout

Default partition layout, first partition starts:

  • at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
  • at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7

Filesystems

Recycle Bin

The Recycle Bin contains "Recycled" files. Moving files and directories to the Recycle Bin is also referred to as soft deletion, since the files are not removed from the file system.

RECYCLER

The Recycler format is used by Windows 2000, XP.

Per user Recycle Bin folder in the form:

C:\Recycler\%SID%\

Which contains:

  • INFO2 file; "Recycled" files metadata

$RECYCLE.BIN

The $Recycle.Bin is used as of Windows Vista.

Per user Recycle Bin folder in the form:

C:\$Recycle.Bin\%SID%\

Which contains:

  • $I files; "Recycled" file metadata
  • $R files; the original data

Registry

The Windows Registry is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic investigators.

Thumbs.db Files

Thumbs.db files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the investigator.

See also: Vista thumbcache.

Browser Cache

Browser History

The Web Browser History files can contain significant information. The default web browser that comes with Windows is Microsoft Internet Explorer but other common browsers on Windows are Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Opera.

Search

See Windows Desktop Search

Setup API Logs

Windows Vista introduced several new Setup API Log files.

Also see [2].

Sleep/Hibernation

After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.

Users

Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList

The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.

Windows Error Reporting (WER)

As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:

C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\

As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:

C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\

Corresponding registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting

Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives

Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see Advanced Format.

%SystemRoot%

The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:

Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
Value: SystemRoot

See Also

External Links

Recycle Bin

Malware/Rootkits

Program execution

Tracking removable media

Under the hood

MSI

Side-by-side (WinSxS)

Application Experience and Compatibility

System Restore (Restore Points)

Crash dumps

RPC

User Account Control (UAC)

Windows Event Logs

Windows Scripting Host

USB

WMI

Windows Error Reporting (WER)

Windows Firewall

Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64)

Windows XP