Difference between pages "Forensic accounting" and "SuperFetch"

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{{Infobox Organization
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|name        = Indiaforensic Center of Studies
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|image        = Cfap.gif
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|image_border = 1
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|size        = 200px
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|caption      = CFAP
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|map          =
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|msize        =
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|mcaption    =
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|abbreviation =
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|motto        =
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|formation    = 2005
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|extinction  =
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|type        =
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|status      = Professional organization
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|purpose      = Forensic Accounting Education
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|headquarters = India
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|location    = Pune
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|region_served = Worldwide (7 countries)
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|membership  = 3500
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|language    =
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|leader_title = Chairman
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|leader_name  = Mayur Joshi
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|main_organ  = Indiaforensic
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|parent_organization = Riskpro Management Consulting Pvt.Ltd
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|affiliations =
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|num_staff    =
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|num_volunteers =
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|budget      =
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|website      =[http://www.riskpro.co.in/ Indiaforensic]
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|remarks      =
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}}
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'''Certified [[Forensic Accounting]] Professional''' (CFAP) is a person who has undergone training to become an expert in the field of forensic accounting, forensic auditing, litigation support and investigative accounting.
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'''Certified [[Forensic Accounting]] Professional''' (CFAP)is a designation awarded by Indiaforensic Center of Studies and moderated by the Forensic Accounting Research Foundation. The Forensic Accounting Research Foundation is a member-based Indian [[Professional body|organisation]] dedicated to providing forensic accounting and forensic auditing education and training with presence in more than 7 countries including Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Uganda and others
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Indiaforensic Center of Studies offers three certifications viz.
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SuperFetch is a performance enhancement introduced in [[Microsoft]] [[Windows|Windows Vista]] to reduce the time necessary to launch applications. SuperFetch works with the memory manager service in Windows to analyze memory usage patterns over time to determine the optimal memory content for a given user for a date or time of day. This differs from the [[Prefetch]] technique used in Microsoft Windows XP, which preloads data into memory without analyzing usage patterns.
* Certified [[Forensic Accounting]] Professional
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* Certified Anti-Moneylaundering Expert
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* [[Certified Bank Forensic Accounting]]
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In order to be Certified as a Forensic Accountant one must meet the following requirements:
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From [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/hardware/dn653317(v=vs.85).aspx]: SuperFetch prioritizes the following kinds of pages to remain in memory:
* Be at least a graduate from the Recognised [[University]]
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* Pages of applications that are used most frequently overall.
* Have professional experience of at least three years
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* Pages of applications that are commonly used when resuming:
* Pass the CFAP examination conducted by Indiaforensic with at least 75% marks
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** After extensive hibernation (for example, first thing in the morning).
* Be of high [[moral character]]
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** After shorter periods of sleep or hibernation (for example, after lunch).
  
==Academic requirements==
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If SuperFetch detects that the system drive is a fast SSD (as measured by Windows Experience Index Disk score), then SuperFetch turns off [[ReadyBoot]], [[ReadyBoost]], and the SuperFetch service itself.
  
Generally, applicants for CFAP certification have a minimum of a [[bachelor's degree]] and should possess at least three years of professional experience.
 
The graduates not having three years of experience may apply for the Forensic Accounting Entrance exam conducted by the Indiaforensic Center of Studies.
 
  
==Information Technology Specialisation==
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== Configuration ==
  
Post - Satyam, Indiaforensic Center of Studies have launched the certifications focusing the needs of the IT companies across the world. CFAP [IT] is one of the foremost efforts to address the industry specific frauds. Separate curriculum is designed for the program based on the frauds in Satyam and other IT companies. The subject on Satyam case study is contributed by some of the investigators who were involved in the Investigation and not in re-statement.
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Because SuperFetch appears to leave a system with no available memory, some users turn it off to create the appearance of having more free memory. The feature can be configured by changing the <tt>HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters\EnableSuperfetch</tt> [[Registry]] key [http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000688.html]. A value of zero disables SuperFetch, one enables it for booting only, two for applications, and three for both applications and boot. This setting can also be changed using the Services console, <tt>services.msc</tt> [http://tiredblogger.wordpress.com/2007/03/27/superfetch-not-so-super-for-gaming/].
  
==Examination==
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== File Formats ==
  
Examinations offered by Indiaforensic and Moderated under the bylaws of Forensic Accounting Research Foundation consists of 200 multiple option questions and single paper on forensic accounting.
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Data for SuperFetch is gathered by the <tt>%SystemRoot%\System32\Sysmain.dll</tt>, part of the Service Host process, <tt>%SystemRoot%\System32\Svchost.exe</tt>, and stored in a series of files in the <tt>%SystemRoot%\Prefetch</tt> directory [http://www.microsoft.com/technet/technetmag/issues/2007/03/VistaKernel/]. These files appear to start with the prefix <tt>Ag</tt> and have a <tt>.db</tt> extension. Note that there are likely more SuperFetch database files named differently, presumably all using the .db extension.
The exams are computer based and the self assessment test needs to be completed before the final examination needs to be completed.
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==References==
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The format of the SuperFetch database files is not fully known, there is available unofficial partial specification [http://blog.rewolf.pl/blog/?p=214] and open source (GPL) dumper for .db files [http://code.google.com/p/rewolf-superfetch-dumper/]. For more information see [[X]]
<references/>
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*[http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Repository/ml.asp?Ref=VE9JQkcvMjAwOS8wNS8wNCNBcjAzMjAx Times of India Article on CFAP ]
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*[http://www.slideshare.net/indiaforensic/certified-forensic-accounting-professional CFAP Information Powerpoint]
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==External links==
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The SuperFetch feature is seeded with some basic usage patterns when the operating system is installed [http://channel9.msdn.com/showpost.aspx?postid=242429].
*[http://blogs.educationtimes.com/author/Abhijeet%20Mehendale.aspx Education Times]
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*[http://www.accountancyage.com/accountancyage/news/2235676/india-expecting-boom-forensic Accountancy Age ]
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* [http://www.expressbuzz.com/edition/story.aspx?Title=Forensic+accountants+to+check+fraud&artid=tlzPDE44RsM= Indian Express ]
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*[http://www.riskpro.co.in/index.php/indiaforensic/certifications Frequently Asked Questions on CFAP]
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[[Category:Accountancy qualifications]]
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== See Also ==
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* [[Prefetch]]
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* [[ReadyBoost]]
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* [[ReadyBoot]]
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* [[Windows SuperFetch Format|SuperFetch Format]]
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* [[Windows]]
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== External Links ==
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Vista_I/O_technologies#SuperFetch Wikipedia: Windows Vista I/O technologies - SuperFetch]
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* [http://channel9.msdn.com/showpost.aspx?postid=242429 Channel 9 Interview with Michael Fortin of Microsoft on SuperFetch]
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* [http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=196902178 Microsoft Predicts The Future With Vista's SuperFetch] from Information Week
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* [http://jessekornblum.com/presentations/dodcc08-2.pdf DC3 Presentation: My You Look SuperFetching], by Jesse Kornblum
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== Tools ==
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=== Open Source ===
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* [https://code.google.com/p/rewolf-superfetch-dumper/ rewolf-superfetch-dumper]
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[[Category:Windows]]

Revision as of 04:27, 24 April 2014

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SuperFetch is a performance enhancement introduced in Microsoft Windows Vista to reduce the time necessary to launch applications. SuperFetch works with the memory manager service in Windows to analyze memory usage patterns over time to determine the optimal memory content for a given user for a date or time of day. This differs from the Prefetch technique used in Microsoft Windows XP, which preloads data into memory without analyzing usage patterns.

From [1]: SuperFetch prioritizes the following kinds of pages to remain in memory:

  • Pages of applications that are used most frequently overall.
  • Pages of applications that are commonly used when resuming:
    • After extensive hibernation (for example, first thing in the morning).
    • After shorter periods of sleep or hibernation (for example, after lunch).

If SuperFetch detects that the system drive is a fast SSD (as measured by Windows Experience Index Disk score), then SuperFetch turns off ReadyBoot, ReadyBoost, and the SuperFetch service itself.


Configuration

Because SuperFetch appears to leave a system with no available memory, some users turn it off to create the appearance of having more free memory. The feature can be configured by changing the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters\EnableSuperfetch Registry key [2]. A value of zero disables SuperFetch, one enables it for booting only, two for applications, and three for both applications and boot. This setting can also be changed using the Services console, services.msc [3].

File Formats

Data for SuperFetch is gathered by the %SystemRoot%\System32\Sysmain.dll, part of the Service Host process, %SystemRoot%\System32\Svchost.exe, and stored in a series of files in the %SystemRoot%\Prefetch directory [4]. These files appear to start with the prefix Ag and have a .db extension. Note that there are likely more SuperFetch database files named differently, presumably all using the .db extension.

The format of the SuperFetch database files is not fully known, there is available unofficial partial specification [5] and open source (GPL) dumper for .db files [6]. For more information see X

The SuperFetch feature is seeded with some basic usage patterns when the operating system is installed [7].

See Also

External Links

Tools

Open Source