Difference between pages "Windows" and "Libqcow"

From Forensics Wiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
(External Links)
 
(External Links)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Expand}}
+
{{Infobox_Software |
 +
  name = libqcow |
 +
  maintainer = [[Joachim Metz]] |
 +
  os = [[Linux]], [[FreeBSD]], [[NetBSD]], [[OpenBSD]], [[Mac OS X]], [[Windows]] |
 +
  genre = {{Disk imaging}} |
 +
  license = {{LGPL}} |
 +
  website = [http://code.google.com/p/libqcow/ code.google.com/p/libqcow] |
 +
}}
  
'''Windows''' is a widely-spread [[operating system]] from [[Microsoft]].
+
The '''libqcow''' package contains a library and applications to read the [[QCOW_Image_Format | QEMU Copy-On-Write (QCOW) image]] format.
  
There are 2 main branches of Windows:
+
== Tools ==
* the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
+
The '''libqcow''' package contains the following tools:
* the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista
+
* '''qcowinfo''', which shows the information about QCOW files.
 +
* '''qcowmount''', which FUSE mounts QCOW image files.
  
== Features ==
+
== Examples ==  
* Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa363785(v=vs.85).aspx]
+
  
=== Introduced in Windows NT ===
+
FUSE mounting a QCOW image (libqcow 20111009 or later)
* [[NTFS]]
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2000 ===
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows XP ===
+
* [[Prefetch]]
+
* System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME
+
 
+
==== SP2 ====
+
* Windows Firewall
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2003 (Server) ===
+
* Volume Shadow Copies
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows Vista ===
+
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker]]
+
* [[Windows Desktop Search | Search]] integrated in operating system
+
* [[SuperFetch]]
+
* [[NTFS|Transactional NTFS (TxF)]]
+
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)|Transactional Registry (TxR)]]
+
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes|Shadow Volumes]]; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
+
* $Recycle.Bin
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
+
* [[User Account Control (UAC)]]
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2008 (Server) ===
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows 7 ===
+
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
+
* [[Jump Lists]]
+
* [[Sticky Notes]]
+
 
+
=== Introduced in Windows 8 ===
+
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes | File History]]
+
* [[Windows Storage Spaces | Storage Spaces]]
+
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]; server edition will likely be available in Windows Server 2012
+
 
+
== Forensics ==
+
 
+
=== Partition layout ===
+
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
+
* at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
+
* at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
+
 
+
=== Filesystems ===
+
* [[FAT]], [[FAT|exFAT]]
+
* [[NTFS]]
+
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS) | ReFS]]
+
 
+
=== Recycle Bin ===
+
 
+
==== RECYCLER ====
+
Used by Windows 2000, XP.
+
Uses INFO2 file.
+
 
+
See: [http://www.cybersecurityinstitute.biz/downloads/INFO2.pdf]
+
 
+
==== $RECYCLE.BIN ====
+
Used by Windows Vista.
+
Uses $I and $R files.
+
 
+
See: [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf]
+
 
+
=== Registry ===
+
 
+
The [[Windows Registry]] is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic [[investigator]]s.
+
 
+
=== Thumbs.db Files ===
+
 
+
[[Thumbs.db]] files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the [[investigator]].
+
 
+
See also: [[Vista thumbcache]].
+
 
+
=== Browser Cache ===
+
 
+
=== Browser History ===
+
 
+
The [[Web Browser History]] files can contain significant information. The default [[Web browser|web browser]] that comes with Windows is [[Internet Explorer|Microsoft Internet Explorer]] but other common browsers on Windows are [[Apple Safari]], [[Google Chrome]], [[Mozilla Firefox]] and [[Opera]].
+
 
+
=== Search ===
+
See [[Windows Desktop Search]]
+
 
+
=== Setup log files (setupapi.log) ===
+
Windows Vista introduced several setup log files [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521].
+
 
+
=== Sleep/Hibernation ===
+
 
+
After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
+
 
+
=== Users ===
+
Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
+
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList
+
qcowmount image.qcow mount_point
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
+
== History ==
  
=== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ===
+
Libqcow was created by [[Joachim Metz]] in 2010.
  
As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:
+
== Also See ==
<pre>
+
[[QCOW_Image_Format | QEMU Copy-On-Write (QCOW) image format]]
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
+
</pre>
+
 
+
As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:
+
<pre>
+
C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
+
</pre>
+
 
+
Corresponding registry key:
+
<pre>
+
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives ==
+
Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see [[Advanced Format]].
+
 
+
== %SystemRoot% ==
+
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
+
<pre>
+
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
+
Value: SystemRoot
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== See Also ==
+
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]]
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
+
  
 
== External Links ==
 
== External Links ==
 
+
* [https://code.google.com/p/libqcow/ Project site]
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows]
+
* [https://code.google.com/p/libqcow/wiki/Building Building libqcow and tools from source]
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations]
+
* [https://code.google.com/p/libqcow/wiki/Mounting Mounting a QCOW image]
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by [[Mitchell Machor]], 2008
+
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/2013/02/microsoft-file-system-tunneling.html?m=1 Microsoft Windows File System Tunneling], by [[Eric Huber]], February 24, 2013
+
* [http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/Spotting_the_Adversary_with_Windows_Event_Log_Monitoring.pdf Spotting the Adversary with Windows Event Log Monitoring], by National Security Agency/Central Security Service, February 28, 2013
+
 
+
=== Under the hood ===
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366533(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Comparing Memory Allocation Methods], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/archive/2007/06/28/how-windows-starts-up-part-the-second.aspx How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa375142.aspx DLL/COM Redirection]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms682586(v=vs.85).aspx Dynamic-Link Library Search Order]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2004/04/28/121871.aspx Image File Execution Options]
+
 
+
=== Side-by-side (WinSxS) ===
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side-by-side_assembly Wikipedia: Side-by-side assembly]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374224.aspx Assembly Searching Sequence]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2007/06/26/rt-manifest-resource-and-isolation-aware-enabled.aspx RT_MANIFEST resource, and ISOLATION_AWARE_ENABLED]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd408052(v=vs.85).aspx Isolated Applications and Side-by-side Assemblies]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/01/24/517221.aspx#531208 DotLocal (.local) Dll Redirection], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], January 24, 2006
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/04/14/576314.aspx Diagnosing SideBySide failures], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], April 14, 2006
+
* [http://omnicognate.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/winsxs/ EVERYTHING YOU NEVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT WINSXS]
+
 
+
=== Application Compatibility Database ===
+
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd837644(v=ws.10).aspx Technet: Understanding Shims], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb432182(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Application Compatibility Database], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=39 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 20, 2007
+
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=40 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 21, 2007
+
* [http://fred.mandiant.com/Whitepaper_ShimCacheParser.pdf Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations], by [[Andrew Davis]], May 4, 2012
+
 
+
=== System Restore (Restore Points) ===
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Restore Wikipedia: System Restore]
+
* [http://www.stevebunting.org/udpd4n6/forensics/restorepoints.htm Restore Point Forensics], by [[Steve Bunting]]
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2007/06/restore-point-analysis.html Restore Point Analysis], by [[Harlan Carvey]],  June 16, 2007
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2006/10/restore-point-forensics.html Restore Point Forensics], by [[Harlan Carvey]], October 20, 2006
+
* [http://www.ediscovery.co.nz/wip/srp.html System Restore Point Log Decoding]
+
 
+
=== Crash dumps ===
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Technet: Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315263 MSDN: How to read the small memory dump file that is created by Windows if a crash occurs], by [[Microsoft]]
+
 
+
=== Windows Firewall ===
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Firewall Wikipedia: Windows Firewall]
+
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc737845(v=ws.10).aspx#BKMK_log Windows Firewall Tools and Settings]
+
 
+
=== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ===
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WoW64 Wikipedia: WoW64]
+
 
+
=== Windows XP ===
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q308549 Description of Windows XP System Information (Msinfo32.exe) Tool]
+
 
+
=== Windows 8 ===
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Features_new_to_Windows_8 Features new to Windows 8], Wikipedia
+
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics Windows 8 Forensics - part 1]
+
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics-part-2 Windows 8 Forensics - part 2]
+
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics-part-3 Windows 8 Forensics - part 3]
+
* [http://propellerheadforensics.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/thomson_windows-8-forensic-guide2.pdf Windows 8 Forensic Guide], by [[Amanda Thomson|Amanda C. F. Thomson]], 2012
+
* [http://forensicfocus.com/Forums/viewtopic/t=9604/ Forensic Focus: Windows 8 Forensics - A First Look], [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhCooEz9FQs&feature=youtu.be Presentation], [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/windows-8-forensics-josh-brunty.pdf Slides], by [[Josh Brunty]], August 2012
+
* [http://dfstream.blogspot.ch/2013/03/windows-8-tracking-opened-photos.html Windows 8: Tracking Opened Photos], by [[Jason Hale]], March 8, 2013
+
 
+
[[Category:Operating systems]]
+

Latest revision as of 00:29, 15 July 2013

libqcow
Maintainer: Joachim Metz
OS: Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Mac OS X, Windows
Genre: Disk imaging
License: LGPL
Website: code.google.com/p/libqcow

The libqcow package contains a library and applications to read the QEMU Copy-On-Write (QCOW) image format.

Contents

Tools

The libqcow package contains the following tools:

  • qcowinfo, which shows the information about QCOW files.
  • qcowmount, which FUSE mounts QCOW image files.

Examples

FUSE mounting a QCOW image (libqcow 20111009 or later)

qcowmount image.qcow mount_point

History

Libqcow was created by Joachim Metz in 2010.

Also See

QEMU Copy-On-Write (QCOW) image format

External Links