Difference between pages "Windows" and "Blogs"

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[[Computer forensics]] related resources like: blogs, fora, tweets, tools and challenges (and test images).
  
'''Windows''' is a widely-spread [[operating system]] from [[Microsoft]].
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= Blogs =
  
There are 2 main branches of Windows:
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== English ==
* the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
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* the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista
+
  
== Features ==
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* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/ The Apple Examiner]
* Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa363785(v=vs.85).aspx]
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* [http://computer.forensikblog.de/en/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Andreas Schuster]]
 +
* [http://www.niiconsulting.com/checkmate/ Checkmate - e-zine on Digital Forensics and Incident Response]
 +
* [http://www.infosecinstitute.com/blog/ethical_hacking_computer_forensics.html Jack Koziol - Ethical Hacking and Computer Forensics]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/ Windows Incident Response Blog], by [[Harlan Carvey]]
 +
* [http://geschonneck.com/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Alexander Geschonneck]]
 +
* [http://forensicblog.org/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Michael Murr]]
 +
* [http://forenshick.blogspot.com/ Forensic news, Technology, TV, and more], by [[Jordan Farr]]
 +
* [http://unixsadm.blogspot.com/ UNIX, OpenVMS and Windows System Administration, Digital Forensics, High Performance Computing, Clustering and Distributed Systems], by [[Criveti Mihai]]
 +
* [http://intrusions.blogspot.com/ Various Authors - Intrusions and Malware Analysis]
 +
* [http://chicago-ediscovery.com/education/computer-forensics-glossary/ Computer Forensic Glossary Blog, HOWTOs and other resources], by [[Andrew Hoog]]
 +
* [http://secureartisan.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensics with a Focus on EnCase], by [[Paul Bobby]]
 +
* [http://www.crimemuseum.org/blog/ National Museum of Crime and Punishment-CSI/Forensics Blog]
 +
* [http://forensicsfromthesausagefactory.blogspot.com/ Forensics from the sausage factory]
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* [http://integriography.wordpress.com Computer Forensics Blog], by [[David Kovar]]
 +
* [http://jessekornblum.livejournal.com/ A Geek Raised by Wolves], by [[Jesse Kornblum]]
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* [http://computer-forensics.sans.org/blog SANS Computer Forensics and Incident Response Blog by SANS Institute]
 +
* [http://www.digitalforensicsource.com Digital Forensic Source]
 +
* [http://dfsforensics.blogspot.com/ Digital Forensics Solutions]
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* [http://forensicaliente.blogspot.com/ Forensicaliente]
 +
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/ A Fistful of Dongles]
 +
* [http://gleeda.blogspot.com/ JL's stuff]
 +
* [http://4n6k.blogspot.com/ 4n6k]
 +
* [http://justaskweg.com/ JustAskWeg], by [[Jimmy Weg]]
 +
* [http://blog.kiddaland.net/ IR and forensic talk], by [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]]
 +
* [http://c-skills.blogspot.ch/ c-skills], by [[Sebastian Krahmer]]
 +
* [http://sketchymoose.blogspot.ch/ Sketchymoose's Blog]
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/ All things forensic and security related], by [[Yogesh Khatri]]
 +
* [http://dan3lmi.blogspot.pt/ Dlog], by [[Daniela Elmi]]
  
=== Introduced in Windows NT ===  
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=== Windows ===
* [[NTFS]]
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* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/ ntdebugging - Advanced Windows Debugging and Troubleshooting]
  
=== Introduced in Windows 2000 ===  
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== Dutch ==
  
=== Introduced in Windows XP ===
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* [http://stam.blogs.com/8bits/ 8 bits], by [[Mark Stam]] (also contain English articles otherwise use [http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fstam.blogs.com%2F8bits%2Fforensisch%2Findex.html&langpair=nl%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8 Google translation])
* [[Prefetch]]
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* System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME
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==== SP2 ====
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== French ==
* Windows Firewall
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=== Introduced in Windows Server 2003 ===
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* [http://forensics-dev.blogspot.com Forensics-dev] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fforensics-dev.blogspot.com%2F&langpair=fr%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
* Volume Shadow Copies
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=== Introduced in [[Windows Vista]] ===
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== German ==
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker]]
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* [[Windows Desktop Search | Search]] integrated in operating system
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* [[ReadyBoost]]
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* [[SuperFetch]]
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* [[NTFS|Transactional NTFS (TxF)]]
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* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)|Transactional Registry (TxR)]]
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* [[Windows Shadow Volumes|Shadow Volumes]]; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
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* $Recycle.Bin
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* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
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* [[User Account Control (UAC)]]
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=== Introduced in Windows Server 2008 ===
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* [http://computer.forensikblog.de/ Computer Forensik Blog Gesamtausgabe], by [[Andreas Schuster]] ([http://computer.forensikblog.de/en/ English version])
 +
* [http://computer-forensik.org computer-forensik.org], by [[Alexander Geschonneck]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.computer-forensik.org&langpair=de%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
 +
* [http://henrikbecker.blogspot.com Digitale Beweisführung], by [[Henrik Becker]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fhenrikbecker.blogspot.com&langpair=de%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
  
=== Introduced in [[Windows 7]] ===
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== Korean ==
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
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* [http://forensic-proof.com/ Forensic-Proof], by 이름 : Kim Jinkook
* [[Jump Lists]]
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* [[Sticky Notes]]
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=== Introduced in [[Windows 8]] ===
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== Spanish ==
* [[Windows File History | File History]]
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* [[Windows Storage Spaces | Storage Spaces]]
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* [[Search Charm History]]
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* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]; Was initially available in the Windows 8 server edition.
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=== Introduced in Windows Server 2012 ===
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* [http://www.forensic-es.org/blog forensic-es.org] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forensic-es.org%2Fblog&langpair=es%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]
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* [http://www.inforenses.com InForenseS], by [[Javier Pages]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.inforenses.com&langpair=es%7Cen&hl=es&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
 +
* [http://windowstips.wordpress.com El diario de Juanito]
 +
* [http://conexioninversa.blogspot.com Conexión inversa]
  
== Forensics ==
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== Russian ==
  
=== Partition layout ===
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* Group-IB: [http://notheft.ru/blogs/group-ib blog at notheft.ru], [http://www.securitylab.ru/blog/company/group-ib/ blog at securitylab.ru]
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
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* at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
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* at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
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=== Filesystems ===
+
= Related blogs =
* [[FAT]], [[FAT|exFAT]]
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* [[NTFS]]
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* [[Resilient File System (ReFS) | ReFS]]
+
  
=== Recycle Bin ===
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* [http://www.c64allstars.de C64Allstars Blog]
 +
* [http://www.emergentchaos.com/ Emergent Chaos], by [[Adam Shostack]]
 +
* [http://jeffjonas.typepad.com/ Inventor of NORA discusses privacy and all things digital], by [[Jeff Jonas]]
 +
* [http://www.cs.uno.edu/~golden/weblog Digital Forensics, Coffee, Benevolent Hacking], by [[Golden G. Richard III]]
  
==== RECYCLER ====
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= Circles/Fora/Groups =
Used by Windows 2000, XP.
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* [http://forensicfocus.com/ Forensic Focus]
Uses INFO2 file.
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* [http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/win4n6 Yahoo! groups: win4n6 · Windows Forensic Analysis]
  
See: [http://www.cybersecurityinstitute.biz/downloads/INFO2.pdf]
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= Tweets =
 +
* [http://twitter.com/#!/search/%23DFIR?q=%23DFIR #DFIR]
 +
* [http://twitter.com/#!/search/%23forensics #forensics]
  
==== $RECYCLE.BIN ====
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= Tools =
Used by Windows Vista.
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* [http://www2.opensourceforensics.org/ Open Source Digital Forensics]
Uses $I and $R files.
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* [http://forensiccontrol.com/resources/free-software/ Free computer forensic tools]
 +
* [http://code.google.com/p/libyal/ Yet another library library (and tools)]
  
See: [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf]
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= Challenges (and test images) =
 +
* [http://www.dc3.mil/challenge/ DC3 Challenges]
 +
* [http://testimages.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensics Test Images]
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/images-and-challenges Forensic Focus - Test Images and Forensic Challenges]
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* [https://www.honeynet.org/challenges/ Honeynet Project Challenges]
 +
* [http://testimages.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensic Test Images]
 +
* [http://secondlookforensics.com/linux-memory-images/ Second Look - Linux Memory Images]
 +
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/nullconctf2014/ NullconCTF2014]
 +
* [http://hackingexposedcomputerforensicsblog.blogspot.ch/2014/03/daily-blog-277-sample-forensic-images.html Daily Blog #277: Sample Forensic Images]
  
=== Registry ===
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= Conferences =
 +
See: [[:Category:Conferences|Conferences]]
  
The [[Windows Registry]] is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic [[investigator]]s.
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[[Category:Further information]]
 
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=== Thumbs.db Files ===
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[[Thumbs.db]] files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the [[investigator]].
+
 
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See also: [[Vista thumbcache]].
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=== Browser Cache ===
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=== Browser History ===
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The [[Web Browser History]] files can contain significant information. The default [[Web browser|web browser]] that comes with Windows is [[Internet Explorer|Microsoft Internet Explorer]] but other common browsers on Windows are [[Apple Safari]], [[Google Chrome]], [[Mozilla Firefox]] and [[Opera]].
+
 
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=== Search ===
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See [[Windows Desktop Search]]
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=== Setup log files (setupapi.log) ===
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Windows Vista introduced several setup log files [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521].
+
 
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=== Sleep/Hibernation ===
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After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
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=== Users ===
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Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
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<pre>
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HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList
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</pre>
+
 
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The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
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=== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ===
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As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:
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<pre>
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C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
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</pre>
+
 
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As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:
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<pre>
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C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
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</pre>
+
 
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Corresponding registry key:
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<pre>
+
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
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</pre>
+
 
+
== Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives ==
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Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see [[Advanced Format]].
+
 
+
== %SystemRoot% ==
+
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
+
<pre>
+
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
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Value: SystemRoot
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== See Also ==
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* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]]
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
+
* [[Windows Vista]]
+
* [[Windows 7]]
+
* [[Windows 8]]
+
 
+
== External Links ==
+
 
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows]
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* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations]
+
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by [[Mitchell Machor]], 2008
+
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/2013/02/microsoft-file-system-tunneling.html?m=1 Microsoft Windows File System Tunneling], by [[Eric Huber]], February 24, 2013
+
* [http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/Spotting_the_Adversary_with_Windows_Event_Log_Monitoring.pdf Spotting the Adversary with Windows Event Log Monitoring], by National Security Agency/Central Security Service, February 28, 2013
+
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2014/04/search-history-on-windows-8-and-81.html?m=1 Search history on Windows 8 and 8.1], by [[Yogesh Khatri's]], April 1, 2014
+
 
+
=== Malware/Rootkits ===
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* [http://forensicmethods.com/inside-windows-rootkits Inside Windows Rootkits], by [[Chad Tilbury]], September 4, 2013
+
 
+
=== Program execution ===
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/2013/07/howto-determine-program-execution.html HowTo: Determine Program Execution], by [[Harlan Carvey]], July 06, 2013
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.com/2014/01/it-is-all-about-program-execution.html It Is All About Program Execution], by [[Corey Harrell]], January 14, 2014
+
* [http://sysforensics.org/2014/01/know-your-windows-processes.html Know your Windows Processes or Die Trying], by [[Patrick Olsen]], January 18, 2014
+
 
+
=== Tracking removable media ===
+
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2012/08/tracking-usb-first-insertion-in-event.html Tracking USB First insertion in Event logs], by Yogesh Khatri, August 18, 2012
+
 
+
=== Under the hood ===
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366533(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Comparing Memory Allocation Methods], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/archive/2007/06/28/how-windows-starts-up-part-the-second.aspx How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa375142.aspx DLL/COM Redirection]
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* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms682586(v=vs.85).aspx Dynamic-Link Library Search Order]
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* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2004/04/28/121871.aspx Image File Execution Options]
+
 
+
==== MSI ====
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/heaths/archive/2009/02/02/changes-to-package-caching-in-windows-installer-5-0.aspx?Redirected=true Changes to Package Caching in Windows Installer 5.0], by Heath Stewart, February 2, 2009
+
* [http://blog.didierstevens.com/2013/07/26/msi-the-case-of-the-invalid-signature/ MSI: The Case Of The Invalid Signature], by Didier Stevens, July 26, 2013
+
 
+
==== Side-by-side (WinSxS) ====
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side-by-side_assembly Wikipedia: Side-by-side assembly]
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* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374224.aspx Assembly Searching Sequence]
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* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2007/06/26/rt-manifest-resource-and-isolation-aware-enabled.aspx RT_MANIFEST resource, and ISOLATION_AWARE_ENABLED]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd408052(v=vs.85).aspx Isolated Applications and Side-by-side Assemblies]
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* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/01/24/517221.aspx#531208 DotLocal (.local) Dll Redirection], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], January 24, 2006
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/04/14/576314.aspx Diagnosing SideBySide failures], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], April 14, 2006
+
* [http://omnicognate.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/winsxs/ EVERYTHING YOU NEVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT WINSXS]
+
 
+
==== Application Experience and Compatibility ====
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* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd837644(v=ws.10).aspx Technet: Understanding Shims], by [[Microsoft]]
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* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb432182(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Application Compatibility Database], by [[Microsoft]]
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* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=39 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 20, 2007
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* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=40 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 21, 2007
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* [https://dl.mandiant.com/EE/library/Whitepaper_ShimCacheParser.pdf Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations], by [[Andrew Davis]], May 4, 2012
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-recentfilecachebcf-file.html Revealing the RecentFileCache.bcf File], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 2, 2013
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-program-compatibility.html Revealing Program Compatibility Assistant HKCU AppCompatFlags Registry Keys], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 17, 2013
+
 
+
==== System Restore (Restore Points) ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Restore Wikipedia: System Restore]
+
* [http://www.stevebunting.org/udpd4n6/forensics/restorepoints.htm Restore Point Forensics], by [[Steve Bunting]]
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* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2007/06/restore-point-analysis.html Restore Point Analysis], by [[Harlan Carvey]],  June 16, 2007
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2006/10/restore-point-forensics.html Restore Point Forensics], by [[Harlan Carvey]], October 20, 2006
+
* [http://www.ediscovery.co.nz/wip/srp.html System Restore Point Log Decoding]
+
 
+
==== Crash dumps ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Technet: Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315263 MSDN: How to read the small memory dump file that is created by Windows if a crash occurs], by [[Microsoft]]
+
 
+
==== RPC ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/10/24/rpc-to-go-v-1.aspx RPC to Go v.1], by Michael Platts, October 24, 2008
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/12/04/rpc-to-go-v-2.aspx RPC to Go v.2], by Michael Platts, December 4, 2008
+
 
+
==== User Account Control (UAC) ====
+
* [http://blog.strategiccyber.com/2014/03/20/user-account-control-what-penetration-testers-should-know/ User Account Control – What Penetration Testers Should Know], by Raphael Mudge, March 20, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Event Logs ====
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/03/exploring-program-inventory-event-log.html Exploring the Program Inventory Event Log], by [[Corey Harrell]], March 24, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Scripting Host ====
+
* [https://www.mandiant.com/blog/ground-windows-scripting-host-wsh/ Going To Ground with The Windows Scripting Host (WSH)], by Devon Kerr, February 19, 2014
+
 
+
==== USB ====
+
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USBKEY-Guide.pdf USBKEY Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
+
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USB_Drive_Enclosure-Guide.pdf USB Drive Enclosure Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
+
 
+
==== WMI ====
+
* [http://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp__understanding-wmi-malware.pdf Understanding WMI Malware], by Julius Dizon, Lennard Galang, and Marvin Cruz, July 2010
+
 
+
==== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/02/exploring-windows-error-reporting.html Exploring Windows Error Reporting], by [[Corey Harrell]], February 24, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Firewall ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Firewall Wikipedia: Windows Firewall]
+
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc737845(v=ws.10).aspx#BKMK_log Windows Firewall Tools and Settings]
+
 
+
==== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WoW64 Wikipedia: WoW64]
+
 
+
=== Windows XP ===
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q308549 Description of Windows XP System Information (Msinfo32.exe) Tool]
+
 
+
[[Category:Operating systems]]
+

Revision as of 15:36, 2 April 2014

Computer forensics related resources like: blogs, fora, tweets, tools and challenges (and test images).

Blogs

English

Windows

Dutch

French

German

Korean

Spanish

Russian

Related blogs

Circles/Fora/Groups

Tweets

Tools

Challenges (and test images)

Conferences

See: Conferences