ForensicsWiki will continue to operate as it has before and will not be shutting down. Thank you for your continued support of ForensicsWiki.

Difference between pages "Windows" and "Blogs"

From ForensicsWiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
(External Links)
 
(Challenges (and test images))
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Expand}}
+
[[Computer forensics]] related resources like: blogs, fora, tweets, tools and challenges (and test images).
  
'''Windows''' is a widely-spread [[operating system]] from [[Microsoft]].
+
= Blogs =
  
There are 2 main branches of Windows:
+
== English ==
* the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
+
* the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista
+
  
== Features ==
+
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/ The Apple Examiner]
* Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa363785(v=vs.85).aspx]
+
* [http://computer.forensikblog.de/en/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Andreas Schuster]]
 +
* [http://www.niiconsulting.com/checkmate/ Checkmate - e-zine on Digital Forensics and Incident Response]
 +
* [http://www.infosecinstitute.com/blog/ethical_hacking_computer_forensics.html Jack Koziol - Ethical Hacking and Computer Forensics]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/ Windows Incident Response Blog], by [[Harlan Carvey]]
 +
* [http://geschonneck.com/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Alexander Geschonneck]]
 +
* [http://forensicblog.org/ Computer Forensics Blog], by [[Michael Murr]]
 +
* [http://forenshick.blogspot.com/ Forensic news, Technology, TV, and more], by [[Jordan Farr]]
 +
* [http://unixsadm.blogspot.com/ UNIX, OpenVMS and Windows System Administration, Digital Forensics, High Performance Computing, Clustering and Distributed Systems], by [[Criveti Mihai]]
 +
* [http://intrusions.blogspot.com/ Various Authors - Intrusions and Malware Analysis]
 +
* [http://chicago-ediscovery.com/education/computer-forensics-glossary/ Computer Forensic Glossary Blog, HOWTOs and other resources], by [[Andrew Hoog]]
 +
* [http://secureartisan.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensics with a Focus on EnCase], by [[Paul Bobby]]
 +
* [http://www.crimemuseum.org/blog/ National Museum of Crime and Punishment-CSI/Forensics Blog]
 +
* [http://forensicsfromthesausagefactory.blogspot.com/ Forensics from the sausage factory]
 +
* [http://integriography.wordpress.com Computer Forensics Blog], by [[David Kovar]]
 +
* [http://jessekornblum.livejournal.com/ A Geek Raised by Wolves], by [[Jesse Kornblum]]
 +
* [http://computer-forensics.sans.org/blog SANS Computer Forensics and Incident Response Blog by SANS Institute]
 +
* [http://www.digitalforensicsource.com Digital Forensic Source]
 +
* [http://dfsforensics.blogspot.com/ Digital Forensics Solutions]
 +
* [http://forensicaliente.blogspot.com/ Forensicaliente]
 +
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/ A Fistful of Dongles]
 +
* [http://gleeda.blogspot.com/ JL's stuff]
 +
* [http://4n6k.blogspot.com/ 4n6k]
 +
* [http://justaskweg.com/ JustAskWeg], by [[Jimmy Weg]]
 +
* [http://blog.kiddaland.net/ IR and forensic talk], by [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]]
 +
* [http://c-skills.blogspot.ch/ c-skills], by [[Sebastian Krahmer]]
 +
* [http://sketchymoose.blogspot.ch/ Sketchymoose's Blog]
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/ All things forensic and security related], by [[Yogesh Khatri]]
 +
* [http://dan3lmi.blogspot.pt/ Dlog], by [[Daniela Elmi]]
  
=== Introduced in Windows NT ===  
+
=== Windows ===
* [[NTFS]]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/ ntdebugging - Advanced Windows Debugging and Troubleshooting]
  
=== Introduced in Windows 2000 ===  
+
== Dutch ==
  
=== Introduced in Windows XP ===
+
* [http://stam.blogs.com/8bits/ 8 bits], by [[Mark Stam]] (also contain English articles otherwise use [http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fstam.blogs.com%2F8bits%2Fforensisch%2Findex.html&langpair=nl%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8 Google translation])
* [[Prefetch]]
+
* System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME
+
  
==== SP2 ====
+
== French ==
* Windows Firewall
+
  
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2003 ===
+
* [http://forensics-dev.blogspot.com Forensics-dev] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fforensics-dev.blogspot.com%2F&langpair=fr%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
* Volume Shadow Copies
+
  
=== Introduced in [[Windows Vista]] ===
+
== German ==
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker]]
+
* [[Windows Desktop Search | Search]] integrated in operating system
+
* [[ReadyBoost]]
+
* [[SuperFetch]]
+
* [[NTFS|Transactional NTFS (TxF)]]
+
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)|Transactional Registry (TxR)]]
+
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes|Shadow Volumes]]; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
+
* $Recycle.Bin
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
+
* [[User Account Control (UAC)]]
+
  
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2008 ===
+
* [http://computer.forensikblog.de/ Computer Forensik Blog Gesamtausgabe], by [[Andreas Schuster]] ([http://computer.forensikblog.de/en/ English version])
 +
* [http://computer-forensik.org computer-forensik.org], by [[Alexander Geschonneck]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.computer-forensik.org&langpair=de%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
 +
* [http://henrikbecker.blogspot.com Digitale Beweisführung], by [[Henrik Becker]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fhenrikbecker.blogspot.com&langpair=de%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
  
=== Introduced in [[Windows 7]] ===
+
== Korean ==
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
+
* [http://forensic-proof.com/ Forensic-Proof], by 이름 : Kim Jinkook
* [[Jump Lists]]
+
* [[Sticky Notes]]
+
  
=== Introduced in [[Windows 8]] ===
+
== Spanish ==
* [[Windows File History | File History]]
+
* [[Windows Storage Spaces | Storage Spaces]]
+
* [[Search Charm History]]
+
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]; Was initially available in the Windows 8 server edition.
+
  
=== Introduced in Windows Server 2012 ===
+
* [http://www.forensic-es.org/blog forensic-es.org] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forensic-es.org%2Fblog&langpair=es%7Cen&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]
+
* [http://www.inforenses.com InForenseS], by [[Javier Pages]] ([http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.inforenses.com&langpair=es%7Cen&hl=es&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools Google translation])
 +
* [http://windowstips.wordpress.com El diario de Juanito]
 +
* [http://conexioninversa.blogspot.com Conexión inversa]
  
== Forensics ==
+
== Russian ==
  
=== Partition layout ===
+
* Group-IB: [http://notheft.ru/blogs/group-ib blog at notheft.ru], [http://www.securitylab.ru/blog/company/group-ib/ blog at securitylab.ru]
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
+
* at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
+
* at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
+
  
=== Filesystems ===
+
= Related blogs =
* [[FAT]], [[FAT|exFAT]]
+
* [[NTFS]]
+
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS) | ReFS]]
+
  
=== Recycle Bin ===
+
* [http://www.c64allstars.de C64Allstars Blog]
 +
* [http://www.emergentchaos.com/ Emergent Chaos], by [[Adam Shostack]]
 +
* [http://jeffjonas.typepad.com/ Inventor of NORA discusses privacy and all things digital], by [[Jeff Jonas]]
 +
* [http://www.cs.uno.edu/~golden/weblog Digital Forensics, Coffee, Benevolent Hacking], by [[Golden G. Richard III]]
  
==== RECYCLER ====
+
= Circles/Fora/Groups =
Used by Windows 2000, XP.
+
* [http://forensicfocus.com/ Forensic Focus]
Uses INFO2 file.
+
* [http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/win4n6 Yahoo! groups: win4n6 · Windows Forensic Analysis]
  
See: [http://www.cybersecurityinstitute.biz/downloads/INFO2.pdf]
+
= Tweets =
 +
* [http://twitter.com/#!/search/%23DFIR?q=%23DFIR #DFIR]
 +
* [http://twitter.com/#!/search/%23forensics #forensics]
  
==== $RECYCLE.BIN ====
+
= Tools =
Used by Windows Vista.
+
* [http://www2.opensourceforensics.org/ Open Source Digital Forensics]
Uses $I and $R files.
+
* [http://forensiccontrol.com/resources/free-software/ Free computer forensic tools]
 +
* [http://code.google.com/p/libyal/ Yet another library library (and tools)]
  
See: [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf]
+
= Challenges (and test images) =
 +
* [http://www.dc3.mil/challenge/ DC3 Challenges]
 +
* [http://testimages.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensics Test Images]
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/images-and-challenges Forensic Focus - Test Images and Forensic Challenges]
 +
* [https://www.honeynet.org/challenges/ Honeynet Project Challenges]
 +
* [http://testimages.wordpress.com/ Digital Forensic Test Images]
 +
* [http://secondlookforensics.com/linux-memory-images/ Second Look - Linux Memory Images]
 +
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/nullconctf2014/ NullconCTF2014]
 +
* [http://hackingexposedcomputerforensicsblog.blogspot.ch/2014/03/daily-blog-277-sample-forensic-images.html Daily Blog #277: Sample Forensic Images]
  
=== Registry ===
+
= Conferences =
 +
See: [[:Category:Conferences|Conferences]]
  
The [[Windows Registry]] is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic [[investigator]]s.
+
[[Category:Further information]]
 
+
=== Thumbs.db Files ===
+
 
+
[[Thumbs.db]] files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the [[investigator]].
+
 
+
See also: [[Vista thumbcache]].
+
 
+
=== Browser Cache ===
+
 
+
=== Browser History ===
+
 
+
The [[Web Browser History]] files can contain significant information. The default [[Web browser|web browser]] that comes with Windows is [[Internet Explorer|Microsoft Internet Explorer]] but other common browsers on Windows are [[Apple Safari]], [[Google Chrome]], [[Mozilla Firefox]] and [[Opera]].
+
 
+
=== Search ===
+
See [[Windows Desktop Search]]
+
 
+
=== Setup log files (setupapi.log) ===
+
Windows Vista introduced several setup log files [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521].
+
 
+
=== Sleep/Hibernation ===
+
 
+
After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
+
 
+
=== Users ===
+
Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
+
<pre>
+
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList
+
</pre>
+
 
+
The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
+
 
+
=== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ===
+
 
+
As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:
+
<pre>
+
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
+
</pre>
+
 
+
As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:
+
<pre>
+
C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
+
</pre>
+
 
+
Corresponding registry key:
+
<pre>
+
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives ==
+
Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see [[Advanced Format]].
+
 
+
== %SystemRoot% ==
+
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
+
<pre>
+
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
+
Value: SystemRoot
+
</pre>
+
 
+
== See Also ==
+
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]]
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
+
* [[Windows Vista]]
+
* [[Windows 7]]
+
* [[Windows 8]]
+
 
+
== External Links ==
+
 
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows]
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations]
+
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by [[Mitchell Machor]], 2008
+
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/2013/02/microsoft-file-system-tunneling.html?m=1 Microsoft Windows File System Tunneling], by [[Eric Huber]], February 24, 2013
+
* [http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/Spotting_the_Adversary_with_Windows_Event_Log_Monitoring.pdf Spotting the Adversary with Windows Event Log Monitoring], by National Security Agency/Central Security Service, February 28, 2013
+
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2014/04/search-history-on-windows-8-and-81.html?m=1 Search history on Windows 8 and 8.1], by [[Yogesh Khatri's]], April 1, 2014
+
 
+
=== Malware/Rootkits ===
+
* [http://forensicmethods.com/inside-windows-rootkits Inside Windows Rootkits], by [[Chad Tilbury]], September 4, 2013
+
 
+
=== Program execution ===
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/2013/07/howto-determine-program-execution.html HowTo: Determine Program Execution], by [[Harlan Carvey]], July 06, 2013
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.com/2014/01/it-is-all-about-program-execution.html It Is All About Program Execution], by [[Corey Harrell]], January 14, 2014
+
* [http://sysforensics.org/2014/01/know-your-windows-processes.html Know your Windows Processes or Die Trying], by [[Patrick Olsen]], January 18, 2014
+
 
+
=== Tracking removable media ===
+
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2012/08/tracking-usb-first-insertion-in-event.html Tracking USB First insertion in Event logs], by Yogesh Khatri, August 18, 2012
+
 
+
=== Under the hood ===
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366533(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Comparing Memory Allocation Methods], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/archive/2007/06/28/how-windows-starts-up-part-the-second.aspx How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa375142.aspx DLL/COM Redirection]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms682586(v=vs.85).aspx Dynamic-Link Library Search Order]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2004/04/28/121871.aspx Image File Execution Options]
+
 
+
==== MSI ====
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/heaths/archive/2009/02/02/changes-to-package-caching-in-windows-installer-5-0.aspx?Redirected=true Changes to Package Caching in Windows Installer 5.0], by Heath Stewart, February 2, 2009
+
* [http://blog.didierstevens.com/2013/07/26/msi-the-case-of-the-invalid-signature/ MSI: The Case Of The Invalid Signature], by Didier Stevens, July 26, 2013
+
 
+
==== Side-by-side (WinSxS) ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side-by-side_assembly Wikipedia: Side-by-side assembly]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374224.aspx Assembly Searching Sequence]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2007/06/26/rt-manifest-resource-and-isolation-aware-enabled.aspx RT_MANIFEST resource, and ISOLATION_AWARE_ENABLED]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd408052(v=vs.85).aspx Isolated Applications and Side-by-side Assemblies]
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/01/24/517221.aspx#531208 DotLocal (.local) Dll Redirection], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], January 24, 2006
+
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/04/14/576314.aspx Diagnosing SideBySide failures], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], April 14, 2006
+
* [http://omnicognate.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/winsxs/ EVERYTHING YOU NEVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT WINSXS]
+
 
+
==== Application Experience and Compatibility ====
+
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd837644(v=ws.10).aspx Technet: Understanding Shims], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb432182(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Application Compatibility Database], by [[Microsoft]]
+
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=39 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 20, 2007
+
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=40 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 21, 2007
+
* [https://dl.mandiant.com/EE/library/Whitepaper_ShimCacheParser.pdf Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations], by [[Andrew Davis]], May 4, 2012
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-recentfilecachebcf-file.html Revealing the RecentFileCache.bcf File], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 2, 2013
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2013/12/revealing-program-compatibility.html Revealing Program Compatibility Assistant HKCU AppCompatFlags Registry Keys], by [[Corey Harrell]], December 17, 2013
+
 
+
==== System Restore (Restore Points) ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Restore Wikipedia: System Restore]
+
* [http://www.stevebunting.org/udpd4n6/forensics/restorepoints.htm Restore Point Forensics], by [[Steve Bunting]]
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2007/06/restore-point-analysis.html Restore Point Analysis], by [[Harlan Carvey]],  June 16, 2007
+
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2006/10/restore-point-forensics.html Restore Point Forensics], by [[Harlan Carvey]], October 20, 2006
+
* [http://www.ediscovery.co.nz/wip/srp.html System Restore Point Log Decoding]
+
 
+
==== Crash dumps ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Technet: Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315263 MSDN: How to read the small memory dump file that is created by Windows if a crash occurs], by [[Microsoft]]
+
 
+
==== RPC ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/10/24/rpc-to-go-v-1.aspx RPC to Go v.1], by Michael Platts, October 24, 2008
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/networking/archive/2008/12/04/rpc-to-go-v-2.aspx RPC to Go v.2], by Michael Platts, December 4, 2008
+
 
+
==== User Account Control (UAC) ====
+
* [http://blog.strategiccyber.com/2014/03/20/user-account-control-what-penetration-testers-should-know/ User Account Control – What Penetration Testers Should Know], by Raphael Mudge, March 20, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Event Logs ====
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/03/exploring-program-inventory-event-log.html Exploring the Program Inventory Event Log], by [[Corey Harrell]], March 24, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Scripting Host ====
+
* [https://www.mandiant.com/blog/ground-windows-scripting-host-wsh/ Going To Ground with The Windows Scripting Host (WSH)], by Devon Kerr, February 19, 2014
+
 
+
==== USB ====
+
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USBKEY-Guide.pdf USBKEY Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
+
* [https://blogs.sans.org/computer-forensics/files/2009/09/USB_Drive_Enclosure-Guide.pdf USB Drive Enclosure Guide], by [[SANS | SANS Institute - Digital Forensics and Incident Response]], September 2009
+
 
+
==== WMI ====
+
* [http://www.trendmicro.com/cloud-content/us/pdfs/security-intelligence/white-papers/wp__understanding-wmi-malware.pdf Understanding WMI Malware], by Julius Dizon, Lennard Galang, and Marvin Cruz, July 2010
+
 
+
==== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ====
+
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
+
* [http://journeyintoir.blogspot.ch/2014/02/exploring-windows-error-reporting.html Exploring Windows Error Reporting], by [[Corey Harrell]], February 24, 2014
+
 
+
==== Windows Firewall ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Firewall Wikipedia: Windows Firewall]
+
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc737845(v=ws.10).aspx#BKMK_log Windows Firewall Tools and Settings]
+
 
+
==== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ====
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WoW64 Wikipedia: WoW64]
+
 
+
=== Windows XP ===
+
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q308549 Description of Windows XP System Information (Msinfo32.exe) Tool]
+
 
+
[[Category:Operating systems]]
+

Revision as of 19:36, 2 April 2014

Computer forensics related resources like: blogs, fora, tweets, tools and challenges (and test images).

Blogs

English

Windows

Dutch

French

German

Korean

Spanish

Russian

Related blogs

Circles/Fora/Groups

Tweets

Tools

Challenges (and test images)

Conferences

See: Conferences