Difference between pages "Upcoming events" and "Windows"

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<b>PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU EDIT THE LISTS BELOW</b><br>
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{{Expand}}
Events should be posted in the correct section, and in date order.  An event should NEVER be listed in more than one section (i.e. Ongoing/Continuous events should not be listed in Scheduled Training).  When events begin the same day, events of a longer length should be listed first.  New postings of events with the same date(s) as other events should be added after events already in the list. If a provider offers the same event at several locations simultaneously, the listing should have a single (ONE) entry in the list with the date(s) and ALL locations for the event. Please use three-letter month abbreviations (i.e. Sep, NOT Sept. or September), use two digit dates (i.e. Jan 01 NOT Jan 1), and use date ranges rather than listing every date during an event(i.e. Jan 02-05, NOT Jan 02, 03, 04, 05).<br>
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<i>Some conferences or training opportunities may be <u>limited</u> to <b>Law Enforcement Only</b> or to a specific audience.  Such restrictions should be noted when known.</i>
+
  
This is a BY DATE listing of upcoming conferences and training events relevant to [[digital forensics]].  It is not an all inclusive list, but includes most well-known activities.  Some events may duplicate events on the generic [[conferences]] page, but entries in this list have specific dates and locations for the upcoming event.
+
'''Windows''' is a widely-spread [[operating system]] from [[Microsoft]].
  
This listing is divided into four sections (described as follows):<br>
+
There are 2 main branches of Windows:
<ol><li><b><u>Calls For Papers</u></b> - Calls for papers for either Journals or for Conferences, relevant to Digital Forensics (Name, Closing Date, URL)</li><br>
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* the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
<li><b><u>Conferences</u></b> - Conferences relevant for Digital Forensics (Name, Date, Location, URL)</li><br>
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* the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista
<li><b><u>On-Going / Continuous Training</u></b> - Training opportunities that are either always available online/distance learning format or that are offered the same time every month (Name, date-if applicable, URL)</li><br>
+
<li><b><u>[[Scheduled Training Courses]]</u></b> - Training Classes/Courses that are scheduled for specific dates/locations. This would include online (or distance learning format) courses which begin on specific dates, instead of the "start anytime" courses listed in the previous section. (Name, Date(s), Location(s), URL) (''note: this has been moved to its own page.'')<br></li></ol>
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The Conference and Training List is provided by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) Digital and Multi-media Listserv.
+
== Features ==
<i> (Subscribe by sending an email to listserv@lists.mitre.org with message body containing SUBSCRIBE AAFS-DIGITAL-MULTIMEDIA-LIST)</i>
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* Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa363785(v=vs.85).aspx]
Requests for additions, deletions or corrections to this list may be sent by email to David Baker <i>(bakerd AT mitre.org)</i>.
+
  
== Calls For Papers ==
+
=== Introduced in Windows NT ===  
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
* [[NTFS]]
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! Title
+
! Due Date
+
! Website
+
|-
+
|2nd Small Scale Digital Device Forensics Journal
+
|Oct 31, 2007
+
|http://ssddfj.org/submit.asp
+
|-
+
|International Association of Forensic Science Annual Meeting
+
|Jan 01, 2008
+
|http://www.iafs2008.com/abstracts/intro.asp
+
|-
+
|Usenix Annual Technical Conference
+
|Jan 07, 2008 (11:59PM PST)
+
|http://www.usenix.com/events/usenix08/cfp/
+
|-
+
|6th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security
+
|Jan 14, 2008 (11:59PM EST)
+
|http://acns2008.cs.columbia.edu/cfp.html
+
|-
+
|Techno-Security 2008
+
|May 04, 2008
+
|http://www.techsec.com/html/TechnoPapers.html
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
== Conferences ==
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2000 ===  
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! Title
+
! Date/Location
+
! Website
+
|-
+
|6th Annual Internet Crimes Against Children National Conference
+
|Oct 15-18, San Jose, CA
+
|http://www.icactraining.org/website/registration.html
+
|-
+
|HTCIA Austin Fall Chapter Training Conference
+
|Oct 16, Austin, TX
+
|http://www.austin-htcia.org/
+
|-
+
|ToorCon 9
+
|Oct 19-21, San Diego, CA
+
|http://toorcon.org/intro.php
+
|-
+
|BlackHat Japan - Briefings
+
|Oct 23-26, Tokyo, Japan
+
|http://www.blackhat.com/html/bh-japan-07/bh-jp-07-main.html
+
|-
+
|Global Conference on Economic and High-Tech Crime (Open to all)
+
|Oct 24-26, Crystal City, VA
+
|https://conference.nw3c.org/index.cfm
+
|-
+
|European Network Forensic and Security Conference 2007
+
|Oct 24-26,  Zuyd University, Heerlen, Netherlands
+
|http://www.enfsc2007.com/
+
|-
+
|Techno-Forensics Conference
+
|Oct 29 - 31, Rockville, MD
+
|http://www.techsec.com/html/TechnoForensics2007.html
+
|-
+
|Computer Security Institute Annual Meeting
+
|Nov 03-09, Arlington, VA
+
|http://www.csiannual.com/
+
|-
+
|First Forensic Forum Conference (F3 Conference)
+
|Nov 03-05, Tortworth, England
+
|http://www.f3.org.uk/
+
|-
+
|DeepSec IDSC
+
|Nov 22-24, Vienna, Austria
+
|http://deepsec.net/
+
|-
+
|Digital Forensic Forum Prague 2007
+
|Nov 26-27, Prague, Czech Republic
+
|http://www.dff-prague.com/
+
|-
+
|PacSec Applied Security Conference
+
|Nov 29-30, Tokyo, Japan
+
|http://www.pacsec.jp/index.html
+
|-
+
|5th Australian Digital Forensics Conference
+
|Dec 03, Edith Cowan University, Mount Lawley, WA, Australia
+
|http://scissec.scis.ecu.edu.au/conferences2007/index.php?cf=1
+
|-
+
|HTCIA Asia Pacific Training Conference 2007
+
|Dec 12-14, Hong Kong
+
|http://2007.htcia.org.hk
+
|-
+
|SANS Security 2008
+
|Jan 11-19, New Orleans, LA
+
|http://www.sans.org/security08/
+
|-
+
|DoD Cyber Crime Conference 2008
+
|Jan 13-18, St. Louis, MO
+
|http://www.dodcybercrime.com/
+
|-
+
|4th Annual IFIP WG 11.9 International Conference on Digital Forensics
+
|Jan 27-30, Kyoto, Japan
+
|http://www.ifip119-kyoto.org/doku.php
+
|-
+
|AAFS Annual Meeting 2008
+
|Feb 18-23, Washington, DC
+
|http://aafs.org/default.asp?section_id=meetings&page_id=aafs_annual_meeting
+
|-
+
|CanSecWest Security Conference 2008
+
|Mar 19-21, Vanouver, BC, Canada
+
|http://cansecwest.com/
+
|-
+
|EuSecWest Security Conference 2008
+
|May 21-22, London, England
+
|http://eusecwest.com/
+
|-
+
|Techno-Security 2008
+
|Jun 01-04, Myrtle Beach, SC
+
|http://www.techsec.com/html/Techno2008.html
+
|-
+
|6th International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security
+
|Jun 03-06, Columbia University, New York City, NY
+
|http://acns2008.cs.columbia.edu/
+
|-
+
|Usenix Annual Technical Conference
+
|Jun 22-27, Boston, MA
+
|http://www.usenix.com/events/usenix08/
+
|-
+
|International Association of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting
+
|Jul 21-26, New Orleans, LA
+
|http://www.iafs2008.com/
+
|-
+
|Digital Forensic Research Workshop
+
|Aug 11-13, Baltimore, MD
+
|http://www.dfrws.org
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
== On-going / Continuous Training ==
+
=== Introduced in Windows XP ===
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
* [[Prefetch]]
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
* System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME
! Title
+
 
! Date/Location or Venue
+
==== SP2 ====
! Website
+
* Windows Firewall
|-
+
 
|Basic Computer Examiner Course - Computer Forensic Training Online
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2003 (Server) ===
|Distance Learning Format
+
* Volume Shadow Copies
|http://www.cftco.com
+
 
|-
+
=== Introduced in Windows Vista ===
|Linux Data Forensics Training
+
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker]]
|Distance Learning Format
+
* [[Windows Desktop Search | Search]] integrated in operating system
|http://www.crazytrain.com/training.html
+
* [[SuperFetch]]
|-
+
* [[NTFS|Transactional NTFS (TxF)]]
|SANS On-Demand Training
+
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)|Transactional Registry (TxR)]]
|Distance Learning Format
+
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes|Shadow Volumes]]; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
|http://www.sans.org/ondemand/?portal=69456f95660ade45be29c00b0c14aea1
+
* $Recycle.Bin
|-
+
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
|MaresWare Suite Training
+
* [[User Account Control (UAC)]]
|First full week every month, Atlanta, GA
+
 
|http://www.maresware.com/maresware/training/maresware.htm
+
=== Introduced in Windows 2008 (Server) ===  
|-
+
 
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Vista&trade;
+
=== Introduced in Windows 7 ===
|First full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
* [[Jump Lists]]
|-
+
* [[Sticky Notes]]
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Server&reg; 2003 R2
+
 
|Second full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
=== Introduced in Windows 8 ===
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
* [[Windows Shadow Volumes | File History]]
|-
+
* [[Windows Storage Spaces | Storage Spaces]]
|Evidence Recovery for the Windows XP&trade; operating system
+
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS)]]; server edition will likely be available in Windows Server 2012
|Third full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
 
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
== Forensics ==
|-
+
 
|Computer Forensics Training and CCE&trade; Testing for Litigation Support Professionals
+
=== Partition layout ===
|Third weekend of every month (Fri-Mon), Dallas, TX
+
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
|http://www.md5group.com
+
* at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
|-
+
* at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
|}
+
 
==[[Scheduled Training Courses]]==
+
=== Filesystems ===
 +
* [[FAT]], [[FAT|exFAT]]
 +
* [[NTFS]]
 +
* [[Resilient File System (ReFS) | ReFS]]
 +
 
 +
=== Recycle Bin ===
 +
 
 +
==== RECYCLER ====
 +
Used by Windows 2000, XP.
 +
Uses INFO2 file.
 +
 
 +
See: [http://www.cybersecurityinstitute.biz/downloads/INFO2.pdf]
 +
 
 +
==== $RECYCLE.BIN ====
 +
Used by Windows Vista.
 +
Uses $I and $R files.
 +
 
 +
See: [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf]
 +
 
 +
=== Registry ===
 +
 
 +
The [[Windows Registry]] is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic [[investigator]]s.
 +
 
 +
=== Thumbs.db Files ===
 +
 
 +
[[Thumbs.db]] files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the [[investigator]].
 +
 
 +
See also: [[Vista thumbcache]].
 +
 
 +
=== Browser Cache ===
 +
 
 +
=== Browser History ===
 +
 
 +
The [[Web Browser History]] files can contain significant information. The default [[Web browser|web browser]] that comes with Windows is [[Internet Explorer|Microsoft Internet Explorer]] but other common browsers on Windows are [[Apple Safari]], [[Google Chrome]], [[Mozilla Firefox]] and [[Opera]].
 +
 
 +
=== Search ===
 +
See [[Windows Desktop Search]]
 +
 
 +
=== Setup log files (setupapi.log) ===
 +
Windows Vista introduced several setup log files [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521].
 +
 
 +
=== Sleep/Hibernation ===
 +
 
 +
After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
 +
 
 +
=== Users ===
 +
Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
 +
<pre>
 +
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
 +
 
 +
=== Windows Error Reporting (WER) ===
 +
 
 +
As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:
 +
<pre>
 +
C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Corresponding registry key:
 +
<pre>
 +
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives ==
 +
Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see [[Advanced Format]].
 +
 
 +
== %SystemRoot% ==
 +
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
 +
<pre>
 +
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
 +
Value: SystemRoot
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]]
 +
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
 
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows]
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/927521 Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations]
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-vista-recycle-bin.pdf The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin], by [[Mitchell Machor]], 2008
 +
* [http://www.ericjhuber.com/2013/02/microsoft-file-system-tunneling.html?m=1 Microsoft Windows File System Tunneling], by [[Eric Huber]], February 24, 2013
 +
* [http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/Spotting_the_Adversary_with_Windows_Event_Log_Monitoring.pdf Spotting the Adversary with Windows Event Log Monitoring], by National Security Agency/Central Security Service, February 28, 2013
 +
 
 +
=== Under the hood ===
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366533(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Comparing Memory Allocation Methods], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ntdebugging/archive/2007/06/28/how-windows-starts-up-part-the-second.aspx How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa375142.aspx DLL/COM Redirection]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms682586(v=vs.85).aspx Dynamic-Link Library Search Order]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2004/04/28/121871.aspx Image File Execution Options]
 +
 
 +
=== MSI ===
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/heaths/archive/2009/02/02/changes-to-package-caching-in-windows-installer-5-0.aspx?Redirected=true Changes to Package Caching in Windows Installer 5.0], by Heath Stewart, February 2, 2009
 +
* [http://blog.didierstevens.com/2013/07/26/msi-the-case-of-the-invalid-signature/ MSI: The Case Of The Invalid Signature], by Didier Stevens, July 26, 2013
 +
 
 +
=== Side-by-side (WinSxS) ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Side-by-side_assembly Wikipedia: Side-by-side assembly]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa374224.aspx Assembly Searching Sequence]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2007/06/26/rt-manifest-resource-and-isolation-aware-enabled.aspx RT_MANIFEST resource, and ISOLATION_AWARE_ENABLED]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dd408052(v=vs.85).aspx Isolated Applications and Side-by-side Assemblies]
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/01/24/517221.aspx#531208 DotLocal (.local) Dll Redirection], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], January 24, 2006
 +
* [http://blogs.msdn.com/b/junfeng/archive/2006/04/14/576314.aspx Diagnosing SideBySide failures], by [[Junfeng Zhang]], April 14, 2006
 +
* [http://omnicognate.wordpress.com/2009/10/05/winsxs/ EVERYTHING YOU NEVER WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT WINSXS]
 +
 
 +
=== Application Compatibility Database ===
 +
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd837644(v=ws.10).aspx Technet: Understanding Shims], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb432182(v=vs.85).aspx MSDN: Application Compatibility Database], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=39 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 20, 2007
 +
* [http://www.alex-ionescu.com/?p=40 Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2], by [[Alex Ionescu]], May 21, 2007
 +
* [http://fred.mandiant.com/Whitepaper_ShimCacheParser.pdf Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations], by [[Andrew Davis]], May 4, 2012
 +
 
 +
=== System Restore (Restore Points) ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_Restore Wikipedia: System Restore]
 +
* [http://www.stevebunting.org/udpd4n6/forensics/restorepoints.htm Restore Point Forensics], by [[Steve Bunting]]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2007/06/restore-point-analysis.html Restore Point Analysis], by [[Harlan Carvey]],  June 16, 2007
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2006/10/restore-point-forensics.html Restore Point Forensics], by [[Harlan Carvey]], October 20, 2006
 +
* [http://www.ediscovery.co.nz/wip/srp.html System Restore Point Log Decoding]
 +
 
 +
=== Tracking removable media ===
 +
* [http://www.swiftforensics.com/2012/08/tracking-usb-first-insertion-in-event.html Tracking USB First insertion in Event logs], by Yogesh Khatri, August 18, 2012
 +
 
 +
=== Crash dumps ===
 +
* [http://blogs.technet.com/b/yongrhee/archive/2010/12/29/drwtsn32-on-windows-vista-windows-server-2008-windows-7-windows-server-2008-r2.aspx Technet: Drwtsn32 on Windows Vista/Windows Server 2008/Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2], by Yong Rhee, December 29, 2010
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315263 MSDN: How to read the small memory dump file that is created by Windows if a crash occurs], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
 
 +
=== ReadyBoost ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ReadyBoost Wikipedia: ReadyBoost]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.ch/2013/04/plugin-emdmgmt.html Plugin: EMDMgmt], by [[Harlan Carvey]], April 05, 2013
 +
* [http://hackingexposedcomputerforensicsblog.blogspot.ch/2013/08/daily-blog-65-understanding-artifacts.html Understanding the artifacts EMDMgmt], by [[David Cowen]], August 27, 2013
 +
 
 +
=== Windows Firewall ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Firewall Wikipedia: Windows Firewall]
 +
* [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc737845(v=ws.10).aspx#BKMK_log Windows Firewall Tools and Settings]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WoW64 Wikipedia: WoW64]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows XP ===
 +
* [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/q308549 Description of Windows XP System Information (Msinfo32.exe) Tool]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows 8 ===
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Features_new_to_Windows_8 Features new to Windows 8], Wikipedia
 +
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics Windows 8 Forensics - part 1]
 +
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics-part-2 Windows 8 Forensics - part 2]
 +
* [http://computerforensics.champlain.edu/blog/windows-8-forensics-part-3 Windows 8 Forensics - part 3]
 +
* [http://propellerheadforensics.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/thomson_windows-8-forensic-guide2.pdf Windows 8 Forensic Guide], by [[Amanda Thomson|Amanda C. F. Thomson]], 2012
 +
* [http://forensicfocus.com/Forums/viewtopic/t=9604/ Forensic Focus: Windows 8 Forensics - A First Look], [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhCooEz9FQs&feature=youtu.be Presentation], [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/windows-8-forensics-josh-brunty.pdf Slides], by [[Josh Brunty]], August 2012
 +
* [http://dfstream.blogspot.ch/2013/03/windows-8-tracking-opened-photos.html Windows 8: Tracking Opened Photos], by [[Jason Hale]], March 8, 2013
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]

Revision as of 01:32, 3 September 2013

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Windows is a widely-spread operating system from Microsoft.

There are 2 main branches of Windows:

  • the DOS-branch: i.e. Windows 95, 98, ME
  • the NT-branch: i.e. Windows NT 4, XP, Vista

Features

  • Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: [1]

Introduced in Windows NT

Introduced in Windows 2000

Introduced in Windows XP

  • Prefetch
  • System Restore (Restore Points); also present in Windows ME

SP2

  • Windows Firewall

Introduced in Windows 2003 (Server)

  • Volume Shadow Copies

Introduced in Windows Vista

Introduced in Windows 2008 (Server)

Introduced in Windows 7

Introduced in Windows 8

Forensics

Partition layout

Default partition layout, first partition starts:

  • at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
  • at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7

Filesystems

Recycle Bin

RECYCLER

Used by Windows 2000, XP. Uses INFO2 file.

See: [2]

$RECYCLE.BIN

Used by Windows Vista. Uses $I and $R files.

See: [3]

Registry

The Windows Registry is a database of keys and values that provides a wealth of information to forensic investigators.

Thumbs.db Files

Thumbs.db files can be found on many Windows systems. They contain thumbnails of images or documents and can be of great value for the investigator.

See also: Vista thumbcache.

Browser Cache

Browser History

The Web Browser History files can contain significant information. The default web browser that comes with Windows is Microsoft Internet Explorer but other common browsers on Windows are Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Opera.

Search

See Windows Desktop Search

Setup log files (setupapi.log)

Windows Vista introduced several setup log files [4].

Sleep/Hibernation

After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.

Users

Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList

The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.

Windows Error Reporting (WER)

As of Vista, for User Access Control (UAC) elevated applications WER reports can be found in:

C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\WER\

As of Vista, for non-UAC elevated applications (LUA) WER reports can be found in:

C:\Users\%UserName%\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\WER\

Corresponding registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\Windows Error Reporting

Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives

Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see Advanced Format.

%SystemRoot%

The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:

Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\
Value: SystemRoot

See Also

External Links

Under the hood

MSI

Side-by-side (WinSxS)

Application Compatibility Database

System Restore (Restore Points)

Tracking removable media

Crash dumps

ReadyBoost

Windows Firewall

Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64)

Windows XP

Windows 8