Difference between revisions of "Gzip"

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Revision as of 01:49, 28 November 2013

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Contents

File format

The gzip file (.gz) format consists of:

  • a file header
  • optional extra headers, such as the original file name,
  • a body, containing a DEFLATE-compressed payload
  • an 8-byte footer, containing a CRC-32 checksum and the length of the original uncompressed data.

File header

The file header is 10 bytes in size and contains:

Offset Size Value Description
0 2 0x1f 0x8b Signature (or identification byte 1 and 2)
2 1 Compression Method
3 1 Flags
4 4 Last modification time
Contains a POSIX timestamp.
8 1 Extra flags
9 1 Operating system
Value that indicates on which operating system the gzip file was created.

Compression method

Value Identifier Description
0 - 7 Reserved
8 "deflate" zlib compressed data

Flags

Value Identifier Description
0x01 FTEXT If set the uncompressed data needs to be treated as text instead of binary data.
This flag hints end-of-line conversion for cross-platform text files but does not enforce it.
0x02 FHCRC The file contains a header checksum (CRC16)
0x04 FEXTRA
0x08 FNAME The file contains an original file name string
0x10 FCOMMENT
0x20 Reserved
0x40 Reserved
0x80 Reserved

Extra flags

If compression method is 8 the following extra flags can be defined:

Value Identifier Description
0x02 compressor used maximum compression, slowest algorithm
0x04 compressor used fastest algorithm

Operating System

Value Identifier Description
0 FAT filesystem (MS-DOS, OS/2, NT/Win32)
1 Amiga
2 VMS (or OpenVMS)
3 Unix
4 VM/CMS
5 Atari TOS
6 HPFS filesystem (OS/2, NT)
7 Macintosh
8 Z-System
9 CP/M
10 TOPS-20
11 NTFS filesystem (NT)
12 QDOS
13 Acorn RISCOS
255 unknown

External Links