Difference between pages "Tools:Data Recovery" and "Jump Lists"

From ForensicsWiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Carving)
 
 
Line 1: Line 1:
= Partition Recovery =
+
{{expand}}
 +
'''Jump Lists''' are a feature found in Windows 7.
  
*[http://www.stellarinfo.com/recover-windows-nt.htm NTFS Partition Recovery]
+
== Jump Lists ==
: Stellar NTFS Data Recovery Software to recover data from Windows based NTFS/NTFS5 file systems
+
Jump Lists are a new Windows 7 Taskbar feature that gives the user quick access to recently accessed application files and actions.  Jump Lists come in two flavors, automatic (autodest, or *.automaticDestinations-ms) and custom (custdest, or *.customDestinations-ms) files. Autodest files are created by the operating system
  
*[http://www.infinadyne.com/cddvd_diagnostic.html CD/DVD Diagnostic]
+
Jump Lists are located in the user profile path, in the C:\Users\''user''\Recent folder. Autodest Jump Lists are located in the automaticDestinations subdirectory, and custdest files are located in the customDestinations subdirectory.
: Recover data and video from CDs/DVDs/Blu-Ray.  This is specifically not for forensic purposes but for data recovery.  A different tool called CD/DVD Inspector is for forensic examination of optical media.
+
  
*[http://www.ptdd.com/index.htm Partition Table Doctor]
+
''Author's Note'': Jump Lists can prove to be considerably valuable during an examination, as the files appear (in limited testing) to persist after the application itself is removed from the system.  In one test, iTunes 10 was installed on a 64-bit Windows 7 system, and two audio files (i.e., [http://www.cyberspeak.libsyn.com: CyberSpeak podcasts]) were launched via iTunes.  The Jump Lists persisted after the iTunes was removed from the system.
: Recover deleted or lost partitions (FAT16/FAT32/NTFS/NTFS5/EXT2/EXT3/SWAP).
+
  
*[http://www.diskinternals.com/ntfs-recovery/ NTFS Recovery]
+
=== AutomaticDestinations ===
: DiskInternals NTFS Recovery is a fully automatic utility that recovers data from damaged or formatted disks.
+
Path: C:\Users\user\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent\AutomaticDestinations<br>
 +
Files: *.automaticDestinations-ms
  
*[http://www.stud.uni-hannover.de/user/76201/gpart/ gpart]
+
'''Structure'''<br>
: Gpart is a tool which tries to guess the primary partition table of a PC-type hard disk in case the primary partition table in sector 0 is damaged, incorrect or deleted.
+
The autodest files follow the [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd942138%28v=prot.13%29.aspx: MS-CFB] compound file binary format specification. Each of the numbered streams within the file follows the [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd871305%28v=prot.13%29.aspx: MS-SHLLINK] binary format specification.
 +
<p>
 +
The autodest files also contain a stream named "DestList" which acts as a most recently/frequently used (MRU/MFU) list.  This stream consists of a 32-byte header, followed by the various structures that correspond to each of the individual numbered streams.  Each of these structures is 114 bytes in size, followed by a variable length Unicode string. The first 114 bytes of the structure contains the following information at the corresponding offsets:
  
*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk TestDisk]
+
<table border="1">
: [[TestDisk]] is an OpenSource software and is licensed under the GNU Public License (GPL).
+
<tr> <th>Offset</th> <th>Size</th> <th>Description</th> </tr>
 +
<tr> <td>0x48</td> <td>16 bytes</td> <td>NetBIOS name of the system; padded with zeros to 16 bytes</td> </tr>
 +
<tr> <td>0x58</td> <td>8 bytes</td> <td>Stream number; corresponds to the numbered stream within the jump list</td> </tr>
 +
<tr> <td>0x64</td> <td>8 bytes</td> <td>[http://support.microsoft.com/kb/188768: FILETIME] object</td> </tr>
 +
<tr> <td>0x70</td> <td>2 bytes</td> <td>Number of Unicode characters in the string that follows </td> </tr>
 +
</table>
  
*[http://www.stellarinfo.com/partition-recovery.htm Partition Recovery Software]
+
=== CustomDestinations ===
: Partition Recovery software for NTFS & FAT system that examines lost windows partition of damaged and corrupted hard drive.
+
Path: C:\Users\user\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent\CustomDestinations<br>
 +
Files: *.customDestinations-ms
  
== See Also ==
+
'''Structure'''<br>
 +
Custdest files reportedly follow a structure of sequential [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd871305%28v=prot.13%29.aspx: MS-SHLLINK] binary format segments.
  
* [http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=166997 Using Norton Disk Edit to Backup Your Master Boot Record]
+
=== Tools ===
 +
* Autodest files can be opened in tools such as the [http://mitec.cz/ssv.html: MiTec Structured Storage Viewer], and each of the streams individually/manually extracted.  Each of the extracted numbered streams can then be viewed via the [http://mitec.cz/wfa.html: Windows File Analyzer].
 +
* Another approach would be to use Mark Woan's [http://www.woanware.co.uk/?p=265: JumpLister] tool to view the information within the numbered streams of each autodest file.
 +
* TZWorks LLC [http://tzworks.net/prototype_page.php?proto_id=20 Jump List Parser (jmp)] also has a tool that can parse both the custom and automatic Destinations type files.  For automaticDestinations it associates the MRU/MFU metadata with that of the SHLLINK metadata. There are versions of the tool that can run in Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X.
  
== Notes ==
+
== See also ==
 +
* [[List of Jump List IDs]]
 +
* [[Windows]]
  
* "fdisk /mbr" restores the boot code in the [[Master Boot Record]], but not the partition itself. On newer versions of Windows you should use fixmbr, bootrec, mbrfix, or [[MBRWizard]]. You can also extract a copy of the specific standard MBR code from tools like bootrec.exe and diskpart.exe in Windows (from various offsets) and copy it to disk with dd (Use bs=446 count=1). For Windows XP SP2 c:\%WINDIR%\System32\diskpart.exe the MBR code is found between offset 1b818h and 1ba17h.
+
== External Links ===
  
= Data Recovery =
+
[[Category:Windows]]
The term "Data Recovery" is frequently used to mean forensic recovery, but the term really should be used for recovering data from damaged media.
+
 
+
* [http://www.stellarinfo.com/ Stellar Data Recovery]
+
: Data recovery software services & tools to recover lost data from hard drive.
+
 
+
*[http://www.salvationdata.com/data-recovery-equipment/hd-doctor.htm HD Doctor Suite]
+
: HD Doctor Suite is a set of professional tools used to fix firmware problem
+
 
+
*[http://www.salvationdata.com SalvationDATA]
+
: Claims to have a program that can read the "bad blocks" of Maxtor drives with proprietary commands.
+
 
+
*[http://www.toolsthatwork.com/bringback.htm BringBack]
+
: BringBack offers easy to use, inexpensive, and highly successful data recovery for Windows and Linux (ext2) operating systems and digital images stored on memory cards, etc.
+
 
+
*[http://www.runtime.org/raid.htm RAID Reconstructor]
+
: Runtime Software's RAID Reconstructor will reconstruct RAID Level 0 (Striping) and RAID Level 5 drives.
+
 
+
* [http://www.e-rol.com/en/ e-ROL]
+
: Erol allows you to recover through the internet files erased by mistake. Recover your files online for free.
+
 
+
* [http://www.recuva.com/ Recuva]
+
: Recuva is a freeware Windows tool that will recover accidentally deleted files.
+
 
+
* [http://www.snapfiles.com/get/restoration.html Restoration]
+
: Restoration is a freeware Windows software that will allow you to recover deleted files
+
 
+
* [http://www.undelete-plus.com/ Undelete Plus]
+
: Undelete Plus is a free deleted file recovery tool that works for all versions of Windows (95-Vista), FAT12/16/32, NTFS and NTFS5 filesystems and can perform recovery on various solid state devices.
+
 
+
* [http://www.data-recovery-software.net/ R-Studio]
+
: R-Studio is a data recovery software suite that can recover files from FAT(12-32), NTFS, NTFS 5, HFS/HFS+, FFS, UFS/UFS2 (*BSD, Solaris), Ext2/Ext3 (Linux) and so on.
+
 
+
* [http://www.deepspar.com/ DeepSpar Disk Imager]
+
: DeepSpar Disk Imager is a dedicated disk imaging device built to handle disk-level problems and to recover bad sectors on a hard drive.
+
 
+
* [http://digital-assembly.com/products/adroit-photo-recovery/ Adroit Photo Recovery]
+
: Adroit Photo Recovery is a photo recovery tool that uses validated carving and is able to recover fragmented photos. Adroit Photo Recovery is able
+
: to recover high definition RAW images from Canon, Nikon etc.
+
 
+
See also [[Data Recovery Stories]]
+
 
+
=Carving=
+
*[http://www.datalifter.com/products.htm DataLifter® - File Extractor Pro]
+
: Data carving runs on multiple threads to make use of modern processors
+
 
+
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/defraser/ NFI Defraser]
+
: "Defraser is a forensic analysis application that can be used to detect full and partial multimedia files in datastreams. It is typically used to find (and restore) complete or partial video files in datastreams (for instance, unallocated diskspace)." Written in C#; runs on Windows.
+
 
+
*[http://www.simplecarver.com/ Simple Carver Suite]
+
: Simple Carver Suite is a collection of unique tools designed for a number of purposes including data recovery, forensic computing and eDiscovery. The suite was originally designed for data recovery and has since expanded to include unique file decoding, file identification and file classification.
+
 
+
*[http://foremost.sourceforge.net/ Foremost]
+
: Foremost is a console program to recover files based on their headers, footers, and internal data structures.
+
 
+
*[http://www.digitalforensicssolutions.com/Scalpel/ Scalpel]
+
: Scalpel is a fast file carver that reads a database of header and footer definitions and extracts matching files from a set of image files or raw device files. Scalpel is filesystem-independent and will carve files from FATx, NTFS, ext2/3, or raw partitions.
+
 
+
*[[EnCase]]
+
: EnCase comes with some enScripts that will do carving.
+
 
+
*[[CarvFs]]
+
: A virtual file system (fuse) implementation that can provide carving tools with the possibility to do recursive multi tool zero-storage carving (also called in-place carving). Patches and scripts for scalpel and foremost are provided. Works on raw and encase images.
+
 
+
*[[LibCarvPath]]
+
: A shared library that allows carving tools to use zero-storage carving on carvfs virtual files.
+
 
+
*[http://greg-kennedy.com/nwserver/?p=10 midi-carver]
+
: midi-carver is a data carver for MIDI files.
+
 
+
*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/PhotoRec PhotoRec]
+
: PhotoRec is file data recovery software designed to recover lost files including video, documents and archives from Hard Disks and CDRom and lost pictures (thus, its 'Photo Recovery' name) from digital camera memory.
+
 
+
*[http://www.datarescue.com/photorescue/ PhotoRescue]
+
: Datarescue PhotoRescue Advanced is picture and photo data recovery solution made by the creators of IDA Pro. PhotoRescue will undelete, unerase and recover pictures and files lost on corrupted, erased or damaged compact flash (CF) cards, SD Cards, Memory Sticks, SmartMedia and XD cards.
+
 
+
* [https://www.uitwisselplatform.nl/projects/revit RevIt]
+
: RevIt (Revive It) is an experimental carving tool, initially developed for the DFRWS 2006 carving challenge. It uses 'file structure based carving'. Note that RevIt currently is a work in progress.
+
 
+
* [http://jbj.rapanden.dk/magicrescue/ Magic Rescue]
+
: Magic Rescue is a file carving tool that uses "magic bytes" in a file contents to recover data.
+
 
+
* [[FTK]]
+
: FTK2 includes some file carvers
+
 
+
* [[X-Ways]]
+
: X-Ways Forensic provides a robust list of file types as well as the ability to specific custom file headers/trailers.  File types are available for carving, identification and filtering.
+
 
+
*[[Adroit Photo Forensics]]
+
: Adroit Photo Forensics supports data carving of popular image formats. Also supports fragmented carving using [[File_Carving:SmartCarving|SmartCarving]] and [[File_Carving:GuidedCarving|GuidedCarving]].
+

Revision as of 08:34, 10 February 2013

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Jump Lists are a feature found in Windows 7.

Jump Lists

Jump Lists are a new Windows 7 Taskbar feature that gives the user quick access to recently accessed application files and actions. Jump Lists come in two flavors, automatic (autodest, or *.automaticDestinations-ms) and custom (custdest, or *.customDestinations-ms) files. Autodest files are created by the operating system

Jump Lists are located in the user profile path, in the C:\Users\user\Recent folder. Autodest Jump Lists are located in the automaticDestinations subdirectory, and custdest files are located in the customDestinations subdirectory.

Author's Note: Jump Lists can prove to be considerably valuable during an examination, as the files appear (in limited testing) to persist after the application itself is removed from the system. In one test, iTunes 10 was installed on a 64-bit Windows 7 system, and two audio files (i.e., CyberSpeak podcasts) were launched via iTunes. The Jump Lists persisted after the iTunes was removed from the system.

AutomaticDestinations

Path: C:\Users\user\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent\AutomaticDestinations
Files: *.automaticDestinations-ms

Structure
The autodest files follow the MS-CFB compound file binary format specification. Each of the numbered streams within the file follows the MS-SHLLINK binary format specification.

The autodest files also contain a stream named "DestList" which acts as a most recently/frequently used (MRU/MFU) list. This stream consists of a 32-byte header, followed by the various structures that correspond to each of the individual numbered streams. Each of these structures is 114 bytes in size, followed by a variable length Unicode string. The first 114 bytes of the structure contains the following information at the corresponding offsets:

Offset Size Description
0x48 16 bytes NetBIOS name of the system; padded with zeros to 16 bytes
0x58 8 bytes Stream number; corresponds to the numbered stream within the jump list
0x64 8 bytes FILETIME object
0x70 2 bytes Number of Unicode characters in the string that follows

CustomDestinations

Path: C:\Users\user\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent\CustomDestinations
Files: *.customDestinations-ms

Structure
Custdest files reportedly follow a structure of sequential MS-SHLLINK binary format segments.

Tools

  • Autodest files can be opened in tools such as the MiTec Structured Storage Viewer, and each of the streams individually/manually extracted. Each of the extracted numbered streams can then be viewed via the Windows File Analyzer.
  • Another approach would be to use Mark Woan's JumpLister tool to view the information within the numbered streams of each autodest file.
  • TZWorks LLC Jump List Parser (jmp) also has a tool that can parse both the custom and automatic Destinations type files. For automaticDestinations it associates the MRU/MFU metadata with that of the SHLLINK metadata. There are versions of the tool that can run in Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X.

See also

External Links =