Difference between pages "Cell phones" and "JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M)"

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'''Cell phones''' or '''mobile phones''' are an important target for [[forensic investigator]]s.
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== JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M) ==
  
== Technologies ==
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The Samsung Galaxy S3 is an Android based smartphone. At the time of this writing (2014JAN22), I am unaware of any method other than JTAG to acquire a physical image of the NAND on this device.
   
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* [[CDMA]]
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* [[TDMA]]
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* [[GSM]]
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* [[iDEN]]
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* [[EDGE]]
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* [[GPRS]]
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* [[UMTS]]
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== Hardware ==
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For the purpose of this document, a Samsung Galaxy S3 was disassembled, read via JTAG, and reassembled.
  
* [[RIM BlackBerry]]
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=== Getting Started ===
* [[T-Mobile Sidekick  ]]
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* [[SIM Cards]]
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== Operating Systems ==
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What you need to dump the NAND:
  
* [[Microsoft PocketPC]]
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# A RIFF Box [[http://www.riffbox.org/|RIFF Box]]
* [[Microsoft Windows Mobile]]
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# Soldering skills and small tip soldering iron (a JTAG jig may be available).
* [[Palm]]
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# A DC Power supply capable of supplying 3.8V/2.1A output.  The power supply used for this was an [[http://www.home.agilent.com/agilent/product.jspx?pn=u8002a&cc=CA&lc=eng|Agilent U8002A DC Power Supply]].
* [[RIM BlackBerry]]
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* [[Symbian]]
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* [[Linux]]
+
  
== Forensics ==  
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=== NAND Dump Procedure ===
  
'''Procedures'''
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# Disassemble the phone down to the PCB.
 +
# Connect the RIFF Box to the PC via USB.
 +
# Connect the RIFF Box to the PCB via the JTAG pins.
 +
# Connect the PCB to the DC power supply.
 +
# Start the "RIFF Box JTAG Manager" software.
 +
# Enable the power on the DC power supply.
 +
# Power the phone via the power button.
 +
# Dump the NAND via the RIFF Box software.
  
* [[Cell Phone Forensics]]
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Instructions for disassembly can be found on Internet but it can be summarized as follows:
* [[SIM Card Forensics]]
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* [[External Memory Card Forensics]]
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== Tools ==
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* Remove the rear cover and battery.
 +
* Remove the 10 x Phillips screws.
 +
* Remove the rear plate using a case opening tool (guitar pick).
  
'''Flashers'''
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
* [[UFS Tornado]]
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|-
 +
| [[File:1-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-front.jpg | 600px]]
 +
| [[File:2-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-back.jpg | 600px]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:3-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-screws.jpg | 600px]]
 +
| [[File:4-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-bezel.jpg | 600px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
'''Hardware'''
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* Once the phone has been disassembled, you can see the JTAG connection port located closed to the edge of the PCB near the ribbon cable.
* [[ Azimuth RadioProof™ Enclosures]]
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* [[Radio Frequency (RF) Jammers]]
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* [[Network Security Solutions Secure Tents]]
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* [[Network Security Solutions Seizure Bags for Cell Phones/PDAs/Laptops]]
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* [[Paraben Device Seizure Toolbox]]
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* [[Paraben Handheld First Responder Kit]]
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* [[Paraben StrongHold Bag]]
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'''Software'''
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
* [[BitPIM]]
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|-
* [[Cellebrite UFED]]
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| [[File:5-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-final.jpg | 1000px]]
* [[Cell Phone Analyzer]]
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|-
* [[DataPilot Secure View]]
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|}
* [[FloAt's Mobile Agent]]
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* [[ForensicMobile]]
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* The JTAG pinouts are as follows.
* [[ForensicSIM]]
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* [[Guidance Software Neutrino]]
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
* [[iDEN Companion Pro]]
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|-
* [[iDEN Media Downloader]]
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| [[File:6-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-header.jpg | 1000px]]
* [[iDEN Phonebook Manager]]
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|-
* [[LogiCube CellDEK]]
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|}
* [[MicroSystemation .XRY]]
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* [[MOBILedit!]]
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* Solder the JTAG connector to the JTAG port as follows. I used 0.040 gauge magnet wire, connected to breadboard pins, which were inserted into the 20 pin ribbon cable supplied with the RIFF box.
* [[Oxygen PM II]]
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* [[Paraben Device Seizure]]
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
* [[Paraben SIM Seizure]]
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|-
* [[Pandora's Box]]
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| [[File:7-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-solder.jpg | 500px]]
* [[Quantaq USIMdetective]]
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|-
* [[Quantaq USIMcommander]]
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|}
* [[Quantaq USIMdetective]]
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* [[Quantaq USIMexplorer]]
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* Connect the PCB battery terminal connections to the DC power supply.  The positive (+) connection is the outermost pin (1) and the negative (-) pin is pin (3).  You can configure your power supply to match the battery specifications which in this case is 3.8V and 2.1A but do not apply power at this time.
* [[Quantaq USIMprofiler]]
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* [[Quantaq USIMregistrar]]
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
* [[TULP2G]]
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|-
 +
| [[File:8-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-power.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Now we can start the RIFF JTAG software, configure it, and connect the phone to the RIFF box.  See the picture below for more detail.
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' In the picture, the "JTAG TCK Speed" has been changed from "Sample at MAX" to "Sample at 9MHz".  This was done in attempt to eliminate disconnects between the RIFF Box and the phone mid-read.  Leave this setting at "Sample at MAX" unless you experience this problem.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:9-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-manager.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Apply power to the DC power supply and turn the phone on using the button on the side of the PCB.  After powering the phone on, select "READ" under the "DCC Read/Write" tab.  If all goes well the "READ" button will become the "STOP" button and the phone will begin reading...if not the RIFF software provides troubleshooting steps that should be taken to assist in diagnosing some of the issues you may experience.
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' In the event of read errors the RIFF software keeps track of where the failure occurred and gives you option to restart the read where it left off.  If this occurs, you can adjust the "JTAG TCK Speed" and lower it to 9MHz (or lower) which can stabilize the read.
 +
 
 +
* Once the acquisition is complete the resulting image can be saved and forensic analysis can take place using the tool of your choosing.
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
 
 +
* http://android-forensics.com/android-forensics-study-of-password-and-pattern-lock-protection/143
 +
* http://forensics.spreitzenbarth.de/2012/02/
 +
* http://www.ccl-forensics.com/Software/other-software-a-scripts.html

Latest revision as of 17:50, 23 January 2014

Contents

JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M)

The Samsung Galaxy S3 is an Android based smartphone. At the time of this writing (2014JAN22), I am unaware of any method other than JTAG to acquire a physical image of the NAND on this device.

For the purpose of this document, a Samsung Galaxy S3 was disassembled, read via JTAG, and reassembled.

Getting Started

What you need to dump the NAND:

  1. A RIFF Box [Box]
  2. Soldering skills and small tip soldering iron (a JTAG jig may be available).
  3. A DC Power supply capable of supplying 3.8V/2.1A output. The power supply used for this was an [U8002A DC Power Supply].

NAND Dump Procedure

  1. Disassemble the phone down to the PCB.
  2. Connect the RIFF Box to the PC via USB.
  3. Connect the RIFF Box to the PCB via the JTAG pins.
  4. Connect the PCB to the DC power supply.
  5. Start the "RIFF Box JTAG Manager" software.
  6. Enable the power on the DC power supply.
  7. Power the phone via the power button.
  8. Dump the NAND via the RIFF Box software.

Instructions for disassembly can be found on Internet but it can be summarized as follows:

  • Remove the rear cover and battery.
  • Remove the 10 x Phillips screws.
  • Remove the rear plate using a case opening tool (guitar pick).
1-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-front.jpg 2-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-back.jpg
3-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-screws.jpg 4-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-bezel.jpg
  • Once the phone has been disassembled, you can see the JTAG connection port located closed to the edge of the PCB near the ribbon cable.
5-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-final.jpg
  • The JTAG pinouts are as follows.
6-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-header.jpg
  • Solder the JTAG connector to the JTAG port as follows. I used 0.040 gauge magnet wire, connected to breadboard pins, which were inserted into the 20 pin ribbon cable supplied with the RIFF box.
7-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-solder.jpg
  • Connect the PCB battery terminal connections to the DC power supply. The positive (+) connection is the outermost pin (1) and the negative (-) pin is pin (3). You can configure your power supply to match the battery specifications which in this case is 3.8V and 2.1A but do not apply power at this time.
8-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-power.jpg
  • Now we can start the RIFF JTAG software, configure it, and connect the phone to the RIFF box. See the picture below for more detail.

NOTE: In the picture, the "JTAG TCK Speed" has been changed from "Sample at MAX" to "Sample at 9MHz". This was done in attempt to eliminate disconnects between the RIFF Box and the phone mid-read. Leave this setting at "Sample at MAX" unless you experience this problem.

9-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-manager.jpg

Apply power to the DC power supply and turn the phone on using the button on the side of the PCB. After powering the phone on, select "READ" under the "DCC Read/Write" tab. If all goes well the "READ" button will become the "STOP" button and the phone will begin reading...if not the RIFF software provides troubleshooting steps that should be taken to assist in diagnosing some of the issues you may experience.

NOTE: In the event of read errors the RIFF software keeps track of where the failure occurred and gives you option to restart the read where it left off. If this occurs, you can adjust the "JTAG TCK Speed" and lower it to 9MHz (or lower) which can stabilize the read.

  • Once the acquisition is complete the resulting image can be saved and forensic analysis can take place using the tool of your choosing.

References