Difference between pages "Encase image file format" and "JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M)"

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[[EnCase]] uses a closed format for images which is reportedly based on [http://www.asrdata.com/SMART/whitepaper.html ASR Data's Expert Witness Compression Format]. The evidence files, or E01 files, contain a physical bitstream of an acquired disk, prefixed with a '"Case Info" header, interlaced with CRCs for every block of 64 sectors~(32 KB), and followed by a footer containing an MD5 hash for the entire bitstream.  Contained in the header are the date and time of acquisition, an examiner's name, notes on the acquisition, and an optional password; the header concludes with its own CRC.
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== JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M) ==
  
EnCase can store media data into multiple evidence files, which are called segment files. Each segment file consist of multiple sections. Each section consist of a section start definition. This contains a section type.
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The Samsung Galaxy S3 is an Android based smartphone. At the time of this writing (2014JAN22), I am unaware of any method other than JTAG to acquire a physical image of the NAND on this device.
  
Up to EnCase 5 the segment file were limited to 2 GiB, due to the internal 31-bit file offset representation. This limitation was lifted using a base offset work around in EnCase 6.
+
For the purpose of this document, a Samsung Galaxy S3 was disassembled, read via JTAG, and reassembled.
  
At least from Encase 3 the case info header is contained in the "header" section, which is defined twice within the file and contain the same information.
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=== Getting Started ===
  
With Encase 4 an additional "header2" section was added. The "header" section now appears only once, but the new "header2" section twice.
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What you need to dump the NAND:
  
Version 3 of The Encase F introduced an "error2" sections that it uses to record the location and number of bad sector chunks. The way it handles the sections it can't read is that those areas are filled with zero. Then Encase displays to the user the areas that could not be read when the image was acquired. The granularity of unreadable chunks appears to be 32K.
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# A RIFF Box [[http://www.riffbox.org/|RIFF Box]]
 +
# Soldering skills and small tip soldering iron (a JTAG jig may be available).
 +
# A DC Power supply capable of supplying 3.8V/2.1A output. The power supply used for this was an [[http://www.home.agilent.com/agilent/product.jspx?pn=u8002a&cc=CA&lc=eng|Agilent U8002A DC Power Supply]].
  
Within Encase 5 the amount of sectors per block (chunk) can vary.
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=== NAND Dump Procedure ===
  
Encase from at least in version 3, 4 and 5 can hash the data of the media it acquires.
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# Disassemble the phone down to the PCB.
It does this by calculating a MD5 hash of the original media data and adds a hash section
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# Connect the RIFF Box to the PC via USB.
to the last of the segment files.
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# Connect the RIFF Box to the PCB via the JTAG pins.
 +
# Connect the PCB to the DC power supply.
 +
# Start the "RIFF Box JTAG Manager" software.
 +
# Enable the power on the DC power supply.
 +
# Power the phone via the power button.
 +
# Dump the NAND via the RIFF Box software.
  
== See Also ==
+
Instructions for disassembly can be found on Internet but it can be summarized as follows:
  
[[EnCase]]
+
* Remove the rear cover and battery.
 +
* Remove the 10 x Phillips screws.
 +
* Remove the rear plate using a case opening tool (guitar pick).
  
== External Links ==
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:1-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-front.jpg | 600px]]
 +
| [[File:2-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-back.jpg | 600px]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:3-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-screws.jpg | 600px]]
 +
| [[File:4-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-bezel.jpg | 600px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
* A great deal of information about the format has been documented by the [http://libewf.sourceforge.net libewf project], including some of the [http://downloads.sourceforge.net/libewf/ewf_file_format.pdf E01 file format specifications].
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* Once the phone has been disassembled, you can see the JTAG connection port located closed to the edge of the PCB near the ribbon cable.
* [http://www.cfreds.nist.gov/v2/Basic_Mac_Image.html Sample image in EnCase, iLook, and dd format] - From the [[Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets]] Project
+
  
[[Category:Forensics File Format]]
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:5-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-final.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* The JTAG pinouts are as follows.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:6-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-header.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Solder the JTAG connector to the JTAG port as follows. I used 0.040 gauge magnet wire, connected to breadboard pins, which were inserted into the 20 pin ribbon cable supplied with the RIFF box.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:7-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-solder.jpg | 500px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Connect the PCB battery terminal connections to the DC power supply.  The positive (+) connection is the outermost pin (1) and the negative (-) pin is pin (3).  You can configure your power supply to match the battery specifications which in this case is 3.8V and 2.1A but do not apply power at this time.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:8-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-power.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
* Now we can start the RIFF JTAG software, configure it, and connect the phone to the RIFF box.  See the picture below for more detail.
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' In the picture, the "JTAG TCK Speed" has been changed from "Sample at MAX" to "Sample at 9MHz".  This was done in attempt to eliminate disconnects between the RIFF Box and the phone mid-read.  Leave this setting at "Sample at MAX" unless you experience this problem.
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:9-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-manager.jpg | 1000px]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Apply power to the DC power supply and turn the phone on using the button on the side of the PCB.  After powering the phone on, select "READ" under the "DCC Read/Write" tab.  If all goes well the "READ" button will become the "STOP" button and the phone will begin reading...if not the RIFF software provides troubleshooting steps that should be taken to assist in diagnosing some of the issues you may experience.
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' In the event of read errors the RIFF software keeps track of where the failure occurred and gives you option to restart the read where it left off.  If this occurs, you can adjust the "JTAG TCK Speed" and lower it to 9MHz (or lower) which can stabilize the read.
 +
 
 +
* Once the acquisition is complete the resulting image can be saved and forensic analysis can take place using the tool of your choosing.
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
 
 +
* http://android-forensics.com/android-forensics-study-of-password-and-pattern-lock-protection/143
 +
* http://forensics.spreitzenbarth.de/2012/02/
 +
* http://www.ccl-forensics.com/Software/other-software-a-scripts.html

Latest revision as of 17:50, 23 January 2014

Contents

JTAG Samsung Galaxy S3 (SGH-I747M)

The Samsung Galaxy S3 is an Android based smartphone. At the time of this writing (2014JAN22), I am unaware of any method other than JTAG to acquire a physical image of the NAND on this device.

For the purpose of this document, a Samsung Galaxy S3 was disassembled, read via JTAG, and reassembled.

Getting Started

What you need to dump the NAND:

  1. A RIFF Box [Box]
  2. Soldering skills and small tip soldering iron (a JTAG jig may be available).
  3. A DC Power supply capable of supplying 3.8V/2.1A output. The power supply used for this was an [U8002A DC Power Supply].

NAND Dump Procedure

  1. Disassemble the phone down to the PCB.
  2. Connect the RIFF Box to the PC via USB.
  3. Connect the RIFF Box to the PCB via the JTAG pins.
  4. Connect the PCB to the DC power supply.
  5. Start the "RIFF Box JTAG Manager" software.
  6. Enable the power on the DC power supply.
  7. Power the phone via the power button.
  8. Dump the NAND via the RIFF Box software.

Instructions for disassembly can be found on Internet but it can be summarized as follows:

  • Remove the rear cover and battery.
  • Remove the 10 x Phillips screws.
  • Remove the rear plate using a case opening tool (guitar pick).
1-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-front.jpg 2-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-back.jpg
3-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-screws.jpg 4-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-bezel.jpg
  • Once the phone has been disassembled, you can see the JTAG connection port located closed to the edge of the PCB near the ribbon cable.
5-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-disassembly-final.jpg
  • The JTAG pinouts are as follows.
6-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-header.jpg
  • Solder the JTAG connector to the JTAG port as follows. I used 0.040 gauge magnet wire, connected to breadboard pins, which were inserted into the 20 pin ribbon cable supplied with the RIFF box.
7-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-solder.jpg
  • Connect the PCB battery terminal connections to the DC power supply. The positive (+) connection is the outermost pin (1) and the negative (-) pin is pin (3). You can configure your power supply to match the battery specifications which in this case is 3.8V and 2.1A but do not apply power at this time.
8-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-power.jpg
  • Now we can start the RIFF JTAG software, configure it, and connect the phone to the RIFF box. See the picture below for more detail.

NOTE: In the picture, the "JTAG TCK Speed" has been changed from "Sample at MAX" to "Sample at 9MHz". This was done in attempt to eliminate disconnects between the RIFF Box and the phone mid-read. Leave this setting at "Sample at MAX" unless you experience this problem.

9-samsung-s3-sgh-i747m-jtag-manager.jpg

Apply power to the DC power supply and turn the phone on using the button on the side of the PCB. After powering the phone on, select "READ" under the "DCC Read/Write" tab. If all goes well the "READ" button will become the "STOP" button and the phone will begin reading...if not the RIFF software provides troubleshooting steps that should be taken to assist in diagnosing some of the issues you may experience.

NOTE: In the event of read errors the RIFF software keeps track of where the failure occurred and gives you option to restart the read where it left off. If this occurs, you can adjust the "JTAG TCK Speed" and lower it to 9MHz (or lower) which can stabilize the read.

  • Once the acquisition is complete the resulting image can be saved and forensic analysis can take place using the tool of your choosing.

References