Difference between pages "Tools:Visualization" and "Windows Registry"

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Although not strictly for forensic purposes, '''visualization tools''' such as the ones discussed here can be very useful for visualizing large data sets. As forensic practitioners need to process more and more data, it is likely that some of the techniques implemented by these tools will need to be adopted.
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==Bibliography==
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* [http://www.dfrws.org/2009/proceedings/p69-zhu.pdf Using ShellBag Information to Reconstruct User Activities.], Yuandong Zhu*, Pavel Gladyshev, Joshua James, DFRWS 2009
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* Recovering Deleted Data From the Windows Registry. Timothy Morgan, DFRWS 2008 [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p33-morgan.pdf [paper]] [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p33-morgan_pres.pdf [slides]]
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* [http://www.pkdavies.co.uk/documents/Computer_Forensics/registry_examination.pdf Registry Examination, by Paul Davies]
  
==Programming Languages and Developer Toolkits==
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* [http://dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p26-dolan-gavitt.pdf Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry in Memory], Brendan Dolan-Gavitt, DFRWS 2008  [http://dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p26-dolan-gavitt_pres.pdf [slides]]
If you are building forensic tools, you probably want to start with one of these:
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* [http://www.pkdavies.co.uk/documents/Computer_Forensics/registry_examination.pdf Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry], Peter Davies, Computer Forensics: Coursework 2 (student paper)
; Java and Swing
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* [http://eptuners.com/forensics/A%20Windows%20Registry%20Quick%20Reference.pdf A Windows Registry Quick-Reference], Derrick Farmer, Burlington, VT.
: Advantage: Portable and lots of good documentation out there.
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: Disadvantage: Programs are a bit verbose, and only offers about 1/2 the performance of C
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; Python with tkinter
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* [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B7CW4-4GX1J3B-1&_user=3326500&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000060280&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3326500&md5=ab887593e7be6d5257696707886978f1 The Windows Registry as a forensic resource], Digital Investigation, Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2005, Pages 201--205.
: Advantage: Portable
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: Disadvantage: Python is one of the slowest modern languages around.
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; Python with wxWidgets
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* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-windows-registry.pdf Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry], Lih Wern Wong , School of Computer and Information Science, Edith Cowan University
: Advantage: Portable and a better development environment than tkiner
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: Disadvantage: wxWidgets is not installed by default, so you'll need to get it installed. Not as well documented as Tkinter
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; [http://processing.org processing.org]
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* [http://www.sentinelchicken.com/research/registry_format/ The Windows NT Registry File Format], Timothy D. Morgan
: Advantage: Programming language specifically developed for visualization; compiles to java byte code
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: Disadvantage: Very oddball
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; JavaFX - Java's version of Flash
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==File Locations==
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===Windows XP===
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* HKEY_USERS: \Documents and Setting\User Profile\NTUSER.DAT
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* HKEY_USERS/DEFAULT: \Windows\system32\config\default
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* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHIN/SAM: \Windows\system32\config\SAM
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* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SECURITY: \Windows\system32\config\SECURITY
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* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE: \Windows\system32\config\software
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* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM: \Windows\system32\config\system
  
; Flash
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===Windows 98/ME===
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* \Windows\user.dat
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* \Windows\system.dat
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* \Windows\profiles\user profile\user.dat
  
Or you could try one of these higher-level toolkits:
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==Tools==
 
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; Crystal Space 3D
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; Panda#D
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== Applications ==
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Most of these are scriptable.
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===Open Source===
 
===Open Source===
====Data Plotting====
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* [http://projects.sentinelchicken.org/reglookup/ reglookup] — "small command line utility for reading and querying Windows NT-based registries."
* http://ploticus.sourceforge.net
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/regviewer/ regviewer] — a tool for looking at the registry.
* http://www.gnuplot.info/
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* [http://www.regripper.net/ RegRipper] — "the fastest, easiest, and best tool for registry analysis in forensics examinations."
====Graph and Network Visualization====
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===Commercial===
* [http://code.google.com/p/boomslang/ Boomslang] --- A thin layer of python over matplotlib that makes it easier to do common plots.
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* [http://www.abexo.com/free-registry-cleaner.htm Abexo Free Regisry Cleaner]
* [http://www.graphviz.org/ Graphviz] - Originally developed by the [http://public.research.att.com/areas/visualization/ AT&T Information Visualization Gorup], designed for drawing connected graphs of nodes and edges. Neato is a similar system but does layout based on a spring model. Can produce output as [[PostScript]], [[PNG]], [[GIF]], or as an annotated graph file with the locations of all of the objects — ideal for drawing in a GUI. Runs from the command line on [[Unix]], [[Windows]] and [[Mac]], although there is also a [http://www.pixelglow.com/graphviz/ MacOS GUI version].
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* [http://www.auslogics.com/registry-defrag Auslogics Registry Defrag]
* [http://graphexploration.cond.org/ Guess: The Graph Exploration System] - Originally developed at HP, this is a large Jython/Java-based system that you can use for building your own applications. Distributed under GPL.
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* [http://lastbit.com/arv/ Alien Registry Viewer]
* [http://www.codeplex.com/nodexl NodeXL] - Free/open excel add-in extends the spreadsheet with network metrics and visualizations
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* [http://www.larshederer.homepage.t-online.de/erunt/index.htm NT Registry Optimizer]
* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/ivc/ InfoVis Cyberinfrastructure] - Another graph drawing system written in Java.
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* [http://www.registry-clean.net/free-registry-defrag.htm iExpert Software-Free Registry Defrag]
* [http://jung.sourceforge.net/ Java Universal Network/Graph Framework (JUNG)] - Graphing, [[data mining]], [[social network]] analysis, and other stuff.
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* [http://paullee.ru/regundel Registry Undelete (russian)]
* [http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/krack/krackplot.shtml Krackplot] - "KrackPlot is a program for network visualization designed for social network analysts."
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* [http://mitec.cz/wrr.html Windows Registry Recovery]
* [http://bioinformatics.icmb.utexas.edu/lgl/ Large Graph Layout (LGL)] - A bioinformatics system from University of Texas. They really mean Large.
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* [http://registrytool.com/ Registry Tool]
* [http://www.sfu.ca/~richards/Multinet/Pages/multinet.htm MultiNet] - A data analysis package for drawing conventional data and graph data.
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* [http://www.analytictech.com/netdraw.htm NetDraw] - "a free program written by Steve Borgatti for visualizing both 1-mode and 2-mode social network data."
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* [http://web.mit.edu/bshi/Public/nv2d/ NetVis 2D] - Another graph visualization and layout tool written in Java.
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* [http://www.opendx.org/ OpenDX] - Based on [[IBM]]'s Visualization Data Explorer, runs on [[Unix]]/X11/Motif.
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* [http://vlado.fmf.uni-lj.si/pub/networks/pajek/ Pajek] - Windows program for drawing large networks.
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/sonia/ Social Network Image Animator (SoNIA)] - Originally developed at Stanford. Written in Java. Makes movies.
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* [http://www.informatik.uni-bremen.de/uDrawGraph/en/uDrawGraph/uDrawGraph.html uDrawGraph]
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* [http://wilma.sourceforge.net/ WilmaScope] - Real-time animations of dynamic graph structures. Written in Java. Sophisticated force model with strings and attraction.
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* [http://www.caida.org/tools/visualization/walrus/ Walrus] - A 3-d graph network exploration tool. Employs 3D hyperbolic displays and layout based on a user-supplied spanning tree.
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=== Commercial Graphic Applications and Tools===
 
 
* [http://www.aisee.com/ aiSee Graph Layout Software] - Supports 15 layout algorithms, recursive graph nesting, and easy printing. Runs on [[Windows]], [[Linux]], [[Solaris]], [[NetBSD]], and [[MacOS]]. 30-day trial and free registered versions available. Academic pricing available.
 
*  [http://www.geomantics.com/ Geomantics] - Geographical, Visualization and Graphics software. Runs on [[Windows]].
 
* [http://www.kylebank.com/ Graphis 2D and 3D graphing software] - Runs on [[Windows]]. Free 30-day evaluation copy available.
 
* [http://www.openviz.com/ OpenViz] and  [http://www.powerviz.com/ PowerViz] - Both from Advanced Visual Systems, super high-end visualization toolkits. $$$$
 
* [http://www.tomsawyer.com/ Tom Sawyer Software] Analysis, Visualizaiton, and Layout programs. - Heavy support for drawing graphs. Beautiful gallery. ActiveX, Java, C++ and .NET editions.
 
* [http://www.netminer.com/ NetMiner] - A comprehensive tool for Social Network Analysis. Runs on Windows, with a Linux version under development. $35 for "Express" student version, $250 for "Professional" student version, $950 for "Normal" "Professional" version.
 
* [http://www.analytictech.com/ucinet.htm UCINET] - A comprehensive package for the analysis of social network data as well as other 1-mode and 2-mode data.
 
* [http://www.clarifiednetworks.com/logster Logster] - an ultra-easy software tool to visualize Apache-style logs on a world map.
 
* [http://www.clarifiednetworks.com/Clarified%20Analyzer Clarified Analyzer] - Visualizes Network Traffic and allows to drill down from visualizations to the packet level.
 
 
== Visualization Toolkits and Libraries ==
 
===C/C++===
 
* [http://public.kitware.com/VTK/ The Visualization Toolkit] - C++ multi-platform with interfaces available for Tcl/Tk, Java and Python. Professional support provided by [http://www.kitware.com/ Kitware].
 
* [http://kdirstat.sourceforge.net/ KDirStat], an open source implementation of [http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/treemap-history/index.shtml Treemaps] written in C. (Treemaps are a visualization technique developed at the University of Maryland for visualizing large amounts of multi-dimensional data.)  You can find a copy of it in [http://www.derlien.com/ Disk Inventory X] and
 
===Java===
 
* [http://csbi.sourceforge.net/index.html Graph Interface Library (GINY)] - Java
 
* [http://hypergraph.sourceforge.net/ HyperGraph] - Hyperbolic trees, in Java. Check out the home page. Try clicking on the logo...
 
* [http://ivtk.sourceforge.net/ InfoViz Toolkit] - Java, originally developed at [[INRA]].
 
* [https://jdigraph.dev.java.net/ Jdigrah] - Java Directed Graphs.
 
* [http://jgrapht.sourceforge.net/ JGraphT] - A Java visualization kit designed to be simple and extensible.
 
* [http://prefuse.sourceforge.net/ Perfuse] - A Java-based toolkit for building interactive information visualization applications
 
* [http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/~billh/visad.html#intro VisAD] - A Java component library for interactive and collaborative visualization.
 
* [http://www.softwaresecretweapons.com/jspwiki/Wiki.jsp?page=LinguineMaps Linguine Maps] - An open-source Java-based system for visualizing software call maps.
 
* [http://zvtm.sourceforge.net/index.html Zoomable Visual Transformation Machine] - Java. Originally started at Xerox Research Europe.
 
* [http://openmap.bbn.com/ OpenMap] A Java-based Geographical Information System framework, from [[BBN]].
 
 
===Unclassified===
 
* [http://gravisto.fim.uni-passau.de/ Gravisto: Graph Visualization Toolkit] - An editor and toolkit for developing graph visualization algorithms.
 
* [http://www.gnu.frb.br:8080/rox Rox Graph Theory Framework] - An open-source plug-in framework for graph theory visualization.
 
* [http://touchgraph.sourceforge.net/ TouchGraph] - Library for building graph-based interfaces.
 
 
==Journals and Conferences==
 
* [http://www.palgrave-journals.com/ivs/index.html Information Visualization Journal]
 
* [http://rw4.cs.uni-sb.de/~diehl/softvis/seminar/index.php?goto=seminar ACM Symposium on Software Visualization]
 
==Research Groups==
 
===Berkeley===
 
* [http://bailando.sims.berkeley.edu/infovis.html Bailando Visualization]
 
* [http://vis.berkeley.edu/ Berkeley Visualization Lab]
 
===Brown===
 
* [http://www.cs.brown.edu/people/rt/gd.html Roberto Tamassia's resources on Graph Drawing]
 
===Stanford===
 
* [http://window.stanford.edu/projects/rivet/ Rivet Project] (Visualization complex systems)
 
===UNM===
 
* [http://www.msi.umn.edu/user_support/scivis/scivis-list.html Scientific Visualization at the Supercomputing Institute]
 
===Wattenberg===
 
* [http://www.bewitched.com/ Bewitched], a one-man research group.
 
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
* [http://www-static.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/ii/resources/infovis.html GVU's Information Visualization Resources link farm]
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* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/search/label/Registry Windows Incident Response Articles on Registry]
* [http://directory.google.com/Top/Science/Math/Combinatorics/Software/Graph_Drawing/ Google Directory of Graph Drawing Software]
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* [http://www.answers.com/topic/win-registry Windows Registry Information]
* [http://directory.fsf.org/science/visual/ GNU Free Software directory of scientific visualization software]
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Registry Wikipedia Article on Windows Registry]
* [http://www.manageability.org/blog/stuff/open-source-graph-network-visualization-in-java/view Open Source Graph Network Visualization in Java]
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[[Category:Bibliographies]]
* [http://www.insna.org/INSNA/soft_inf.html INSNA's web page of Computer Programs for Social Network Analysis]
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* [http://moyix.blogspot.com/search/label/registry Push the Red Button] — Articles on Registry
* http://www.dmoz.org/Science/Math/Combinatorics/Software/Graph_Drawing/
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* http://www.ontopia.net/omnigator/models/index.jsp
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* http://visant.bu.edu/
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* http://sourceforge.net/projects/touchgraph/
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CAIDA has 15+ years of work visualizing Internet topologies. You may find their tools to be useful:
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* http://www.caida.org/tools/visualization/
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* http://www.caida.org/publications/visualizations/
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* http://www.caida.org/tools/visualization/walrus/gallery1/
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* http://www.caida.org/research/topology/as_core_network/
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Revision as of 13:51, 20 November 2009

Bibliography

File Locations

Windows XP

  • HKEY_USERS: \Documents and Setting\User Profile\NTUSER.DAT
  • HKEY_USERS/DEFAULT: \Windows\system32\config\default
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHIN/SAM: \Windows\system32\config\SAM
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SECURITY: \Windows\system32\config\SECURITY
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE: \Windows\system32\config\software
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM: \Windows\system32\config\system

Windows 98/ME

  • \Windows\user.dat
  • \Windows\system.dat
  • \Windows\profiles\user profile\user.dat

Tools

Open Source

  • reglookup — "small command line utility for reading and querying Windows NT-based registries."
  • regviewer — a tool for looking at the registry.
  • RegRipper — "the fastest, easiest, and best tool for registry analysis in forensics examinations."

Commercial

See Also