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Difference between revisions of "Linux Memory Analysis"

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Commercial Products:
 
Commercial Products:
* [http://pikewerks.com/sl/ Second Look] from [http://www.pikewerks.com Pikewerks Corporation] can analyze live memory or stored snapshots (physical memory images).  It can be used to detect rootkits and other kernel-hooking malware, as well as obtain forensic information about the state of the system.  It has command-line and GUI interfaces, and reverse engineering capabilities including built-in disassembly and hexadecimal data views.  An online reference kernel repository provides baselines for verification of thousands of distribution stock kernels.  As of May 2011, it supports x86 and x86_64 targets running kernels 2.6.8 to 2.6.38.  (Availability/License: commercial)
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* [[Second Look: Linux Memory Forensics]] from [http://www.pikewerks.com Pikewerks Corporation] can analyze live memory or stored snapshots (physical memory images).  It can be used to detect rootkits and other kernel-hooking malware, as well as obtain forensic information about the state of the system.  It has command-line and GUI interfaces, and reverse engineering capabilities including built-in disassembly and hexadecimal data views.  An online reference kernel repository provides baselines for verification of thousands of distribution stock kernels.  As of May 2011, it supports x86 and x86_64 targets running kernels 2.6.8 to 2.6.38.  (Availability/License: commercial)
  
 
==Linux Memory Analysis Challenges==
 
==Linux Memory Analysis Challenges==
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* [http://is.cuni.cz/studium/dipl_st/index.php?doo=detail&did=48540 Forensic RAM Dump Image Analyzer] by Ivor Kollar, describing the implementation of foriana, 2009.
 
* [http://is.cuni.cz/studium/dipl_st/index.php?doo=detail&did=48540 Forensic RAM Dump Image Analyzer] by Ivor Kollar, describing the implementation of foriana, 2009.
 
* [http://www.dfrws.org/2010/proceedings/2010-305.pdf Treasure and tragedy in kmem_cache mining for live forensics investigation] by Andrew Case, Lodovico Marziale, Cris Neckar, Golden G. Richard III; Digital Investigation, Volume 7, Supplement 1, The Proceedings of the Tenth Annual DFRWS Conference, August 2010.  [http://www.dfrws.org/2010/proceedings/richard2.pdf (Presentation)]
 
* [http://www.dfrws.org/2010/proceedings/2010-305.pdf Treasure and tragedy in kmem_cache mining for live forensics investigation] by Andrew Case, Lodovico Marziale, Cris Neckar, Golden G. Richard III; Digital Investigation, Volume 7, Supplement 1, The Proceedings of the Tenth Annual DFRWS Conference, August 2010.  [http://www.dfrws.org/2010/proceedings/richard2.pdf (Presentation)]
* [http://pikewerks.com/_datasheets/secondlook.pdf Second Look Datasheet]
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* [http://www.pikewerks.com/sl/ Second Look Web Page], [http://www.pikewerks.com/_datasheets/secondlook.pdf Second Look Datasheet]
 
* [http://blackhat.com/html/bh-dc-11/bh-dc-11-archives.html#Case De-Anonymizing Live CDs through Physical Memory Analysis] ([https://media.blackhat.com/bh-dc-11/Case/BlackHat_DC_2011_Case_De-Anonymizing_Live_CDs-wp.pdf Whitepaper]) ([https://media.blackhat.com/bh-dc-11/Case/BlackHat_DC_2011_Case_De-Anonymizing%20Live%20CDs-Slides.pdf Slides]) Andrew Case; Blackhat USA 2010.
 
* [http://blackhat.com/html/bh-dc-11/bh-dc-11-archives.html#Case De-Anonymizing Live CDs through Physical Memory Analysis] ([https://media.blackhat.com/bh-dc-11/Case/BlackHat_DC_2011_Case_De-Anonymizing_Live_CDs-wp.pdf Whitepaper]) ([https://media.blackhat.com/bh-dc-11/Case/BlackHat_DC_2011_Case_De-Anonymizing%20Live%20CDs-Slides.pdf Slides]) Andrew Case; Blackhat USA 2010.
 
* [http://dfsforensics.blogspot.com/2011/03/bringing-linux-support-to-volatility.html Bringing Linux Support to Volatility], Andrew Case; Digital Forensics Solutions Blog, 2011.
 
* [http://dfsforensics.blogspot.com/2011/03/bringing-linux-support-to-volatility.html Bringing Linux Support to Volatility], Andrew Case; Digital Forensics Solutions Blog, 2011.

Revision as of 20:42, 26 May 2011

Linux Memory Analysis Tools

Research Projects:

  • The Forensic Analysis Toolkit (FATKit) is a cross-platform, modular, and extensible digital investigation framework for analyzing volatile system memory. (Publication Date: 2006; Availability/License: not available)

Open Source Projects:

  • The Volatility Framework is a collection of tools, implemented in Python, for the extraction of digital artifacts from volatile memory (RAM) samples. Support for Linux is experimental, but available from Subversion in the linux-support branch. (Availability/License: GNU GPL)
  • Foriana is tool for extraction of information such as the process and modules lists from a RAM image using logical relations between OS structures. (Availability/License: GNU GPL)
  • Draugr is a Linux memory forensics tool written in Python. (Availability/License: GNU GPL)
  • Volatilitux is another Linux memory forensics tool written in Python. (Availability/License: GNU GPL)
  • The Red Hat Crash Utility is an extensible Linux kernel core dump analysis program. Although designed as a debugging tool, it also has been utilized for memory forensics. See, for example, the 2008 DFRWS challenge write-up by AAron Walters. (Availability/License: GNU GPL)

Commercial Products:

  • Second Look: Linux Memory Forensics from Pikewerks Corporation can analyze live memory or stored snapshots (physical memory images). It can be used to detect rootkits and other kernel-hooking malware, as well as obtain forensic information about the state of the system. It has command-line and GUI interfaces, and reverse engineering capabilities including built-in disassembly and hexadecimal data views. An online reference kernel repository provides baselines for verification of thousands of distribution stock kernels. As of May 2011, it supports x86 and x86_64 targets running kernels 2.6.8 to 2.6.38. (Availability/License: commercial)

Linux Memory Analysis Challenges

Linux Memory Analysis Bibliography

Volatility Mailing List Threads on Support for Linux: