ATTENTION: The new home of the Digital Forensics Wiki is at https://forensicswiki.xyz/. Yeah, it's a silly name, but it was cheap.
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We collected more than ten million Microsoft Office documents from public websites, analyzed the metadata stored in each document and extracted information related to social activities. Our analysis revealed the existence of exactly identified cliques of users that edit, revise and collaborate on industrial and military content. We also examined cliques in documents downloaded from Fortune-500 company websites. We constructed their graphs and measured their properties. The graphs contained many connected components and presented social properties. The a priori knowledge of a company's social graph may significantly assist an adversary to launch targeted attacks, such as targeted advertisements and phishing emails. Our study demonstrates the privacy risks associated with metadata by cross-correlating all members identified in a clique with users of Twitter. We show that it is possible to match authors collaborating in the creation of a document with Twitter accounts. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to identify individuals and create social cliques solely based on information derived from document metadata. Our study raises major concerns about the risks involved in privacy leakage due to document metadata.
Forensic Linux Live CD distributions are widely used during computer forensic investigations. Currently, many vendors of such Live CD distributions state that their Linux do not modify the contents of hard drives or employ "write protection." Testing indicates that this may not always be the case. Read More...