Difference between pages "Tools:Data Recovery" and "RFID"

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= Partition Recovery =
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RFID stands for Radio Frequency IDentification. It typically applies to a technology that uses radio waves to automatically identify people or objects.  While there are various ways to identify, the most common is to store a serial number that represents a person or object identity and possibly other information, on a microchip that is attached to an antenna. Collectively the microchip and antenna represent a RFID transponder or an RFID tag. The antenna gives the chip ability to transmit identity information to a RFID reader. Then the RFID reader converts the radio waves into digital information that can then be passed to the computer for usage. RFID has been around since the 1970s. Since the radio waves from the low end of the electromagnetic spectrum, waves are safe as  radio waves from a car radio.
  
*[http://www.stellarinfo.com/recover-windows-nt.htm NTFS Partition Recovery]
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RFID and Bar codes are different technologies and have different applications. The big difference between the two is bar codes are line-of-sight technology. A scanner requires a bar code be brought towards a scanner in order for it to be read. RFID on the other hand, doesn’t require line of sight. RFID tags can be read as long as they are within range of a RFID reader. If a label is somehow removed or damaged there is no way to scan the item.
: Stellar NTFS Data Recovery Software to recover data from Windows based NTFS/NTFS5 file systems
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*[http://www.infinadyne.com/cddvd_diagnostic.html CD/DVD Diagnostic]
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Currently many forms and sizes such as personal items, services, and products use RFID worldwide. Currently in the United States, most public transportation such as trains, buses, and restaurants such as Mcdonald's all carry RFID receptacles that allow credit card transactions using MasterCard's PayPass. MasterCard PayPass is the payment feature that can be added to any MasterCard payment account to enable payments with a simple tap. PayPass is flexible enough that it can be built into cards or other devices such as key fobs, and can be used in markets that primarily issue smart cards or those that primarily issue magnetic stripe cards.  
: Recover data and video from CDs/DVDs/Blu-Ray. This is specifically not for forensic purposes but for data recovery. A different tool called CD/DVD Inspector is for forensic examination of optical media.
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*[http://www.ptdd.com/index.htm Partition Table Doctor]
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InfoSync reported that, Motorola and MasterCard are conducting field tests of new mobile phones that include Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips embedded in them as part of a cashless payment system dubbed PayPass. The phones will be equipped with Near Field Communication (NFC) systems, which will allow them to communicate with nearby readers to, for instance, pay for small purchases or tickets for transit or events simply by passing their phone close to a reader.
: Recover deleted or lost partitions (FAT16/FAT32/NTFS/NTFS5/EXT2/EXT3/SWAP).
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*[http://www.diskinternals.com/ntfs-recovery/ NTFS Recovery]
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Once the phone and account has been identified by the RFID tag, the user's MasterCard account will be billed automatically by the network for the appropriate amount. MasterCard also sees potential for the phones as contactless readers, which it claims opens the door for "a variety of marketing and promotional applications", on which the company did not elaborate further.
: DiskInternals NTFS Recovery is a fully automatic utility that recovers data from damaged or formatted disks.
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*[http://www.stud.uni-hannover.de/user/76201/gpart/ gpart]
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The PayPass trials will be run by the end of the 2006 at various locations in the United States.
: Gpart is a tool which tries to guess the primary partition table of a PC-type hard disk in case the primary partition table in sector 0 is damaged, incorrect or deleted.
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*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk TestDisk]
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: [[TestDisk]] is an OpenSource software and is licensed under the GNU Public License (GPL).
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*[http://www.stellarinfo.com/partition-recovery.htm Partition Recovery Software]
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: Partition Recovery software for NTFS & FAT system that examines lost windows partition of damaged and corrupted hard drive.
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== See Also ==
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* [http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=166997 Using Norton Disk Edit to Backup Your Master Boot Record]
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== Notes ==
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* "fdisk /mbr" restores the boot code in the [[Master Boot Record]], but not the partition itself. On newer versions of Windows you should use fixmbr, bootrec, mbrfix, or [[MBRWizard]]. You can also extract a copy of the specific standard MBR code from tools like bootrec.exe and diskpart.exe in Windows (from various offsets) and copy it to disk with dd (Use bs=446 count=1). For Windows XP SP2 c:\%WINDIR%\System32\diskpart.exe the MBR code is found between offset 1b818h and 1ba17h.
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= Data Recovery =
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The term "Data Recovery" is frequently used to mean forensic recovery, but the term really should be used for recovering data from damaged media.
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* [http://www.cnwrecovery.com/  CnW Recovery]
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: Data recovery sofware for all file and media types.  Recovers corrupted, formatted, repartitioned and deleted files.  RAID option and tools for HP MediaVault.  Optional forensic logging.
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* [http://www.stellarinfo.com/ Stellar Data Recovery]
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: Data recovery software services & tools to recover lost data from hard drive.
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*[http://www.salvationdata.com/data-recovery-equipment/hd-doctor.htm HD Doctor Suite]
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: HD Doctor Suite is a set of professional tools used to fix firmware problem
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*[http://www.salvationdata.com SalvationDATA]
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: Claims to have a program that can read the "bad blocks" of Maxtor drives with proprietary commands.
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*[http://www.toolsthatwork.com/bringback.htm BringBack]
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: BringBack offers easy to use, inexpensive, and highly successful data recovery for Windows and Linux (ext2) operating systems and digital images stored on memory cards, etc.
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*[http://www.runtime.org/raid.htm RAID Reconstructor]
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: Runtime Software's RAID Reconstructor will reconstruct RAID Level 0 (Striping) and RAID Level 5 drives.
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* [http://www.e-rol.com/en/ e-ROL]
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: Erol allows you to recover through the internet files erased by mistake. Recover your files online for free.
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* [http://www.recuva.com/ Recuva]
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: Recuva is a freeware Windows tool that will recover accidentally deleted files.
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* [http://www.snapfiles.com/get/restoration.html Restoration]
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: Restoration is a freeware Windows software that will allow you to recover deleted files
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* [http://www.undelete-plus.com/ Undelete Plus]
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: Undelete Plus is a free deleted file recovery tool that works for all versions of Windows (95-Vista), FAT12/16/32, NTFS and NTFS5 filesystems and can perform recovery on various solid state devices.
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* [http://www.data-recovery-software.net/ R-Studio]
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: R-Studio is a data recovery software suite that can recover files from FAT(12-32), NTFS, NTFS 5, HFS/HFS+, FFS, UFS/UFS2 (*BSD, Solaris), Ext2/Ext3 (Linux) and so on.
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* [http://www.deepspar.com/ DeepSpar Disk Imager]
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: DeepSpar Disk Imager is a dedicated disk imaging device built to handle disk-level problems and to recover bad sectors on a hard drive.
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* [http://digital-assembly.com/products/adroit-photo-recovery/ Adroit Photo Recovery]
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: Adroit Photo Recovery is a photo recovery tool that uses validated carving and is able to recover fragmented photos. Adroit Photo Recovery is able
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: to recover high definition RAW images from Canon, Nikon etc.
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/freerecover/ FreeRecover]
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: FreeRecover is a small program that can recover deleted files from NTFS drives.
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See also [[Data Recovery Stories]]
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=Carving=
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*[http://www.cnwrecovery.com/ CnW Recovery]
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: Data carving tools and will recover most know file types.  For some formats the files are verified and intelligent names added based on file metadata.  Several video formats can be reconstructed from isolated fragments.
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*[http://www.datalifter.com/products.htm DataLifter® - File Extractor Pro]
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: Data carving runs on multiple threads to make use of modern processors
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/defraser/ NFI Defraser]
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: "Defraser is a forensic analysis application that can be used to detect full and partial multimedia files in datastreams. It is typically used to find (and restore) complete or partial video files in datastreams (for instance, unallocated diskspace)." Written in C#; runs on Windows.
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*[http://www.simplecarver.com/ Simple Carver Suite]
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: Simple Carver Suite is a collection of unique tools designed for a number of purposes including data recovery, forensic computing and eDiscovery. The suite was originally designed for data recovery and has since expanded to include unique file decoding, file identification and file classification.
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*[http://foremost.sourceforge.net/ Foremost]
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: Foremost is a console program to recover files based on their headers, footers, and internal data structures.
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*[http://www.digitalforensicssolutions.com/Scalpel/ Scalpel]
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: Scalpel is a fast file carver that reads a database of header and footer definitions and extracts matching files from a set of image files or raw device files. Scalpel is filesystem-independent and will carve files from FATx, NTFS, ext2/3, or raw partitions.
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*[[EnCase]]
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: EnCase comes with some enScripts that will do carving.
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*[[CarvFs]]
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: A virtual file system (fuse) implementation that can provide carving tools with the possibility to do recursive multi tool zero-storage carving (also called in-place carving). Patches and scripts for scalpel and foremost are provided. Works on raw and encase images.
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*[[LibCarvPath]]
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: A shared library that allows carving tools to use zero-storage carving on carvfs virtual files.
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*[http://greg-kennedy.com/nwserver/?p=10 midi-carver]
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: midi-carver is a data carver for MIDI files.
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*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/PhotoRec PhotoRec]
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: PhotoRec is file data recovery software designed to recover lost files including video, documents and archives from Hard Disks and CDRom and lost pictures (thus, its 'Photo Recovery' name) from digital camera memory.
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*[http://www.datarescue.com/photorescue/ PhotoRescue]
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: Datarescue PhotoRescue Advanced is picture and photo data recovery solution made by the creators of IDA Pro. PhotoRescue will undelete, unerase and recover pictures and files lost on corrupted, erased or damaged compact flash (CF) cards, SD Cards, Memory Sticks, SmartMedia and XD cards.
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/revit/ ReviveIt]
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: Revive It (RevIt) is an experimental carving tool, initially developed for the DFRWS 2006 carving challenge. It uses 'file structure based carving'. Note that RevIt currently is a work in progress.
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* [http://jbj.rapanden.dk/magicrescue/ Magic Rescue]
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: Magic Rescue is a file carving tool that uses "magic bytes" in a file contents to recover data.
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* [[FTK]]
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: FTK2 includes some file carvers
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* [[X-Ways]]
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: X-Ways Forensic provides a robust list of file types as well as the ability to specific custom file headers/trailers.  File types are available for carving, identification and filtering.
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*[[Adroit Photo Forensics]]
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: Adroit Photo Forensics supports data carving of popular image formats. Also supports fragmented carving using [[File_Carving:SmartCarving|SmartCarving]] and [[File_Carving:GuidedCarving|GuidedCarving]].
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*[http://belkasoft.com/bfc/en/forensic_carver.asp Belkasoft Forensic Carver], [http://belkasoft.com/bec/en/evidence_center.asp Belkasoft Evidence Center]
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: Belkasoft Forensic Carver and Belkasoft Evidence Center support data carving for Instant Messenger and Browser artifacts. These tools support carving of physical or logical Windows drives as well as popular forensic image formats like Encase Evidence Files, DD or SMART.
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Revision as of 18:57, 10 June 2007

RFID stands for Radio Frequency IDentification. It typically applies to a technology that uses radio waves to automatically identify people or objects. While there are various ways to identify, the most common is to store a serial number that represents a person or object identity and possibly other information, on a microchip that is attached to an antenna. Collectively the microchip and antenna represent a RFID transponder or an RFID tag. The antenna gives the chip ability to transmit identity information to a RFID reader. Then the RFID reader converts the radio waves into digital information that can then be passed to the computer for usage. RFID has been around since the 1970s. Since the radio waves from the low end of the electromagnetic spectrum, waves are safe as radio waves from a car radio.

RFID and Bar codes are different technologies and have different applications. The big difference between the two is bar codes are line-of-sight technology. A scanner requires a bar code be brought towards a scanner in order for it to be read. RFID on the other hand, doesn’t require line of sight. RFID tags can be read as long as they are within range of a RFID reader. If a label is somehow removed or damaged there is no way to scan the item.

Currently many forms and sizes such as personal items, services, and products use RFID worldwide. Currently in the United States, most public transportation such as trains, buses, and restaurants such as Mcdonald's all carry RFID receptacles that allow credit card transactions using MasterCard's PayPass. MasterCard PayPass is the payment feature that can be added to any MasterCard payment account to enable payments with a simple tap. PayPass is flexible enough that it can be built into cards or other devices such as key fobs, and can be used in markets that primarily issue smart cards or those that primarily issue magnetic stripe cards.

InfoSync reported that, Motorola and MasterCard are conducting field tests of new mobile phones that include Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips embedded in them as part of a cashless payment system dubbed PayPass. The phones will be equipped with Near Field Communication (NFC) systems, which will allow them to communicate with nearby readers to, for instance, pay for small purchases or tickets for transit or events simply by passing their phone close to a reader.

Once the phone and account has been identified by the RFID tag, the user's MasterCard account will be billed automatically by the network for the appropriate amount. MasterCard also sees potential for the phones as contactless readers, which it claims opens the door for "a variety of marketing and promotional applications", on which the company did not elaborate further.

The PayPass trials will be run by the end of the 2006 at various locations in the United States.