Difference between revisions of "Memory Imaging"

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(Created page with "{{expand}} Memory imaging is the process of making a bit-by-bit copy of memory, it is similar to Disk Imaging.")
 
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Memory imaging is the process of making a bit-by-bit copy of memory, it is similar to [[Disk Imaging]].
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Memory imaging is the process of making a bit-by-bit copy of memory. In principle it is similar to [[Disk Imaging]].
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For physical memory it is common to have sections that are not accessible, e.g. because of memory-mapped I/O
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The resulting copy is stored in a [[:Category:Forensics_File_Formats|Forensics image format]].
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Some of these formats have means to differentiate between an image of memory and e.g. that of a disk.
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== Methods ==
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=== Reading from the Physical Memory Object ===
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In [[Windows]] the Physical Memory Object, \\Device\PhysicalMemory, can be used the access physical memory. Since Windows 2003 SP1 user-mode access to this device-object is no longer permitted [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-en/library/cc787565(v=ws.10).aspx]. A kernel-mode process is still allowed to read from this device-object.
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=== MmMapIoSpace ===
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The MmMapIoSpace function (or routine) is kernel-mode function to map a physical address range to non-paged system space [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/hardware/ff554618(v=vs.85).aspx].
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== Also see ==
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* [[Memory analysis]]
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* [[:Tools:Memory_Imaging|Memory Imaging Tools]]
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== External Links ==
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory-mapped_I/O Wikipedia article on Memory-mapped I/O]
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* [http://www.dfrws.org/2013/proceedings/DFRWS2013-13.pdf Anti-forensic resilient memory acquisition], by [[Johannes Stuettgen]] and [[Michael Cohen]], DFRWS 2013
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* [http://takahiroharuyama.github.io/blog/2014/01/07/64bit-big-size-ram-acquisition-problem/ 64bit Big Sized RAM Image Acquisition Problem], by [[Takahiro haruyama]], January 7, 2014
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* [http://brimorlabs.blogspot.com/2014/01/all-memory-dumping-tools-are-not-same.html All memory dumping tools are not the same], by [[Brian Moran]], January 14, 2014
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[[Category:Memory Analysis]]

Revision as of 15:19, 14 January 2014

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Memory imaging is the process of making a bit-by-bit copy of memory. In principle it is similar to Disk Imaging.

For physical memory it is common to have sections that are not accessible, e.g. because of memory-mapped I/O

The resulting copy is stored in a Forensics image format. Some of these formats have means to differentiate between an image of memory and e.g. that of a disk.

Methods

Reading from the Physical Memory Object

In Windows the Physical Memory Object, \\Device\PhysicalMemory, can be used the access physical memory. Since Windows 2003 SP1 user-mode access to this device-object is no longer permitted [1]. A kernel-mode process is still allowed to read from this device-object.

MmMapIoSpace

The MmMapIoSpace function (or routine) is kernel-mode function to map a physical address range to non-paged system space [2].

Also see

External Links