Difference between pages "Upcoming events" and "Mac OS X"

From ForensicsWiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Calls For Papers)
 
m (EFI boot)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
<b>PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU EDIT THE LISTS BELOW</b><br>
+
{{Expand}}
Events should be posted in the correct section, and in date order.  An event should NEVER be listed in more than one section (i.e. Ongoing/Continuous events should not be listed in Scheduled Training).  When events begin the same day, events of a longer length should be listed first.  New postings of events with the same date(s) as other events should be added after events already in the list. If a provider offers the same event at several locations simultaneously, the listing should have a single (ONE) entry in the list with the date(s) and ALL locations for the event. Please use three-letter month abbreviations (i.e. Sep, NOT Sept. or September), use two digit dates (i.e. Jan 01 NOT Jan 1), and use date ranges rather than listing every date during an event(i.e. Jan 02-05, NOT Jan 02, 03, 04, 05).<br>
+
<i>Some conferences or training opportunities may be <u>limited</u> to <b>Law Enforcement Only</b> or to a specific audience.  Such restrictions should be noted when known.</i>
+
  
This is a BY DATE listing of upcoming conferences and training events relevant to [[digital forensics]].  It is not an all inclusive list, but includes most well-known activities.  Some events may duplicate events on the generic [[conferences]] page, but entries in this list have specific dates and locations for the upcoming event.
+
Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "'''OS Ten'''") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including [[Apple Mail]], a web browser called [[Apple Safari | Safari]], and an [[Apple Address Book]], and [[iCal]].  
  
This listing is divided into four sections (described as follows):<br>
+
== EFI boot ==
<ol><li><b><u>Calls For Papers</u></b> - Calls for papers for either Journals or for Conferences, relevant to Digital Forensics (Name, Closing Date, URL)</li><br>
+
* Configuration in nvram
<li><b><u>Conferences</u></b> - Conferences relevant for Digital Forensics (Name, Date, Location, URL)</li><br>
+
<li><b><u>On-Going / Continuous Training</u></b> - Training opportunities that are either always available online/distance learning format (start anytime) or that are offered the same time every month (Name, date-if applicable, URL)</li><br>
+
<li><b><u>[[Scheduled Training Courses]]</u></b> - Training Classes/Courses that are scheduled for specific dates/locations.  This would include online (or distance learning format) courses which begin on specific dates, instead of the "start anytime" courses listed in the previous section. (Name, Date(s), Location(s), URL) (''note: this has been moved to its own page.'')<br></li></ol>
+
  
The Conference and Training List is provided by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) Digital and Multimedia Sciences Section Listserv. 
+
The firmware looks for the boot partition in nvram.
<i> (Subscribe by sending an email to listserv@lists.mitre.org with message body containing SUBSCRIBE AAFS-DIGITAL-MULTIMEDIA-LIST)</i>
+
Requests for additions, deletions or corrections to this list may be sent by email to David Baker <i>(bakerd AT mitre.org)</i>.
+
  
== Calls For Papers ==
+
Mac OS X EFI boot process supports both MZ-PE/COFF and EFI fat binary type [[Executable executables]].
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
<pre>
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
/com.apple.recovery.boot/boot.efi
! Title
+
/System/Library/CoreServices/boot.efi
! Due Date
+
/usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi
! Website
+
</pre>
|-
+
|IEEE ICC Communication and Information Systems Security (CISS) Symposium
+
|Sep 8, 2008
+
|http://www.ieee-icc.org/2009/cfp.html
+
|-
+
|6th Australian Digital Forensics Conference
+
|Oct 11, 2008
+
|http://scissec.scis.ecu.edu.au/conferences2008/callforpapers.php?cf=2
+
|-
+
|5th Annual IFIP WG 11.9 International Conference on Digital Forensics
+
|Oct 15, 2008
+
|http://www.ifip119.org/Conferences/WG11-9-CFP-2009.pdf
+
|-
+
|ShmooCon 2009
+
|Dec 01, 2008
+
|http://www.shmoocon.org/cfp.html
+
|-
+
|Security Opus
+
|Dec 01, 2008
+
|http://www.securityopus.com/SORpapers.php
+
|-
+
|3rd Edition of Small Scale Digital Device Forensics Journal
+
|Jan 31, 2009
+
|http://www.ssddfj.org/Call.asp
+
|-
+
|4rd International Workshop on Systematic Approaches to Digital Forensic Engineering
+
|Feb 01, 2009
+
|http://conf.ncku.edu.tw/sadfe/sadfe09/
+
|-
+
|2009 ADFSL Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law
+
|Feb 20, 2009
+
|http://www.digitalforensics-conference.org/callforpapers.htm
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
== Conferences ==
+
== Disk image types ==
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! Title
+
! Date/Location
+
! Website
+
|-
+
|11th International Symposium on Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection
+
|Sep 15-17, Cambridge, MA
+
|http://www.ll.mit.edu/IST/RAID2008/
+
|-
+
|4th International Conference on IT Incident Management & IT Forensics
+
|Sep 23-25, Mannheim,  Germany
+
|http://www.imf-conference.org/
+
|-
+
|Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) AppSec 2008 Conference
+
|Sep 24-25, New York City, NY
+
|http://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_NYC_AppSec_2008_Conference
+
|-
+
|VB2008 anti-malware conference
+
|Oct 01-03, Ottawa, Canada
+
|http://www.virusbtn.com/conference/vb2008/
+
|-
+
|ENFSI Forensic IT Working Group meeting Limited to law enforcement
+
|Oct 01-03, Madrid, Spain
+
|http://www.enfsi.eu/page.php?uid=2
+
|-
+
|ANZFSS - 19th International Symposium on the Forensic Sciences
+
|Oct 06-09, Melbourne, Australia
+
|http://www.anzfss2008.org.au/
+
|-
+
|13th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security
+
|Oct 06-08, Malaga, Spain
+
|http://www.isac.uma.es/esorics08/
+
|-
+
|Economic and High Tech Crime Summit 2008
+
|Oct 07-08, Memphis, TN
+
|http://summit.nw3c.org/
+
|-
+
|3rd International Conference on Malicious and Unwanted Software
+
|Oct 07-08, Alexandria, VA
+
|http://isiom.wssrl.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=45&Itemid=53
+
|-
+
|First Eurasian Congress of Forensic Sciences
+
|Oct 08-11, Istanbul, Turkey
+
|http://www.adlitip2008.com/indexen.asp
+
|-
+
|3nd International Annual Workshop on Digital Forensics & Incident Analysis
+
|Oct 09, Malaga, Spain
+
|http://www.icsd.aegean.gr/wdfia08/
+
|-
+
|Anti-Phishing Working Group eCrime Researchers Summit
+
|Oct 15-16, Atlanta, GA
+
|http://www.ecrimeresearch.org/
+
|-
+
|2008 HTCIA International Training Conference
+
|Oct 22-28, Atlantic City, NJ
+
|http://www.htcia.org/conference.shtml
+
|-
+
|2008 International Video Evidence Symposium and Training Conference
+
|Oct 22-24, Orlando, FL
+
|http://leva.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=56&Itemid=98
+
|-
+
|Hack in the Box Security Conference 2008
+
|Oct 27-30, Malaysia
+
|http://conference.hitb.org/hitbsecconf2008kl/
+
|-
+
|Paraben Forensics Innovation Conference
+
|Nov 09-12, Park City, UT
+
|http://www.pfic2008.com/
+
|-
+
|DeepSec 2008
+
|Nov 11-14, Vienna, Austria
+
|https://deepsec.net/
+
|-
+
|6th Australian Digital Forensics Conference
+
|Dec 01-03, Mount Lawley, WA, Australia
+
|http://scissec.scis.ecu.edu.au/conferences2008/index.php?cf=2
+
|-
+
|Digital Forensics Forum Arabia 2008
+
|Dec 15-17, Manama, Bahrain
+
|http://dff-worldwide.com/index.php?page=dff-arabia-2008-conference&hl=en_US
+
|-
+
|2009 DoD Cyber Crime Conference
+
|Jan 24-30, St. Louis, MO
+
|http://www.dodcybercrime.com/
+
|-
+
|5th Annual IFIP WG 11.9 International Conference on Digital Forensics
+
|Jan 25-28, Orlando, FL
+
|http://www.ifip119.org/Conferences/
+
|-
+
|ShmooCon 2009
+
|Feb 06-08, Washington, DC
+
|http://www.shmoocon.org/
+
|-
+
|American Academy of Forensic Sciences Annual Meeting
+
|Feb 16-21, Denver, CO
+
|http://www.aafs.org/default.asp?section_id=meetings&page_id=aafs_annual_meeting
+
|-
+
|24th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing - Computer Forensics Track
+
|Mar 08-12, Honolulu, HI
+
|http://www.acm.org/conferences/sac/sac2009
+
|-
+
|ARES 2009 Conference
+
|Mar 16-19, Fukuoka, Japan
+
|http://www.ares-conference.eu/conf/
+
|-
+
|Fourth International Workshop on Systematic Approaches to Digital Forensic Engineering
+
|May 22, Oakland, CA
+
|http://conf.ncku.edu.tw/sadfe/sadfe09/
+
|-
+
|ADFSL 2009 Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law
+
|May 20-22, Burlington, VT
+
|http://www.digitalforensics-conference.org
+
|-
+
|2009 Techno Security Conference
+
|May 31- Jun 03, Myrtle Beach, SC
+
|http://www.techsec.com/index.html
+
|-
+
|Mobile Forensics World 2009
+
|Jun 03 - Jun 06, Chicago, IL
+
|http://www.mobileforensicsworld.com
+
|-
+
|IEEE ICC Communication and Information Systems Security (CISS) Symposium
+
|Jun 14-18, Dresden, Germany
+
|http://www.ieee-icc.org/2009/
+
|-
+
|Digital Forensic Research Workshop
+
|Aug 17-19, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
+
|http://www.dfrws.org
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
== On-going / Continuous Training ==
+
Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
* read-write disk image (.dmg) some of which use the [[Raw Image Format]]
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
* [[Sparse Image format|Sparse disk image (.spareimage)]]
! Title
+
* [[Sparse Bundle Image format|Sparse bundle disk image (.sparsebundle)]]
! Date/Location or Venue
+
! Website
+
|-
+
| ----DISTANCE LEARNING----
+
|-
+
|Basic Computer Examiner Course - Computer Forensic Training Online
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.cftco.com
+
|-
+
|Linux Data Forensics Training
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.crazytrain.com/training.html
+
|-
+
|SANS On-Demand Training
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.sans.org/ondemand/?portal=69456f95660ade45be29c00b0c14aea1
+
|-
+
| ----RECURRING TRAINING----
+
|-
+
|MaresWare Suite Training
+
|First full week every month, Atlanta, GA
+
|http://www.maresware.com/maresware/training/maresware.htm
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Vista&trade;
+
|First full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Server&reg; 2003 R2
+
|Second full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for the Windows XP&trade; operating system
+
|Third full week every month, Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Computer Forensics Training and CCE&trade; Testing for Litigation Support Professionals
+
|Third weekend of every month (Fri-Mon), Dallas, TX
+
|http://www.md5group.com
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
==[[Scheduled Training Courses]]==
+
== Burn Folder ==
 +
 
 +
Mac OS X Burn Folder:
 +
<pre>
 +
$NAME.fpbf
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
This folder normally contains [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.
 +
<pre>
 +
00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
These [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] contain additional date and time values.
 +
 
 +
Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Actual burning of optical media is logged in:
 +
<pre>
 +
/var/log/system.log
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
 +
/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== HFS/HFS+ date and time values ==
 +
 
 +
In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: [http://web.archive.org/web/20090214212148/http://developer.apple.com/technotes/tn/tn1150.html Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format]
 +
 
 +
Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:
 +
<pre>
 +
import datetime
 +
 
 +
print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Launch Agents ==
 +
System-wide:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/LaunchAgents
 +
/System/Library/LaunchAgents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Per user:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
These directories contain  [[Property list (plist)]] files.
 +
 
 +
== Launch Daemons ==
 +
System-wide:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/LaunchDaemons
 +
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
These directories contain [[Property list (plist)]] files.
 +
 
 +
== Startup Items ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/StartupItems/
 +
/System/Library/StartupItems/
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Crash Reporter ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Contains text files named .crash, .diag, .spin
 +
 
 +
== Diagnostic Reports ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Internet Plug-Ins ==
 +
System-wide:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Internet Plug-Ins
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Per user:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Internet Plug-Ins
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Quarantine event database ==
 +
See [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/]
 +
 
 +
Snow Leopard and earlier
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Lion and later
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== sleepimage ==
 +
This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.
 +
<pre>
 +
/private/var/vm/sleepimage
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Also see: [http://osxdaily.com/2010/10/11/sleepimage-mac/]
 +
 
 +
== Last shutdown logs ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log
 +
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log.1
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Package Files (.PKG) ==
 +
Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xar_(archiver)] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [http://s.sudre.free.fr/Stuff/Ivanhoe/FLAT.html].
 +
 
 +
== Also see ==
 +
* [[MacOS Process Monitoring]]
 +
* [[Acquiring a MacOS System with Target Disk Mode]]
 +
* [[Converting Binary Plists]]
 +
* [[FileVault Disk Encryption]]
 +
* [[File Vault]]
 +
 
 +
=== Formats ===
 +
* [[Basic Security Module (BSM) file format]]
 +
* [[Property list (plist)]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [http://www.apple.com/macosx/ Official website]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS_X Wikipedia entry on OS X]
 +
* [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/ Quarantine event database]
 +
* [http://www2.tech.purdue.edu/cit/Courses/cit556/readings/MacForensicsCraiger.pdf Mac Forensics: Mac OS X and the HFS+ File System] by P. Craiger
 +
* [http://web.me.com/driley/iWeb/Previous_files/Directory_Services_Overview.pdf Mac OS X Directory Services Integration including Active Directory]
 +
* [http://digitalinvestigation.wordpress.com/2012/04/04/geek-post-nskeyedarchiver-files-what-are-they-and-how-can-i-use-them/ NSKeyedArchiver files – what are they, and how can I use them?]
 +
* [http://krypted.com/mac-os-x/command-line-alf-on-mac-os-x/ Command Line ALF on Mac OS X]
 +
* [http://newosxbook.com/DMG.html Demystifying the DMG File Format]
 +
* [https://code.google.com/p/mac-security-tips/wiki/ALL_THE_TIPS mac-security-tips]
 +
 
 +
=== Apple Examiner ===
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/ The Apple Examiner]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/MacsAndOS/Analysis/USBOSX/USBOSX.html USB Entries on OS X]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/Downloads/MacForensics.pdf Macintosh Forensics - A Guide for the Forensically Sound Examination of a Macintosh Computer] by Ryan R. Kubasiak
 +
 
 +
=== EFI ===
 +
* [http://ho.ax/posts/2012/02/carving-up-efi-fat-binaries/ Carving up EFI fat binaries], by snare, February 24, 2012
 +
 
 +
=== iCloud ===
 +
* [http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4865?viewlocale=en_US&locale=en_US iCloud: iCloud security and privacy overview]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Mac OS X]]
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]

Revision as of 05:03, 25 June 2014

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "OS Ten") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including Apple Mail, a web browser called Safari, and an Apple Address Book, and iCal.

EFI boot

  • Configuration in nvram

The firmware looks for the boot partition in nvram.

Mac OS X EFI boot process supports both MZ-PE/COFF and EFI fat binary type Executable executables.

/com.apple.recovery.boot/boot.efi
/System/Library/CoreServices/boot.efi
/usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi

Disk image types

Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:

Burn Folder

Mac OS X Burn Folder:

$NAME.fpbf

This folder normally contains alias files (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.

00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|

These alias files contain additional date and time values.

Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist

Actual burning of optical media is logged in:

/var/log/system.log
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log

HFS/HFS+ date and time values

In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format

Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:

import datetime

print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )

Launch Agents

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchAgents
/System/Library/LaunchAgents

Per user:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Launch Daemons

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchDaemons
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Startup Items

/Library/StartupItems/
/System/Library/StartupItems/

Crash Reporter

/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter

Contains text files named .crash, .diag, .spin

Diagnostic Reports

/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports

Internet Plug-Ins

System-wide:

/Library/Internet Plug-Ins

Per user:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Internet Plug-Ins

Quarantine event database

See [1]

Snow Leopard and earlier

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;

Lion and later

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2

sleepimage

This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.

/private/var/vm/sleepimage

Also see: [2]

Last shutdown logs

/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log.1

Package Files (.PKG)

Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [3] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [4].

Also see

Formats

External Links

Apple Examiner

EFI

iCloud