Difference between pages "Training Courses and Providers" and "Mac OS X"

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(COMMERCIAL TRAINING)
 
m (EFI boot)
 
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This is the list of Training Providers, who offer training courses of interest to practitioners and researchers in the field of Digital Forensics.  Conferences which may include training are located on the [[Upcoming_events]] page. 
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{{Expand}}
  
<b>PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU EDIT THE LIST BELOW</b><br>
+
Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "'''OS Ten'''") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including [[Apple Mail]], a web browser called [[Apple Safari | Safari]], and an [[Apple Address Book]], and [[iCal]].  
Some training providers offer on-going training courses that are available in an on-line "any time" format. Others have regularly scheduled training that is the same time each month. Others have recurring training but are scheduled at various times throughout the year. Providers training courses should be listed in alphabetical order, and should be listed in the appropriate section.  Non-Commercial training is typically offered by governmental agencies or organizations that directly support law enforcement.  Tool Vendor training is training offered directly by a specific tool vendor, which may apply broadly, but generally is oriented to the vendor's specific tool (or tool suite).  Commercial Training is training offered by commercial companies which may or may not be oriented to a specific tool/tool suite, but is offered by a company other than a tool vendor.
+
  
<i>Some training opportunities may be <u>limited</u> to <b>Law Enforcement Only</b> or to a specific audience.  Such restrictions should be noted when known.</i>
+
== EFI boot ==
== On-going / Continuous Training ==
+
* Configuration in nvram
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! width="40%"|Title
+
! width="20%"|Date/Location
+
! width="40%"|Website
+
|-
+
|- style="background:pink;align:left"
+
! DISTANCE LEARNING
+
|-
+
|Basic Computer Examiner Course - Computer Forensic Training Online
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.cftco.com
+
|-
+
|Linux Data Forensics Training
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.crazytrain.com/training.html
+
|-
+
|SANS On-Demand Training
+
|Distance Learning Format
+
|http://www.sans.org/ondemand/?portal=69456f95660ade45be29c00b0c14aea1
+
|-
+
|Champlain College - CCE Course
+
|Online / Distance Learning Format
+
|http://extra.champlain.edu/cps/wdc/alliances/cce/landing/
+
|-
+
|Las Positas College
+
|Online Computer Forensics Courses
+
|http://www.laspositascollege.edu
+
|-
+
|- style="background:pink;align:left"
+
!RECURRING TRAINING
+
|-
+
|MaresWare Suite Training
+
|First full week every month<br>Atlanta, GA
+
|http://www.maresware.com/maresware/training/maresware.htm
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Vista&trade;
+
|First full week every month<br>Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for Windows Server&reg; 2003 R2
+
|Second full week every month<br>Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Evidence Recovery for the Windows XP&trade; operating system
+
|Third full week every month<br>Brunswick, GA
+
|http://www.internetcrimes.net
+
|-
+
|Computer Forensics Training and CCE&trade; Testing for Litigation Support Professionals
+
|Third weekend of every month(Fri-Mon)<br>Dallas, TX
+
|http://www.md5group.com
+
|-
+
|}
+
==NON-COMMERCIAL TRAINING==
+
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
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|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! width="40%"|Title
+
! width="40%"|Website
+
! width="20%"|Limitation
+
|-
+
|Defense Cyber Investigations Training Academy (DCITA)
+
|http://www.dc3.mil/dcita/dcitaAbout.php
+
|Limited To Certain Roles within US Government Agencies[http://www.dc3.mil/dcita/dcitaRegistration.php (1)]
+
|-
+
|Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
+
|http://www.fletc.gov/training/programs/technical-operations-division
+
|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
+
|MSU National Forensics Training Center
+
|http://www.security.cse.msstate.edu/ftc
+
|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
+
|IACIS
+
|http://www.iacis.com/training/course_listings
+
|Limited To Law Enforcement and Affiliate Members of IACIS
+
|-
+
|SEARCH
+
|http://www.search.org/programs/hightech/courses/
+
|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
+
|National White Collar Crime Center
+
|http://www.nw3c.org/ocr/courses_desc.cfm
+
|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
==TOOL VENDOR TRAINING==
+
The firmware looks for the boot partition in nvram.
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! width="40%"|Title
+
! width="40%"|Website
+
! width="20%"|Limitation
+
|-
+
|AccessData (Forensic Tool Kit FTK)
+
|http://www.accessdata.com/courses.html
+
|-
+
|ASR Data (SMART)
+
|http://www.asrdata.com/training/
+
|-
+
|ATC-NY (P2P Marshal, Mac Marshal)
+
|http://p2pmarshal.atc-nycorp.com/index.php/training http://macmarshal.atc-nycorp.com/index.php/training
+
|-
+
|BlackBag Technologies (Mac Forensic Tools- BlackLight and SoftBlock)
+
|https://www.blackbagtech.com/training.html
+
|-
+
|Cellebrite (UFED)
+
|http://www.forwarddiscovery.com
+
|-
+
|CPR Tools (Data Recovery)
+
|http://www.cprtools.net/training.php
+
|-
+
|Digital Intelligence (FRED Forensics Platform)
+
|http://www.digitalintelligence.com/forensictraining.php
+
|-
+
|e-fense, Inc. (Helix3 Pro)
+
|http://www.e-fense.com/training/index.php
+
|-
+
|Guidance Software (EnCase)
+
|http://www.guidancesoftware.com/computer-forensics-training-courses.htm
+
|-
+
|Micro Systemation (XRY)
+
|http://www.msab.com/training/
+
|-
+
|Nuix (eDiscovery)
+
|http://www.nuix.com.au/eDiscovery.asp?active_page_id=147
+
|-
+
|Paraben (Paraben Suite)
+
|http://www.paraben-training.com/training.html
+
|-
+
|Software Analysis & Forensic Engineering (CodeSuite)
+
|http://www.safe-corp.biz/training.htm
+
|-
+
|Technology Pathways(ProDiscover)
+
|http://www.techpathways.com/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabindex=6&tabid=9
+
|-
+
|SubRosaSoft (MacForensicsLab)
+
|http://www.macforensicslab.com/ProductsAndServices/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=2
+
|-
+
|WetStone Technologies (Gargoyle, Stego Suite, LiveWire Investigator)
+
|https://www.wetstonetech.com/trainings.html
+
|-
+
|X-Ways Forensics (X-Ways Forensics)
+
|http://www.x-ways.net/training/
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
==COMMERCIAL TRAINING==
+
Mac OS X EFI boot process supports both MZ-PE/COFF and EFI fat binary type [[Executable executables]].
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
<pre>
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
/com.apple.recovery.boot/boot.efi
! width="40%"|Title
+
/System/Library/CoreServices/boot.efi
! width="40%"|Website
+
/usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi
! width="20%"|Limitation
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|BerlaCorp iOS and GPS Forensics Training
+
== Disk image types ==
|http://www.berlacorp.com/training.html
+
 
|-
+
Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:
|Computer Forensic Training Center Online (CFTCO)
+
* read-write disk image (.dmg) some of which use the [[Raw Image Format]]
|http://www.cftco.com/
+
* [[Sparse Image format|Sparse disk image (.spareimage)]]
|-
+
* [[Sparse Bundle Image format|Sparse bundle disk image (.sparsebundle)]]
|CCE Bootcamp
+
 
|http://www.cce-bootcamp.com/
+
== Burn Folder ==
|-
+
 
|Dera Forensics Group
+
Mac OS X Burn Folder:
|http://www.deraforensicgroup.com/courses.htm
+
<pre>
|-
+
$NAME.fpbf
|e-fense Training
+
</pre>
|http://www.e-fense.com/training/index.php
+
 
|-
+
This folder normally contains [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.
|Forward Discovery, Inc.
+
<pre>
|http://www.forwarddiscovery.com
+
00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|
|-
+
</pre>
|H-11 Digital Forensics
+
 
|http://www.h11-digital-forensics.com/training/viewclasses.php
+
These [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] contain additional date and time values.
|-
+
 
|High Tech Crime Institute
+
Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:
|http://www.gohtci.com
+
<pre>
|-
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
|Hoffmann Advanced Forensic Sessions
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist
|http://en.hoffmannbv.nl/index.cfm/t/Hoffmann_Advanced_Forensic_Sessions/vid/990B3B29-FD6A-6F79-58B3C841381DB7AF
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|Infosec Institute
+
Actual burning of optical media is logged in:
|http://www.infosecinstitute.com/courses/security_training_courses.html
+
<pre>
|-
+
/var/log/system.log
|Intense School (a subsidiary of Infosec Institute)
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
|http://www.intenseschool.com/schedules
+
/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
|-
+
</pre>
|ManTech Computer Security Training
+
 
|http://www.mantech.com/capabilities/comptraining.asp
+
== HFS/HFS+ date and time values ==
|-
+
 
|Mobile Forensics, Inc
+
In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: [http://web.archive.org/web/20090214212148/http://developer.apple.com/technotes/tn/tn1150.html Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format]
|http://mobileforensicsinc.com/
+
 
|-
+
Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:
|NetSecurity
+
<pre>
|http://www.netsecurity.com/training/registration_schedule.html
+
import datetime
|-
+
 
|NID Forensics Academy (Certified Digital Forensic Investigator - CDFI Program)
+
print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )
|http://www.nidforensics.com.br/
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|NTI (an Armor Forensics Company)
+
== Launch Agents ==
|http://www.forensics-intl.com/training.html
+
System-wide:
|-
+
<pre>
|Security University
+
/Library/LaunchAgents
|http://www.securityuniversity.net/classes.php
+
/System/Library/LaunchAgents
|-
+
</pre>
|Steganography Analysis and Research Center (SARC)
+
 
|http://www.sarc-wv.com/training.aspx
+
Per user:
|-
+
<pre>
|Sumuri - Forensics Simplified
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents
|http://sumuri.com/
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security Institute (SANS)
+
These directories contain  [[Property list (plist)]] files.
|http://computer-forensics.sans.org/course/
+
 
|-
+
== Launch Daemons ==
|Teel Technologies Mobile Device Forensics Training
+
System-wide:
|http://www.teeltech.com/tt3/training.asp
+
<pre>
|-
+
/Library/LaunchDaemons
|Zeidman Consulting (MCLE)
+
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons
|http://www.zeidmanconsulting.com/speaking.htm
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|}
+
These directories contain [[Property list (plist)]] files.
 +
 
 +
== Startup Items ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/StartupItems/
 +
/System/Library/StartupItems/
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Crash Reporter ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Contains text files named .crash, .diag, .spin
 +
 
 +
== Diagnostic Reports ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Internet Plug-Ins ==
 +
System-wide:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Internet Plug-Ins
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Per user:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Internet Plug-Ins
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Quarantine event database ==
 +
See [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/]
 +
 
 +
Snow Leopard and earlier
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Lion and later
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== sleepimage ==
 +
This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.
 +
<pre>
 +
/private/var/vm/sleepimage
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Also see: [http://osxdaily.com/2010/10/11/sleepimage-mac/]
 +
 
 +
== Last shutdown logs ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log
 +
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log.1
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Package Files (.PKG) ==
 +
Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xar_(archiver)] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [http://s.sudre.free.fr/Stuff/Ivanhoe/FLAT.html].
 +
 
 +
== Also see ==
 +
* [[MacOS Process Monitoring]]
 +
* [[Acquiring a MacOS System with Target Disk Mode]]
 +
* [[Converting Binary Plists]]
 +
* [[FileVault Disk Encryption]]
 +
* [[File Vault]]
 +
 
 +
=== Formats ===
 +
* [[Basic Security Module (BSM) file format]]
 +
* [[Property list (plist)]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [http://www.apple.com/macosx/ Official website]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS_X Wikipedia entry on OS X]
 +
* [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/ Quarantine event database]
 +
* [http://www2.tech.purdue.edu/cit/Courses/cit556/readings/MacForensicsCraiger.pdf Mac Forensics: Mac OS X and the HFS+ File System] by P. Craiger
 +
* [http://web.me.com/driley/iWeb/Previous_files/Directory_Services_Overview.pdf Mac OS X Directory Services Integration including Active Directory]
 +
* [http://digitalinvestigation.wordpress.com/2012/04/04/geek-post-nskeyedarchiver-files-what-are-they-and-how-can-i-use-them/ NSKeyedArchiver files – what are they, and how can I use them?]
 +
* [http://krypted.com/mac-os-x/command-line-alf-on-mac-os-x/ Command Line ALF on Mac OS X]
 +
* [http://newosxbook.com/DMG.html Demystifying the DMG File Format]
 +
* [https://code.google.com/p/mac-security-tips/wiki/ALL_THE_TIPS mac-security-tips]
 +
 
 +
=== Apple Examiner ===
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/ The Apple Examiner]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/MacsAndOS/Analysis/USBOSX/USBOSX.html USB Entries on OS X]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/Downloads/MacForensics.pdf Macintosh Forensics - A Guide for the Forensically Sound Examination of a Macintosh Computer] by Ryan R. Kubasiak
 +
 
 +
=== EFI ===
 +
* [http://ho.ax/posts/2012/02/carving-up-efi-fat-binaries/ Carving up EFI fat binaries], by snare, February 24, 2012
 +
 
 +
=== iCloud ===
 +
* [http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4865?viewlocale=en_US&locale=en_US iCloud: iCloud security and privacy overview]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Mac OS X]]
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]

Revision as of 06:03, 25 June 2014

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "OS Ten") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including Apple Mail, a web browser called Safari, and an Apple Address Book, and iCal.

EFI boot

  • Configuration in nvram

The firmware looks for the boot partition in nvram.

Mac OS X EFI boot process supports both MZ-PE/COFF and EFI fat binary type Executable executables.

/com.apple.recovery.boot/boot.efi
/System/Library/CoreServices/boot.efi
/usr/standalone/i386/boot.efi

Disk image types

Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:

Burn Folder

Mac OS X Burn Folder:

$NAME.fpbf

This folder normally contains alias files (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.

00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|

These alias files contain additional date and time values.

Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist

Actual burning of optical media is logged in:

/var/log/system.log
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log

HFS/HFS+ date and time values

In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format

Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:

import datetime

print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )

Launch Agents

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchAgents
/System/Library/LaunchAgents

Per user:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Launch Daemons

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchDaemons
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Startup Items

/Library/StartupItems/
/System/Library/StartupItems/

Crash Reporter

/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter

Contains text files named .crash, .diag, .spin

Diagnostic Reports

/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports

Internet Plug-Ins

System-wide:

/Library/Internet Plug-Ins

Per user:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Internet Plug-Ins

Quarantine event database

See [1]

Snow Leopard and earlier

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;

Lion and later

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2

sleepimage

This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.

/private/var/vm/sleepimage

Also see: [2]

Last shutdown logs

/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log
/private/var/log/com.apple.launchd/launchd-shutdown.system.log.1

Package Files (.PKG)

Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [3] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [4].

Also see

Formats

External Links

Apple Examiner

EFI

iCloud