Difference between pages "Oxygen PM II" and "Windows Registry"

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==File Locations==
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The Windows Registry is stored in multiple files.
  
===Oxygen Phone Manager II for Symbian OS Smartphones===
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===Windows NT 4 ===
 +
In Windows NT 4 (and later) the Registry is stored in the [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)]] format.
  
Oxygen Phone Manager II for Symbian OS smartphones v2.7.6 is an extended forensic mode of data access which is compatible with Windows and supports a wide range of phone-connectivity options, including Bluetooth. While users gain total access to the content of Symbian-powered phones, they leave data untouched with no noticeable changes.
+
Basically the following Registry hives are stored in the corresponding files:
 +
* HKEY_USERS: \Documents and Setting\User Profile\NTUSER.DAT
 +
* HKEY_USERS\DEFAULT: C:\Windows\system32\config\default
 +
* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM: C:\Windows\system32\config\SAM
 +
* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY: C:\Windows\system32\config\SECURITY
 +
* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE: C:\Windows\system32\config\software
 +
* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM: C:\Windows\system32\config\system
  
The program reads the content of a phone and stores it as an image on the hard drive. This relieves users from running synchronization and ensures faster data access with more efficient processing. Oxygen Phone Manager II consists of options to access and edit contacts, calendar items, to-do tasks, messages and multimedia content. The data can also be exported to other standard applications, such as MS Outlook and Address Book etc. The image saved to the hard drive also serves as a backup copy. It protects you against accidental loss of valuable forensic evidence. It ensures fast migration between phones of different models and producers. At the same time, Oxygen Phone Manager II allows a full-scale interactive access to phone content. You can use PC to edit and send out messages, create or import contacts, access and modify multimedia content. The program is a go-between that immediately translates content changes between two operating systems. They can access contacts, calendar, to-dos and the gallery from a tree of expandable folders. There is a details panel in the phone browser that shows the file size and other attributes. It also shows the overall size and number of images, melodies and video clips, and their drive in which they are present (local, flash card or ROM).  
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===Windows 98/ME===
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* \Windows\user.dat
 +
* \Windows\system.dat
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* \Windows\profiles\user profile\user.dat
  
Separate windows show contacts, calendar items and to-dos. The fields accessible from menus and submenus in Symbian media appear in one grid and are easy to revise. It has an Outlook-style interface provides access to Unicode SMS, MMS, e-mail and other messages. It offers many options that you have in an email service such as file attachment support, a reply with the original message included, a one-click attachment playback, and others.
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== Keys ==
  
Oxygen Phone Manager II Forensic Edition Features at a Glance –
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=== Run/RunOnce ===
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System-wide:
* No data can be loaded into the program
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<pre>
* No changes can be written to the phone
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HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
* Support for Symbian-powered smartphones (Nokia, Sony Ericsson, Motorola, BenQ, Panasonic, Vodafone, etc.)
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HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
* Support for cable and wireless connectivity (IrDA, Bluetooth)
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</pre>
* Interactive access to contacts, calendar items, to-dos, messages, and multimedia content
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* Ability to save phone contents to a hard drive and flash drives
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* Support for Unicode SMS, MMS, e-mail, BIO and other message formats
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* Ad-hoc data editing in separate edit windows
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* Data export and import capabilities to PST, WAB, CSV, XML and other formats
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* Support for RNG, MID, WAV, AMR, AWB, MP3, AU, and XMF multimedia formats
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* Contact editing from both phonebook and vCard window
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* Easy management of meetings, reminders, anniversary, and other calendar items
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* Add-ons for Arabic, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Turkish languages
+
  
===Oxygen Phone Manager II for Nokia, Samsung, Mobiado Cell Phones===
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Per user:
 +
<pre>
 +
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
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HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce
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</pre>
  
===Links===
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== Special cases ==
[http://www.opm-2.com/Forensic/ Oxygen Phone Manager II Forensic Edition]
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The Windows Registry has several special case scenarios, mainly concerning key and value name, that are easy to fail to account for:
 +
* special characters key and value names
 +
* duplicate key and value names
 +
* the names when stored in extended ASCII (ANSI string) use a codepage that is dependent on the system settings
 +
 
 +
=== special characters key and value names ===
 +
Both key and values names are case insensitive. The \ character is used as the key separator. Note
 +
that the \ character can be used in value names. The / character is used in both key and value names.
 +
Some examples of which are:
 +
<pre>
 +
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\Services\NetBT\Parameters\
 +
Value: Size/Small/Medium/Large
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Terminal Server\VIDEO\disc\
 +
Value: \Device\Video0
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
Key:
 +
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\services\xmlprov\Parameters\SchemaGroups\User\http://www.microsoft.com/provisioning/eaptlsuserpropertiesv1\
 +
Value: SchemaFile
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
=== codepaged ASCII strings ===
 +
 
 +
Value with name "ëigenaardig" created on Windows XP codepage 1252.
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
value key data:
 +
00000000: 76 6b 0b 00 46 00 00 00  20 98 1a 00 01 00 00 00  vk..F...  .......
 +
00000010: 01 00 69 6e eb 69 67 65  6e 61 61 72 64 69 67 00  ..in.ige naardig.
 +
00000020: 55 4e 49 43                                        UNIC
 +
 
 +
value key signature                    : vk
 +
value key value name size              : 11
 +
value key data size                    : 0x00000046 (70)
 +
value key data offset                  : 0x001a9820
 +
value key data type                    : 1 (REG_SZ) String
 +
value key flags                        : 0x0001
 +
        Value name is an ASCII string
 +
 
 +
value key unknown1                      : 0x6e69 (28265)
 +
value key value name                    : ëigenaardig
 +
value key value name hash              : 0xb78835ee
 +
value key padding:
 +
00000000: 00 55 4e 49 43                                    .UNIC
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
As you can see the name is stored in extended ASCII (ANSI) using codepage 1252.
 +
 
 +
==Tools==
 +
===Open Source===
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* [https://www.pinguin.lu/index.php Forensic Registry EDitor (fred)] - "Forensic Registry EDitor (fred) is a cross-platform M$ registry hive editor" by [[Daniel Gillen]]
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* [http://projects.sentinelchicken.org/data/doc/reglookup/regfi/ libregfi] - The regfi library is a read-only NT registry library which serves as the main engine behind the reglookup tool
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* [http://projects.sentinelchicken.org/reglookup/ reglookup] — "small command line utility for reading and querying Windows NT-based registries."
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* [http://sourceforge.net/projects/regviewer/ regviewer] — a tool for looking at the registry.
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* [[Regripper|RegRipper]] — "the fastest, easiest, and best tool for registry analysis in forensics examinations."
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* [http://search.cpan.org/~jmacfarla/Parse-Win32Registry-0.51/lib/Parse/Win32Registry.pm Parse::Win32Registry] Perl module.
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* [http://www.williballenthin.com/registry/index.html python-registry] Python module.
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* [http://code.google.com/p/registrydecoder/ Registry Decoder] offline analysis component, by [[Andrew Case]]
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* [http://code.google.com/p/registrydecoder/ RegDecoderLive] live hive acquisition component, by [[Andrew Case]]
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* [[libregf]] - Library and tools to access the Windows NT Registry File (REGF) format
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* [[Registryasxml]] - Tool to import/export registry sections as XML
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* [http://samba.org/~jelmer/kregedit/ kregedit] - a KDE utility for viewing and editing registry files.
 +
* [http://www.bindview.com/Services/RAZOR/Utilities/Unix_Linux/ntreg_readme.cfm ntreg] a file system driver for linux, which understands the NT registry file format.
 +
 
 +
===Freeware===
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* [http://www.tzworks.net/prototype_page.php?proto_id=3 Yet Another Registry Utility (yaru)] Free tool that can be run on Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X. If run in admin mode, allows viewing of registry hives on live system.
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.tzworks.net/prototype_page.php?proto_id=14 Windows ShellBag Parser] Free tool that can be run on Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X.
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 +
* [http://tzworks.net/prototype_page.php?proto_id=19 ''cafae''] - Computer Account Forensic Artifact Extractor.  Free tool that can be run on Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X to parse ntuser.dat hives.
 +
 
 +
===Commercial===
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* [http://www.abexo.com/free-registry-cleaner.htm Abexo Free Regisry Cleaner]
 +
* [http://www.auslogics.com/registry-defrag Auslogics Registry Defrag]
 +
* [http://lastbit.com/arv/ Alien Registry Viewer]
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* [http://www.larshederer.homepage.t-online.de/erunt/index.htm NT Registry Optimizer]
 +
* [http://www.registry-clean.net/free-registry-defrag.htm iExpert Software-Free Registry Defrag]
 +
* [http://arsenalrecon.com/apps Registry Recon]
 +
* [http://paullee.ru/regundel Registry Undelete (russian)]
 +
* [http://mitec.cz/wrr.html Windows Registry Recovery]
 +
* [http://registrytool.com/ Registry Tool]
 +
 
 +
==Bibliography==
 +
* [http://www.dfrws.org/2009/proceedings/p69-zhu.pdf Using ShellBag Information to Reconstruct User Activities], by Yuandong Zhu*, Pavel Gladyshev, Joshua James, DFRWS 2009
 +
* [http://amnesia.gtisc.gatech.edu/~moyix/suzibandit.ltd.uk/MSc/ The Internal Structure of the Windows Registry], by Peter Norris, February 2009
 +
* [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p33-morgan.pdf Recovering Deleted Data From the Windows Registry] and [http://www.dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p33-morgan_pres.pdf slides], by [[Timothy Morgan]], DFRWS 2008
 +
* [http://dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p26-dolan-gavitt.pdf Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry in Memory] and [http://dfrws.org/2008/proceedings/p26-dolan-gavitt_pres.pdf slides], by Brendan Dolan-Gavitt, DFRWS 2008
 +
* [http://www.sentinelchicken.com/data/JolantaThomassenDISSERTATION.pdf Forensic analysis of unallocated space in Windows Registry Hive files], by Jolanta Thomassen, March 11, 2008
 +
 
 +
* [http://eptuners.com/forensics/A%20Windows%20Registry%20Quick%20Reference.pdf A Windows Registry Quick-Reference], by Derrick Farmer, Burlington, VT.
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B7CW4-4GX1J3B-1&_user=3326500&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000060280&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3326500&md5=ab887593e7be6d5257696707886978f1 The Windows Registry as a forensic resource], Digital Investigation, Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2005, Pages 201--205.
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.forensicfocus.com/downloads/forensic-analysis-windows-registry.pdf Forensic Analysis of the Windows Registry], by Lih Wern Wong , School of Computer and Information Science, Edith Cowan University
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.sentinelchicken.com/research/registry_format/ The Windows NT Registry File Format], by [[Timothy Morgan]]
 +
 
 +
==See Also==
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Registry Wikipedia: Windows Registry]
 +
* [http://windowsir.blogspot.com/search/label/Registry Windows Incident Response Articles on Registry]
 +
* [http://www.answers.com/topic/win-registry Windows Registry Information]
 +
* [http://moyix.blogspot.com/search/label/registry Push the Red Button] — Articles on Registry
 +
* [http://www.beginningtoseethelight.org/ntsecurity/ Security Accounts Manager]
 +
 
 +
=== Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64) ===
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa384253(v=vs.85).aspx Registry Keys Affected by WOW64], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa384232(VS.85).aspx Registry Redirector], by [[Microsoft]]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Windows Analysis]]
 +
[[Category:Bibliographies]]

Revision as of 00:25, 11 May 2013

Contents

File Locations

The Windows Registry is stored in multiple files.

Windows NT 4

In Windows NT 4 (and later) the Registry is stored in the Windows NT Registry File (REGF) format.

Basically the following Registry hives are stored in the corresponding files:

  • HKEY_USERS: \Documents and Setting\User Profile\NTUSER.DAT
  • HKEY_USERS\DEFAULT: C:\Windows\system32\config\default
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SAM: C:\Windows\system32\config\SAM
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SECURITY: C:\Windows\system32\config\SECURITY
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE: C:\Windows\system32\config\software
  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM: C:\Windows\system32\config\system

Windows 98/ME

  • \Windows\user.dat
  • \Windows\system.dat
  • \Windows\profiles\user profile\user.dat

Keys

Run/RunOnce

System-wide:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

Per user:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce

Special cases

The Windows Registry has several special case scenarios, mainly concerning key and value name, that are easy to fail to account for:

  • special characters key and value names
  • duplicate key and value names
  • the names when stored in extended ASCII (ANSI string) use a codepage that is dependent on the system settings

special characters key and value names

Both key and values names are case insensitive. The \ character is used as the key separator. Note that the \ character can be used in value names. The / character is used in both key and value names. Some examples of which are:

Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\Services\NetBT\Parameters\
Value: Size/Small/Medium/Large
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Control\Terminal Server\VIDEO\disc\
Value: \Device\Video0
Key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet002\services\xmlprov\Parameters\SchemaGroups\User\http://www.microsoft.com/provisioning/eaptlsuserpropertiesv1\
Value: SchemaFile

codepaged ASCII strings

Value with name "ëigenaardig" created on Windows XP codepage 1252.

value key data:
00000000: 76 6b 0b 00 46 00 00 00  20 98 1a 00 01 00 00 00   vk..F...  .......
00000010: 01 00 69 6e eb 69 67 65  6e 61 61 72 64 69 67 00   ..in.ige naardig.
00000020: 55 4e 49 43                                        UNIC

value key signature                     : vk
value key value name size               : 11
value key data size                     : 0x00000046 (70)
value key data offset                   : 0x001a9820
value key data type                     : 1 (REG_SZ) String
value key flags                         : 0x0001
        Value name is an ASCII string

value key unknown1                      : 0x6e69 (28265)
value key value name                    : ëigenaardig
value key value name hash               : 0xb78835ee
value key padding:
00000000: 00 55 4e 49 43                                     .UNIC

As you can see the name is stored in extended ASCII (ANSI) using codepage 1252.

Tools

Open Source

Freeware

  • cafae - Computer Account Forensic Artifact Extractor. Free tool that can be run on Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X to parse ntuser.dat hives.

Commercial

Bibliography

See Also

Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit (WoW64)