Difference between pages "CAINE Live CD" and "Malware analysis"

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{{Infobox_Software |
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Analyzing [[malware]], or malicious software, is more of an art than a technique. Because of the wide nature of these products, there are limitless ways to hide functionality.  
  name = CAINE LiveCD/DVD |
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  maintainer = [[Nanni Bassetti]] |
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  os = {{Linux}} |
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  genre = {{Live CD}} |
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  license = {{GPL}}, others |
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  website = [http://www.caine-live.net Caine Live] |
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}}
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'' ''' Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment'''') is a [[distribution Linux | distribution]] [[Live CD | live]] oriented to Computer Forensics ([[computer forensics]]) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics '' Interdepartmental Research Center for Security'' (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia  see [http://www.caine-live.net/page4/history.html Official Site].
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Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.
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== Features ==
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Some common tools for malware analysis include simple programs like [[strings]]. More complex analysis can be conducted by looking at the headers of executables with programs like [[PEiD]] and [[PeExplorer]]. Finally, the most complete analysis can be done with debuggers like [[IDA Pro]] and [[OllyDbg]].  
The latest version of Caine is based on the [[Ubuntu Linux]] 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the [[NIST]] View [Http://www.cftt.nist.gov/Methodology_Overview.htm the methodologies of Nist].
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Caine includes:
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== See Also ==
* Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
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* [[Malware]]
* Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
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* [[List of Malware Analysis Tools]]
* Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
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* Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, [Http://www.parlamento.it/parlam/leggi/08048l.htm Law 48/2008,].
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In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.
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== External Links ==
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* [http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2013/10/11/anatomy-of-an-exploit-ie-zero-day-part-1/ Anatomy of an exploit - inside the CVE-2013-3893 Internet Explorer zero-day - Part 1], by Paul Ducklin on October 11, 2013
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* [http://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2013/10/25/anatomy-of-an-exploit-inside-the-cve-2013-3893-internet-explorer-zero-day-part-2/ Anatomy of an exploit - inside the CVE-2013-3893 Internet Explorer zero-day - Part 2], by Paul Ducklin on October 25, 2013
  
The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:
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=== Careto ===
* Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
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* [http://www.securelist.com/en/downloads/vlpdfs/unveilingthemask_v1.0.pdf Unveiling "Careto" - The Masked APT], by [[Kaspersky|Kaspersky Lab]], February 2014
* No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the [[Journal]];
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* Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.
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[[RBFstab]] is set to treat [[EXT3]] as a [[EXT4]]'' noload with the option'' to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of '[[EXT3]];
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=== China Chopper ===
* Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file [[swap]] in systems with limited memory [[RAM]], avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.
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* [http://www.fireeye.com/blog/technical/botnet-activities-research/2013/08/breaking-down-the-china-chopper-web-shell-part-i.html Breaking Down the China Chopper Web Shell – Part I], by Tony Lee, Ian Ahl and Dennis Hanzlik, August 7, 2013
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* [http://www.fireeye.com/blog/technical/botnet-activities-research/2013/08/breaking-down-the-china-chopper-web-shell-part-ii.html Breaking Down the China Chopper Web Shell – Part 2], by Tony Lee, Ian Ahl and Dennis Hanzlik, August 9, 2013
  
Caine and Open Source == ==
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=== Hacking Team ===
Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts,
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* [https://citizenlab.org/2014/06/backdoor-hacking-teams-tradecraft-android-implant/ Police Story: Hacking Team’s Government Surveillance Malware], by Morgan Marquis-Boire, John Scott-Railton, Claudio Guarnieri, and Katie Kleemola, June 24, 2014
etc..) from all over the world. <br />
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* [http://www.securelist.com/en/blog/8231/HackingTeam_2_0_The_Story_Goes_Mobile HackingTeam 2.0: The Story Goes Mobile], Kaspersky Lab, June 24, 2014
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* [http://reverse.put.as/2014/06/26/shakacon-6-presentation-fuck-you-hacking-team-from-portugal-with-love/ Shakacon #6 presentation: Fuck you Hacking Team, From Portugal with Love], by fG!, June 26 2014
  
CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could
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=== Hikit ===
take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager. <br />
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* [https://www.mandiant.com/blog/hikit-rootkit-advanced-persistent-attack-techniques-part-1-2/ The "Hikit" Rootkit: Advanced and Persistent Attack Techniques (Part 1)], by Ryan Kazanciyan, August 20, 2012
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* [https://www.mandiant.com/blog/hikit-rootkit-advanced-persistent-attack-techniques-part-2/ The "Hikit" Rootkit: Advanced and Persistent Attack Techniques (Part 2)], by Christopher Glyer, August 22, 2012
  
The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.
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=== PlugX ===
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* [http://labs.lastline.com/an-analysis-of-plugx An Analysis of PlugX], by Roman Vasilenko, December 17, 2013
  
== Caine Interface ==
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=== Shell Crew ===
Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools. <Br/>
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* [http://www.emc.com/collateral/white-papers/h12756-wp-shell-crew.pdf RSA Incident Response: Emerging Threat Profile - Shell_Crew], by [[EMC]], January 2014
  
Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations. <br />
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=== Uroburos ===
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* [https://public.gdatasoftware.com/Web/Content/INT/Blog/2014/02_2014/documents/GData_Uroburos_RedPaper_EN_v1.pdf Uroburos - Highly complex espionage software with Russian roots], by G Data SecurityLabs, February 2014
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* [http://spresec.blogspot.com/2014/03/uroburos-rootkit-hook-analysis-and.html?m=1 Uroburos Rootkit Hook Analysis and Driver Extraction], SP Security Blog, March 20, 2014
  
Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator.
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[[Category:Malware]]
Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure. <br />
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The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis. <br />
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The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.
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Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.
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Inside contains the following software.
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, Acquisition
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* Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
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* LRRP
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* AIR
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* Guymager
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* Terminal with saving the output
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* DC3DD
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; Analysis
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* Autopsy
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* [[The SleuthKit]]
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* [[Selective file dumper | Sfdumper 2.2]]
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* Fundl 2.0
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* Scalpel
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* Foremost
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* Stegdetect
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* Ophcrack
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* Nautilus scripts
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* And many others
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Reporting semiautomatic == ==
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Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator. <br />
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The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report. <br />
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All set within the Perl program.
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The Project Caine == ==
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The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) Research Centre Interpardimentale Security - University of Modena [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 site], in this way the distribution has benefited from essential contributions on the technical computing, together to the latest "best practices" legal investigation digital  see [http://www.dia.unisa.it/~ads/ads/Sicurezza_files/Tesina%20Live%20Forensics.pdf Security University of Salerno] see [http://www.forwardedge2.com/pdf/bestpractices.pdf U.S. Secret Service document] see [http://ncfs.org/craiger.forensics.methods.procedures.final.pdf CraigeR's Draft].
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The project Caine was also the subject of a scientific paper accepted and published inside the first Workshop on Computer & Network Forensics held in Milan September 10th 2008 - [http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSCoNF].
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In followed all close collaboration with Denis Frati (spilled by the project at end 2009) and Nanni Bassetti, prominent figures in the panorama of Italian Digital Forensics, allowed a constant improvement of investigative standards proposed. The work carried out together with the staff ConoscereLinux allowed to enter Caine within the Italian community of programmers of open-source software.
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Caine is very much the spirit of Open Source OSSConf 2008 Open Source Day 2012, precisely because the various inputs planning and operational were provided by so many employees scattered across the globe, using only the network to communicate and many have our utmost to provide hosting, mirror and suggestions, scripts and everything that can serve to improve the project, then a full and free.
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Currently the project manager and a team of international figures treat the project Caine since the 1.0 release to date that has arrived at version 4.0 (18-March-2013) and achieving praise from law enforcements of several foreign nations.
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24/11/2012 The Caine 3.0 was presented at '[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]' at the University of Udine.
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== Notes ==
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<references />
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== Bibliography ==
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* Andrea Ghirardini, Gabriele Faggioli, ''Computer Forensics'', Apogeo, 2009, ISBN 9788850328161
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* E. Huebner, S. Zanero, ''Open Source Software for Digital Forensics'', Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4419-5802-0
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* Diane Barrett, Greg Kipper, ''Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment'', Syngress, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59749-557-8
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* Sean Philip Oriyano and Michael Gregg, ''Hacker Techniques, Tools, And Incident Handling'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9183-4
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* Michael Jang, ''Security Strategies in Linux Platforms and Applications'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9189-6
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== Collegamenti esterni ==
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*[http://www.careeracademy.com/browseproducts/CHFI-Training-CBT-Boot-Camp--EC-Council-Computer-Hacking-Forensic-Investigator.HTML Presente nel training CHFI Ec-Council] International certificatione
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*[http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-5803-7_5 Open Source Live Distributions for Computer Forensics- by Springer]<br />
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*[http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSConf 2008]<br />
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*[http://books.google.it/books?id=jQVgWaF3pJwC&pg=PT304&lpg=PT304&dq=Andrea+Ghirardini;+Gabriele+Faggioli,+Computer+Forensics+caine&source=bl&ots=mf8-Def6uF&sig=88ydFgTv05M2Q45B4FSvwqhBXKk&hl=it&sa=X&ei=W2voUOD3Lcrk4QSVlIDoDQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAQ Google books]<br />
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*[http://www.amazon.com/Virtualization-Forensics-Forensic-Investigators-Environments/dp/1597495573Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment]<br />
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*[http://www.linux-magazin.de/Ausgaben/2010/12/Italienische-Aufklaerung Linux-Mazin.de]<br />
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*[http://www.linux-magazine.com/Issues/2011/122/Caine Linux-Magazine.com]<br />
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*[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]<br />
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*[http://searchsecurity.techtarget.it/articoli/0,1254,18_ART_103282,00.html TechTarget.it]<br />
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*[http://programmazione.it/index.php?entity=eitem&idItem=41687 Programmazione.it]<br />
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*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/upload/caine-3.0-review-121009195504.html Linuxtoday.com]<br />
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*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/infrastructure/2010122801535SCSW Linuxtoday.com 2]<br />
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*[http://news.softpedia.com/news/CAINE-3-0-a-Tool-for-Digital-Forensics-297461.shtml Softpedia]<br />
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*[http://hackingzones.in/?p=2726 hackingzone.in]<br />
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*[http://www.gustavopimentel.com.ar/ gustavopimental.com.ar]<br />
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*[http://www.concise-courses.com/security/top-ten-distros/# concise-courses.com]<br />
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*[http://www.e-linux.it/news_detail/caine-15 e-linux.it]<br />
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*[http://www.ilsoftware.it/articoli.asp?tag=CAINE-progetto-italiano-per-la-computer-forensics_5656 ilsoftware.it]<br />
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*[http://www.dragonjar.org/distribucion-live-cd-analisis-forense.xhtml dragonjar.org]<br />
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*[http://www.nannibassetti.com/dblog/articolo.asp?articolo=156 Attestato Marenostrum V.F.F.]<br />
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*[http://www.linuxformat.com/archives?issue=151 LinuxFormat] <br />
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*[http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/10things/10-obscure-linux-distributions-and-why-you-should-know-about-them/2334 TechRepublic]<br />
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*[http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/CAINE_Live_CD ForensicsWiki]<br />
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* [http://www.caine-live.net Sito ufficiale]
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* [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 Sito del CRIS] dedicato a Caine
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{{Linux}}
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Revision as of 11:10, 5 July 2014

Analyzing malware, or malicious software, is more of an art than a technique. Because of the wide nature of these products, there are limitless ways to hide functionality.

Some common tools for malware analysis include simple programs like strings. More complex analysis can be conducted by looking at the headers of executables with programs like PEiD and PeExplorer. Finally, the most complete analysis can be done with debuggers like IDA Pro and OllyDbg.

See Also

External Links

Careto

China Chopper

Hacking Team

Hikit

PlugX

Shell Crew

Uroburos