Difference between pages "Prefetch" and "CAINE Live CD"

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{{Infobox_Software |
Windows Prefetch files, introduced in [[Windows|Windows XP]], are designed to speed up the application startup process. Prefetch files contain the name of the executable, a Unicode list of DLLs used by that executable, a count of how many times the executable has been run, and a timestamp indicating the last time the program was run. Although Prefetch is present in Windows 2003, by default it is only enabled for boot prefetching. The feature is also found in [[Windows Vista]], where it has been augmented with [[SuperFetch]], [[ReadyBoot]], and [[ReadyBoost]].
+
  name = CAINE LiveCD/DVD |
 +
  maintainer = [[Nanni Bassetti]] |
 +
  os = {{Linux}} |
 +
  genre = {{Live CD}} |
 +
  license = {{GPL}}, others |
 +
  website = [http://www.caine-live.net Caine Live] |
 +
}}
 +
'' ''' Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment'''') is a [[distribution Linux | distribution]] [[Live CD | live]] oriented to Computer Forensics ([[computer forensics]]) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics '' Interdepartmental Research Center for Security'' (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia  see [http://www.caine-live.net/page4/history.html Official Site].
 +
Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.
  
Up to 128 Prefetch files are stored in the <tt>%SystemRoot%\Prefetch</tt> directory [http://blogs.msdn.com/ryanmy/archive/2005/05/25/421882.aspx]. Each file in that directory should contain the name of the application (up to eight (?) characters), a dash, and then an eight character hash of the location from which that application was run, and a <tt>.pf</tt> extension. The filenames should be all uppercase except for the extension. The format of hashes is not known. A sample filename for [[md5deep]] would look like: <tt>MD5DEEP.EXE-4F89AB0C.pf</tt>. If an application is run from two different locations on the drive (i.e. the user runs <tt>C:\md5deep.exe</tt> and then <tt>C:\Apps\Hashing\md5deep.exe</tt>), there will be two different prefetch files in the Prefetch folder.
+
== Features ==
 +
The latest version of Caine is based on the [[Ubuntu Linux]] 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the [[NIST]] View [Http://www.cftt.nist.gov/Methodology_Overview.htm the methodologies of Nist].
  
== Timestamps ==
+
Caine includes:
Both the [[NTFS]] timestamps for a Prefetch file and the timestamp embedded in each Prefetch file contain valuable information. The creation date of the file indicates the first time the application was executed. Both the modification date of the file and the embedded timestamp indicate the last time the application was executed.
+
* Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
 +
* Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
 +
* Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
 +
* Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, [Http://www.parlamento.it/parlam/leggi/08048l.htm Law 48/2008,].
  
== MetaData ==
+
In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.
The timestamp embedded within the Prefetch file is a 64-bit (QWORD) [http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms724284.aspx FILETIME] object located at offset 0x78 from the beginning of the file on [[Windows]] XP.
+
  
The run count, or number of times the application has been run, is a 4-byte (DWORD) value located at offset 0x90 from the beginning of the file on [[Windows]] XP.
+
The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:
 +
* Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
 +
* No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the [[Journal]];
 +
* Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.
  
== See Also ==
+
[[RBFstab]] is set to treat [[EXT3]] as a [[EXT4]]'' noload with the option'' to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of '[[EXT3]];
* [[SuperFetch]]
+
* Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file [[swap]] in systems with limited memory [[RAM]], avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.
* [[Prefetch_XML]]
+
  
== External Links ==
+
Caine and Open Source == ==
* [http://milo2012.wordpress.com/2009/10/19/windows-prefetch-folder-tool/ Prefetch-Tool Script] - Python looks Prefetch files up on a web server.
+
Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts,
* [http://www.mitec.cz/wfa.html Windows File Analyzer] - Parses Prefetch files, thumbnail databases, shortcuts, index.dat files, and the recycle bin
+
etc..) from all over the world. <br />
* [http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/driver/kernel/XP_kernel.mspx#ECLAC Microsoft's description of Prefetch when Windows XP was introduced]
+
 
* [http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/01/12/XPKernel/default.aspx More detail from Microsoft]
+
CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could
* [http://www.tzworks.net/prototype_page.php?proto_id=1 Windows Prefetch parser] Free tool that can be run on Windows, Linux or Mac OS-X.
+
take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager. <br />
 +
 
 +
The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.
 +
 
 +
== Caine Interface ==
 +
Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools. <Br/>
 +
 
 +
Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations. <br />
 +
 
 +
Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator.
 +
Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure. <br />
 +
 
 +
The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis. <br />
 +
 
 +
The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.
 +
 
 +
Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.
 +
 
 +
Inside contains the following software.
 +
 
 +
, Acquisition
 +
* Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
 +
* LRRP
 +
* AIR
 +
* Guymager
 +
* Terminal with saving the output
 +
* DC3DD
 +
 
 +
; Analysis
 +
* Autopsy
 +
* [[The SleuthKit]]
 +
* [[Selective file dumper | Sfdumper 2.2]]
 +
* Fundl 2.0
 +
* Scalpel
 +
* Foremost
 +
* Stegdetect
 +
* Ophcrack
 +
* Nautilus scripts
 +
* And many others
 +
 
 +
Reporting semiautomatic == ==
 +
 
 +
Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator. <br />
 +
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report. <br />
 +
 
 +
All set within the Perl program.
 +
 
 +
The Project Caine == ==
 +
 
 +
The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) Research Centre Interpardimentale Security - University of Modena [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 site], in this way the distribution has benefited from essential contributions on the technical computing, together to the latest "best practices" legal investigation digital  see [http://www.dia.unisa.it/~ads/ads/Sicurezza_files/Tesina%20Live%20Forensics.pdf Security University of Salerno] see [http://www.forwardedge2.com/pdf/bestpractices.pdf U.S. Secret Service document] see [http://ncfs.org/craiger.forensics.methods.procedures.final.pdf CraigeR's Draft].
 +
 
 +
The project Caine was also the subject of a scientific paper accepted and published inside the first Workshop on Computer & Network Forensics held in Milan September 10th 2008 - [http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSCoNF].
 +
 
 +
In followed all close collaboration with Denis Frati (spilled by the project at end 2009) and Nanni Bassetti, prominent figures in the panorama of Italian Digital Forensics, allowed a constant improvement of investigative standards proposed. The work carried out together with the staff ConoscereLinux allowed to enter Caine within the Italian community of programmers of open-source software.
 +
 
 +
Caine is very much the spirit of Open Source OSSConf 2008 Open Source Day 2012, precisely because the various inputs planning and operational were provided by so many employees scattered across the globe, using only the network to communicate and many have our utmost to provide hosting, mirror and suggestions, scripts and everything that can serve to improve the project, then a full and free.
 +
 
 +
Currently the project manager and a team of international figures treat the project Caine since the 1.0 release to date that has arrived at version 4.0 (18-March-2013) and achieving praise from law enforcements of several foreign nations.
 +
 
 +
24/11/2012 The Caine 3.0 was presented at '[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]' at the University of Udine.
 +
 
 +
== Notes ==
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
== Bibliography ==
 +
* Andrea Ghirardini, Gabriele Faggioli, ''Computer Forensics'', Apogeo, 2009, ISBN 9788850328161
 +
* E. Huebner, S. Zanero, ''Open Source Software for Digital Forensics'', Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4419-5802-0
 +
* Diane Barrett, Greg Kipper, ''Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment'', Syngress, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59749-557-8
 +
* Sean Philip Oriyano and Michael Gregg, ''Hacker Techniques, Tools, And Incident Handling'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9183-4
 +
* Michael Jang, ''Security Strategies in Linux Platforms and Applications'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9189-6
 +
 
 +
== Collegamenti esterni ==
 +
*[http://www.careeracademy.com/browseproducts/CHFI-Training-CBT-Boot-Camp--EC-Council-Computer-Hacking-Forensic-Investigator.HTML Presente nel training CHFI Ec-Council] International certificatione
 +
*[http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-5803-7_5 Open Source Live Distributions for Computer Forensics- by Springer]<br />
 +
*[http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSConf 2008]<br />
 +
*[http://books.google.it/books?id=jQVgWaF3pJwC&pg=PT304&lpg=PT304&dq=Andrea+Ghirardini;+Gabriele+Faggioli,+Computer+Forensics+caine&source=bl&ots=mf8-Def6uF&sig=88ydFgTv05M2Q45B4FSvwqhBXKk&hl=it&sa=X&ei=W2voUOD3Lcrk4QSVlIDoDQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAQ Google books]<br />
 +
*[http://www.amazon.com/Virtualization-Forensics-Forensic-Investigators-Environments/dp/1597495573Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazin.de/Ausgaben/2010/12/Italienische-Aufklaerung Linux-Mazin.de]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazine.com/Issues/2011/122/Caine Linux-Magazine.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]<br />
 +
*[http://searchsecurity.techtarget.it/articoli/0,1254,18_ART_103282,00.html TechTarget.it]<br />
 +
*[http://programmazione.it/index.php?entity=eitem&idItem=41687 Programmazione.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/upload/caine-3.0-review-121009195504.html Linuxtoday.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/infrastructure/2010122801535SCSW Linuxtoday.com 2]<br />
 +
*[http://news.softpedia.com/news/CAINE-3-0-a-Tool-for-Digital-Forensics-297461.shtml Softpedia]<br />
 +
*[http://hackingzones.in/?p=2726 hackingzone.in]<br />
 +
*[http://www.gustavopimentel.com.ar/ gustavopimental.com.ar]<br />
 +
*[http://www.concise-courses.com/security/top-ten-distros/# concise-courses.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.e-linux.it/news_detail/caine-15 e-linux.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.ilsoftware.it/articoli.asp?tag=CAINE-progetto-italiano-per-la-computer-forensics_5656 ilsoftware.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.dragonjar.org/distribucion-live-cd-analisis-forense.xhtml dragonjar.org]<br />
 +
*[http://www.nannibassetti.com/dblog/articolo.asp?articolo=156 Attestato Marenostrum V.F.F.]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxformat.com/archives?issue=151 LinuxFormat] <br />
 +
*[http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/10things/10-obscure-linux-distributions-and-why-you-should-know-about-them/2334 TechRepublic]<br />
 +
*[http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/CAINE_Live_CD ForensicsWiki]<br />
 +
* [http://www.caine-live.net Sito ufficiale]
 +
* [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 Sito del CRIS] dedicato a Caine
 +
 
 +
{{Linux}}

Revision as of 07:12, 3 May 2013

CAINE LiveCD/DVD
Maintainer: Nanni Bassetti
OS: Linux
Genre: Live CD
License: GPL, others
Website: Caine Live

Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment') is a distribution live oriented to Computer Forensics (computer forensics) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics Interdepartmental Research Center for Security (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia see Official Site. Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.

Features

The latest version of Caine is based on the Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the NIST View the methodologies of Nist.

Caine includes:

  • Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
  • Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
  • Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
  • Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, Law 48/2008,.

In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.

The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:

  • Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
  • No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the Journal;
  • Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.

RBFstab is set to treat EXT3 as a EXT4 noload with the option to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of 'EXT3;

  • Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file swap in systems with limited memory RAM, avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.

Caine and Open Source == == Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts, etc..) from all over the world.

CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager.

The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.

Caine Interface

Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools.

Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations.

Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator. Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure.

The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis.

The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.

Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.

Inside contains the following software.

, Acquisition

  • Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
  • LRRP
  • AIR
  • Guymager
  • Terminal with saving the output
  • DC3DD
Analysis

Reporting semiautomatic == ==

Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator.
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report.

All set within the Perl program.

The Project Caine == ==

The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) Research Centre Interpardimentale Security - University of Modena site, in this way the distribution has benefited from essential contributions on the technical computing, together to the latest "best practices" legal investigation digital see Security University of Salerno see U.S. Secret Service document see CraigeR's Draft.

The project Caine was also the subject of a scientific paper accepted and published inside the first Workshop on Computer & Network Forensics held in Milan September 10th 2008 - OSSCoNF.

In followed all close collaboration with Denis Frati (spilled by the project at end 2009) and Nanni Bassetti, prominent figures in the panorama of Italian Digital Forensics, allowed a constant improvement of investigative standards proposed. The work carried out together with the staff ConoscereLinux allowed to enter Caine within the Italian community of programmers of open-source software.

Caine is very much the spirit of Open Source OSSConf 2008 Open Source Day 2012, precisely because the various inputs planning and operational were provided by so many employees scattered across the globe, using only the network to communicate and many have our utmost to provide hosting, mirror and suggestions, scripts and everything that can serve to improve the project, then a full and free.

Currently the project manager and a team of international figures treat the project Caine since the 1.0 release to date that has arrived at version 4.0 (18-March-2013) and achieving praise from law enforcements of several foreign nations.

24/11/2012 The Caine 3.0 was presented at 'Opens Source Day 2012' at the University of Udine.

Notes

<references />

Bibliography

  • Andrea Ghirardini, Gabriele Faggioli, Computer Forensics, Apogeo, 2009, ISBN 9788850328161
  • E. Huebner, S. Zanero, Open Source Software for Digital Forensics, Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4419-5802-0
  • Diane Barrett, Greg Kipper, Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment, Syngress, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59749-557-8
  • Sean Philip Oriyano and Michael Gregg, Hacker Techniques, Tools, And Incident Handling, Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9183-4
  • Michael Jang, Security Strategies in Linux Platforms and Applications, Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9189-6

Collegamenti esterni