Difference between revisions of "Network forensics"

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'''Network forensics''' is the process of capturing information that moves over a [[network]] and trying to make sense of it in some kind of forensics capacity. A [[network forensics appliance]] is a device that automates this process.
 
'''Network forensics''' is the process of capturing information that moves over a [[network]] and trying to make sense of it in some kind of forensics capacity. A [[network forensics appliance]] is a device that automates this process.
  
There are both open source and proprietary network forensics systems available.  
+
There are both open source and proprietary network forensics systems available.
  
== Open Source Network Forensics ==
+
== Overview ==
  
* [[Wireshark]]
+
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{| class="wikitable sortable" style="width: auto; font-size: smaller"
 +
|-
 +
! System
 +
! [[software license|License]]
 +
! User Interface
 +
! Supported Platform
 +
! Supported Protocols
 +
! class="unsortable" | Refs <!-- This column is for a general reference and does not replace the need to identify references for specific features if the feature is not explained in the general reference -->
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Argus]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI via [http://www.datenspionage.de/arguseye/ ArgusEye]
 +
| Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, AIX, IRIX, Windows (under Cygwin) and OpenWrt
 +
| L2 addresses, tunnel identifiers (MPLS, GRE, ESP, etc...), protocol ids, SAP's, hop-count, options, L4 transport identification (RTP, RTCP detection), host flow control indication; netflow
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Chaosreader]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Solaris, RedHat, Windows
 +
| FTP files, HTTP transfers (HTML, GIF, JPEG, ...), SMTP emails, ... from the captured data inside network traffic logs
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[DataEcho]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| GUI
 +
| Windows
 +
| www, http
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Junkie]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| GUI
 +
| unknown
 +
| unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[kisMAC]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| GUI
 +
| Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, AIX, IRIX, Windows (under Cygwin) and OpenWrt
 +
| L2 addresses, tunnel identifiers (MPLS, GRE, ESP, etc...), protocol ids, SAP's, hop-count, options, L4 transport identification (RTP, RTCP detection), host flow control indication; netflow
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[kismet]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line /GUI via [http://www.datenspionage.de/arguseye/ ArgusEye]
 +
| Mac OS X
 +
| unknown
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[n2disk]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Ubuntu, CentOS
 +
| unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[net-sniff-ng]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| unknown
 +
| unknown
 +
| unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[netfse]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| GUI
 +
| unknown
 +
| TCP/IP, UDP
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[netsleuth]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Windows, [[Backtrack]]
 +
| Apple MDNS / Bonjour, SMB / CIFS / NetBios, DHCP (using the www.fingerbank.org resource), SSDP (as used in Microsoft Zero Config)
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[NetworkMiner]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Windows GUI, Commandline
 +
| Linux / Mac OS X / FreeBSD, Windows
 +
| http, smb, ftp, tfpt, ssl , tls, tor
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[ntop]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Unix (including Linux, *BSD, Solaris, and MacOSX), linux, windows
 +
| DPI via OpenDPI Library; FTP POP SMTP IMAP DNS IPP HTTP MDNS NTP NFS SSDP BGP SNMP XDMCP SMB SYSLOG DHCP PostgreSQL MySQL TDS DirectDownloadLink I23V5 AppleJuice DirectConnect Socrates WinMX MANOLITO PANDO Filetopia iMESH Kontiki OpenFT Kazaa/Fasttrack Gnutella eDonkey Bittorrent (Extended) OFF AVI Flash OGG MPEG QuickTime RealMedia Windowsmedia MMS XBOX QQ MOVE RTSP Feidian Icecast PPLive PPStream Zattoo SHOUTCast SopCast TVAnts TVUplayer VeohTV QQLive Thunder/Webthunder Soulseek GaduGadu IRC Popo Jabber MSN Oscar Yahoo Battlefield Quake Second Life Steam Halflife2 World of Warcraft Telnet STUN IPSEC GRE ICMP IGMP EGP SCTP OSPF IP in IP RTP RDP VNC PCAnywhere SSL SSH USENET MGCP IAX TFTP
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[OSSEC]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Windows 7, XP, 2000 and Vista Windows Server 2003 and 2008 VMWare ESX 3.0,3.5 (including CIS checks) FreeBSD (all versions) OpenBSD (all versions) NetBSD (all versions) Solaris 2.7, 2.8, 2.9 and 10 AIX 5.3 and 6.1 HP-UX 10, 11, 11i MacOSX 10 remote syslog: Cisco PIX, ASA and FWSM (all versions) Cisco IOS routers (all versions) Juniper Netscreen (all versions) SonicWall firewall (all versions) Checkpoint firewall (all versions) Cisco IOS IDS/IPS module (all versions) Sourcefire (Snort) IDS/IPS (all versions) Dragon NIDS (all versions) Checkpoint Smart Defense (all versions) McAfee VirusScan Enterprise (v8 and v8.5) Bluecoat proxy (all versions) Cisco VPN concentrators (all versions) Database monitoring is available for the following systems: MySQL (all versions) PostgreSQL (all versions) Oracle, MSSQL (to be available soon)"
 +
| Unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Snort]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Linux, Windows
 +
| Unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[Wireshark]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD, NetBSD, and others
 +
| IPsec, ISAKMP, Kerberos, SNMPv3, SSL/TLS, WEP, and WPA/WPA2; Wireshark can decrypt IEEE 802.11 WLAN data with user specified encryption keys, and others
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[xplico]]
 +
| [[Open Source]]
 +
| Command Line, GUI
 +
| Linux
 +
| ARP Radiotap Ethernet PPP VLAN L2TP IPv4 IPv6 TCP UDP DNS HTTP SMTP POP IMAP SIP MGCP H323 RTP RTCP SDP FB chat FTP IPP CHDLC PJL NNTP MSN IRC YAHOO GTALK EMULE SSL/TLS IPsec 802.11 LLC MMSE Linux cooked TFTP SNOOP PPPoE Telnet WebMail Paltalk Exp. Paltalk NetBIOS SMB PPI syslog G711ulaw, G711alaw, G722, G729, G723, G726 and RTAudio (x-msrta: Real Time Audio).
 +
| Unknown
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|- class="sortbottom"
 +
! System
 +
! [[software license|License]]
 +
! User Interface
 +
! Supported Platform
 +
! Supported Protocols
 +
! class="unsortable" | Refs <!-- This column is for a general reference and does not replace the need to identify references for specific features if the feature is not explained in the general reference -->
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Open Source Network Forensics ==
 +
* [[Argus]]
 +
* [[Bulk Extractor]] [https://github.com/simsong/bulk_extractor]
 +
* [[Chaosreader]] is a session reconstruction tool (supports both live or captured network traffic)
 +
* [[DataEcho]]
 +
* [[FlowGREP]] is a basic IDS/IPS tool written in python [http://www.monkey.org/~jose/software/flowgrep/]
 +
* [[KisMAC]] is a free, open source wireless stumbling and security tool for Mac OS X. [http://kismac-ng.org]
 
* [[Kismet]]
 
* [[Kismet]]
* [[Snort]]
+
* [[logstash]] is a tool for managing events and logs. You can use it to collect logs, parse them, and store them for later use (like, for searching). Speaking of searching, logstash comes with a web interface for searching and drilling into all of your logs. [http://logstash.net/]
 +
 
 +
* [[log2Timeline]] a framework for automatic creation of a super timeline. The main purpose is to provide a single tool to parse various log files and artifacts found on suspect systems (and supporting systems, such as network equipment) and produce a timeline that can be analysed by forensic investigators/analysts. [https://code.google.com/p/log2timeline/]
 +
* [[NetFSE]] is a web-based search and analysis application for high-volume network data [http://www.netfse.org available at NetFSE.org]
 +
* [http://www.netgrab.co.uk NetSleuth] is a live and retrospective network analysis and triage tool.
 +
* [[ntop]]
 +
* [[NetGREP]] is a command line tool which tells you which lines in a text file contain network resources related to a particular country or Autonomous Network (AS) [https://pypi.python.org/pypi/netgrep/]
 +
* [[NetworkMiner]] is [http://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/networkminer/index.php?title=NetworkMiner an open source Network Forensics Tool available at SourceForge]
 
* [[OSSEC]]
 
* [[OSSEC]]
* [[NetworkMiner]] is [http://sourceforge.net/projects/networkminer/ an open source Network Forensics Tool available at SourceForge].
+
* [[Plaso]] (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines [http://plaso.kiddaland.net/]
* [[Xplico]] is an Internet/IP Traffic Decoder (NFAT). Protocols supported: [http://www.xplico.org/status.html HTTP, SIP, FTP, IMAP, POP, SMTP, TCP, UDP, IPv4, IPv6, ...].
+
 
 +
* [[RegRipper]] is an open source tool, written in Perl, for extracting/parsing information (keys, values, data) from the Registry and presenting it for analysis [http://regripper.wordpress.com/]
 +
* [[Snort]]
 +
* [[Wireshark]]
 +
* [[Xplico]] is an Internet/IP Traffic Decoder (NFAT). Protocols supported: [http://www.xplico.org/status.html HTTP, SIP, FTP, IMAP, POP, SMTP, TCP, UDP, IPv4, IPv6, ...]
  
 
== Commercial Network Forensics ==
 
== Commercial Network Forensics ==
 +
 
===Deep-Analysis Systems===
 
===Deep-Analysis Systems===
* E-Detective [http://www.edecision4u.com/] [http://www.digi-forensics.com/home.html]
 
 
* Code Green Networks [http://www.codegreennetworks.com Content Inspection Appliance] - Passive monitoring and mandatory proxy mode. Easy to use Web GUI. Linux platform. Uses Stellent Outside In to access document content and metadata.  
 
* Code Green Networks [http://www.codegreennetworks.com Content Inspection Appliance] - Passive monitoring and mandatory proxy mode. Easy to use Web GUI. Linux platform. Uses Stellent Outside In to access document content and metadata.  
* ManTech International Corporation [http://www.netwitness.com/ NetWitness]
+
* E-Detective [http://www.edecision4u.com/] [http://www.digi-forensics.com/home.html]
 +
* [http://www.infowatch.com InfoWatch Traffic Monitor]
 +
* Mera Systems [http://netbeholder.com/ NetBeholder]
 +
* MFI Soft [http://sormovich.ru/ SORMovich] (in Russian)
 +
* Solera Networks - Provider of full packet capture network forensics appliances [http://www.soleranetworks.com/ Solera Networks]
 +
* NETRESEC [http://www.netresec.com/?page=NetworkMiner NetworkMiner Professional (portable network forensic analysis tool for Windows)]
 +
* NetWitness Corporation - Freeware/Commercial, Enterprise-Wide, Real-Time Network Forensics [http://www.netwitness.com/ NetWitness]
 
* Network Instruments [http://www.networkinstruments.com/]
 
* Network Instruments [http://www.networkinstruments.com/]
 
* NIKSUN's [[NetDetector]]
 
* NIKSUN's [[NetDetector]]
 
* PacketMotion [http://www.packetmotion.com/]
 
* PacketMotion [http://www.packetmotion.com/]
 
* Sandstorm's [http://www.sandstorm.net/products/netintercept/ NetIntercept] - Passive monitoring appliance. Qt/X11 GUI. FreeBSD platform. Uses forensic parsers written by Sandstorm to access document content and metadata.
 
* Sandstorm's [http://www.sandstorm.net/products/netintercept/ NetIntercept] - Passive monitoring appliance. Qt/X11 GUI. FreeBSD platform. Uses forensic parsers written by Sandstorm to access document content and metadata.
* Mera Systems [http://netbeholder.com/ NetBeholder]
+
* WildPackets [[OmniPeek]] [http://www.wildpackets.com/solutions/it_solutions/network_forensics] [http://www.wildpackets.com/products/distributed_network_analysis/omnipeek_network_analyzer/forensics_search]
 +
* [[Xplico]] [http://www.xplico.org/]
  
 
===Flow-Based Systems===
 
===Flow-Based Systems===
 
* Arbor Networks
 
* Arbor Networks
* GraniteEdge Networks http://www.graniteedgenetworks.com/
+
* CapAnalysis [http://www.capanalysis.net/]
 +
* GraniteEdge Networks
 
* Lancope http://www.lancope.com/
 
* Lancope http://www.lancope.com/
 +
* Mantaro Product Development Services http://www.mantaro.com/products/MNIS/index.htm
 
* Mazu Networks http://www.mazunetworks.com/
 
* Mazu Networks http://www.mazunetworks.com/
  
Line 40: Line 224:
 
* [[Wireless forensics]]
 
* [[Wireless forensics]]
 
* [[SSL forensics]]
 
* [[SSL forensics]]
 +
 +
* [[IP geolocation]]
 
* [[Tools:Network Forensics]]
 
* [[Tools:Network Forensics]]
 +
* [[Tools:Logfile Analysis]]
  
 
[[Category:Network Forensics]]
 
[[Category:Network Forensics]]

Revision as of 09:10, 22 December 2013

Network forensics is the process of capturing information that moves over a network and trying to make sense of it in some kind of forensics capacity. A network forensics appliance is a device that automates this process.

There are both open source and proprietary network forensics systems available.

Overview

System License User Interface Supported Platform Supported Protocols Refs
Argus Open Source Command Line, GUI via ArgusEye Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, AIX, IRIX, Windows (under Cygwin) and OpenWrt L2 addresses, tunnel identifiers (MPLS, GRE, ESP, etc...), protocol ids, SAP's, hop-count, options, L4 transport identification (RTP, RTCP detection), host flow control indication; netflow
Chaosreader Open Source Command Line, GUI Solaris, RedHat, Windows FTP files, HTTP transfers (HTML, GIF, JPEG, ...), SMTP emails, ... from the captured data inside network traffic logs
DataEcho Open Source GUI Windows www, http
Junkie Open Source GUI unknown unknown
kisMAC Open Source GUI Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, AIX, IRIX, Windows (under Cygwin) and OpenWrt L2 addresses, tunnel identifiers (MPLS, GRE, ESP, etc...), protocol ids, SAP's, hop-count, options, L4 transport identification (RTP, RTCP detection), host flow control indication; netflow
kismet Open Source Command Line /GUI via ArgusEye Mac OS X unknown
n2disk Open Source Command Line, GUI Ubuntu, CentOS unknown
net-sniff-ng Open Source unknown unknown unknown
netfse Open Source GUI unknown TCP/IP, UDP
netsleuth Open Source Command Line, GUI Windows, Backtrack Apple MDNS / Bonjour, SMB / CIFS / NetBios, DHCP (using the www.fingerbank.org resource), SSDP (as used in Microsoft Zero Config)
NetworkMiner Open Source Windows GUI, Commandline Linux / Mac OS X / FreeBSD, Windows http, smb, ftp, tfpt, ssl , tls, tor
ntop Open Source Command Line, GUI Unix (including Linux, *BSD, Solaris, and MacOSX), linux, windows DPI via OpenDPI Library; FTP POP SMTP IMAP DNS IPP HTTP MDNS NTP NFS SSDP BGP SNMP XDMCP SMB SYSLOG DHCP PostgreSQL MySQL TDS DirectDownloadLink I23V5 AppleJuice DirectConnect Socrates WinMX MANOLITO PANDO Filetopia iMESH Kontiki OpenFT Kazaa/Fasttrack Gnutella eDonkey Bittorrent (Extended) OFF AVI Flash OGG MPEG QuickTime RealMedia Windowsmedia MMS XBOX QQ MOVE RTSP Feidian Icecast PPLive PPStream Zattoo SHOUTCast SopCast TVAnts TVUplayer VeohTV QQLive Thunder/Webthunder Soulseek GaduGadu IRC Popo Jabber MSN Oscar Yahoo Battlefield Quake Second Life Steam Halflife2 World of Warcraft Telnet STUN IPSEC GRE ICMP IGMP EGP SCTP OSPF IP in IP RTP RDP VNC PCAnywhere SSL SSH USENET MGCP IAX TFTP
OSSEC Open Source Command Line, GUI Windows 7, XP, 2000 and Vista Windows Server 2003 and 2008 VMWare ESX 3.0,3.5 (including CIS checks) FreeBSD (all versions) OpenBSD (all versions) NetBSD (all versions) Solaris 2.7, 2.8, 2.9 and 10 AIX 5.3 and 6.1 HP-UX 10, 11, 11i MacOSX 10 remote syslog: Cisco PIX, ASA and FWSM (all versions) Cisco IOS routers (all versions) Juniper Netscreen (all versions) SonicWall firewall (all versions) Checkpoint firewall (all versions) Cisco IOS IDS/IPS module (all versions) Sourcefire (Snort) IDS/IPS (all versions) Dragon NIDS (all versions) Checkpoint Smart Defense (all versions) McAfee VirusScan Enterprise (v8 and v8.5) Bluecoat proxy (all versions) Cisco VPN concentrators (all versions) Database monitoring is available for the following systems: MySQL (all versions) PostgreSQL (all versions) Oracle, MSSQL (to be available soon)" Unknown
Snort Open Source Command Line, GUI Linux, Windows Unknown
Wireshark Open Source Command Line, GUI Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD, NetBSD, and others IPsec, ISAKMP, Kerberos, SNMPv3, SSL/TLS, WEP, and WPA/WPA2; Wireshark can decrypt IEEE 802.11 WLAN data with user specified encryption keys, and others
xplico Open Source Command Line, GUI Linux ARP Radiotap Ethernet PPP VLAN L2TP IPv4 IPv6 TCP UDP DNS HTTP SMTP POP IMAP SIP MGCP H323 RTP RTCP SDP FB chat FTP IPP CHDLC PJL NNTP MSN IRC YAHOO GTALK EMULE SSL/TLS IPsec 802.11 LLC MMSE Linux cooked TFTP SNOOP PPPoE Telnet WebMail Paltalk Exp. Paltalk NetBIOS SMB PPI syslog G711ulaw, G711alaw, G722, G729, G723, G726 and RTAudio (x-msrta: Real Time Audio). Unknown
System License User Interface Supported Platform Supported Protocols Refs

Open Source Network Forensics

  • Argus
  • Bulk Extractor [1]
  • Chaosreader is a session reconstruction tool (supports both live or captured network traffic)
  • DataEcho
  • FlowGREP is a basic IDS/IPS tool written in python [2]
  • KisMAC is a free, open source wireless stumbling and security tool for Mac OS X. [3]
  • Kismet
  • logstash is a tool for managing events and logs. You can use it to collect logs, parse them, and store them for later use (like, for searching). Speaking of searching, logstash comes with a web interface for searching and drilling into all of your logs. [4]
  • log2Timeline a framework for automatic creation of a super timeline. The main purpose is to provide a single tool to parse various log files and artifacts found on suspect systems (and supporting systems, such as network equipment) and produce a timeline that can be analysed by forensic investigators/analysts. [5]
  • NetFSE is a web-based search and analysis application for high-volume network data available at NetFSE.org
  • NetSleuth is a live and retrospective network analysis and triage tool.
  • ntop
  • NetGREP is a command line tool which tells you which lines in a text file contain network resources related to a particular country or Autonomous Network (AS) [6]
  • NetworkMiner is an open source Network Forensics Tool available at SourceForge
  • OSSEC
  • Plaso (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines [7]

Commercial Network Forensics

Deep-Analysis Systems

Flow-Based Systems

Hybrid Systems

These systems combine flow analysis, deep analysis, and security event monitoring and reporting.

Tips and Tricks

  • The time between two events triggered by an intruder (as seen in logfiles, for example) can be helpful. If it is very short, you can be pretty sure that the actions were performed by an automated script and not by a human user.

See also