Difference between pages "Palm" and "Symbian"

From ForensicsWiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(External links)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Palm''' is a common term for a small-scale (hand-held) computer that runs Palm's [[PalmOS]] software.
+
'''Symbian''' is an open operating system, designed for mobile devices, with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian Ltd. Symbian evolved from [[Psion]]'s [[EPOC]] in 1998. Symbian OS is currently owned by [[BenQ]], [[Ericsson]], [[Panasonic]], [[Nokia]], [[Siemens AG]] and [[Sony Ericsson]].
  
=Overview=
+
== Versions ==
The Palm OS platform is an open architecture that provides a basis for third-party developers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to create mobile computing solutions. The platform consists of five components:
+
* The reference hardware design<br>
+
* The device operating system called the Palm OS software<br>
+
* The HotSync conduit data synchronization technology<br>
+
* The platform component tools including an applications programming interface (API) that enables developers to write applications<br>
+
* The software interface capabilities to support hardware add-ons<br>
+
  
(http://www.palm.com/us/company/pr/2000/092000.html, 2000)
+
There are several variations of the Symbian OS that are tailored for different devices. The capabilities of the Symbian OS depend on the device for which it was tailored. Each variation is called a ''Device Family Reference Design'' (''DFRD'').
  
== History ==
+
=== DFRDs ===
  
Palm Computing was founded by Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky and Ed Colligan.  The original purpose of the company was to create handwriting recognition software for other devices (Graffiti).  The initial idea for the devices came from Hawkins' habit of carrying a block of wood in his pocket.
+
Device Family Reference Designs (DFRDs) are variations of Symbian OS tailored for different types of mobile information devices including one for smart phones, one for pen-based communicators, and another for keyboard-based communicators. There are three DFRDs: Crystal, Pearl, and Quartz.
  
The initial Palm device released in 1996 was called the Pilot.  Because Pilot Pen Corporation brought forth a trademark infrigement case, the second generation device released in 1997 was named the PalmPilot. 
+
=== Crystal ===
  
The Palm was not the original PDA device released, but benefited from the failure of Apple's Newton.
+
Crystal is a DFRD tailored for feature-rich, communicator-type devices. Hardware platforms are phones with a full keyboard and a relatively large, landscape-oriented
 +
display. Crystal devices are designed for business users who need a lot of information.
  
The Palm OS initially featured personal information management (PIM) tools such as Calendar, Contacts, Memo Pad, Expense and Tasks.  As later versions were released, more features were added.  Here is a list of various Palm OS releases:
+
=== Pearl ===
  
====Version 3.1, 3.3, 3.5====
+
Pearl is a DFRD for a Symbian [[smart phone]]. Hardware platforms typically look like standard [[cell phones]] with small displays and limited keyboards.
Added support for color, multiple expansion ports, new processors, etc.
+
  
====Version 4.0====
+
=== Quartz ===
Added a standard interface for external FS access
+
  
====Version 5.0====
+
Quartz is a DFRD for a pen-based phone similar to the [[Palm]] [[PDAs]]. Hardware platforms do not include keyboards, and the relatively large displays are portrait-oriented (vertical). Quartz devices are designed for consumer users and are geared toward information gathering.
First version to support Acorn Risc Machine (ARM) devices. Later versions which included OS 5.2, featured Graffiti 2. It began the separation of Palm OS and Palm One.  
+
  
Presently, version 6.1 of the Palm OS is under development (Cobalt).  Cobalt features a Linux-based kernel.  There are presently no devices released using Palm OS 6.
+
== History ==
 
+
==Features==
+
<table>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Address Book''': Allows the user to keep track of their contacts.  Synchronized via HotSync manager</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Calculator''': Basic 4 function calculator</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Datebook''': Track appointments, birthdates and other important times during the year.  Synchronized via HotSync manager</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Expenses''': Keep track of your spending habits.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''HotSync''': Application that ran on your desktop or portable PC or Mac to allow for calendars and contacts to easily be synchronized with Palm device.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Memo Pad''': Write short notes.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Note Pad''': Scribble notes in your natural writing language.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''To Do List''': Create a check list of items to accomplish.  Synchronized via HotSync manager.</td>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
<td>'''Palm Photos''': Photo manager that allows sharing of photos between multiple palm devices.</td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
 
+
==Palm Pilot==
+
The original creators of the Palm Pilot were Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky, and Ed Colligan. The idea of the palm pilot was established by Jeff Hawkins from a block of wood with writing on it.
+
 
+
<table border="1">
+
<tr>
+
  <td> </td>
+
  <th>
+
  Palm Pilot 1000
+
  </th>
+
  <th>
+
  Palm Pilot 5000
+
  </th>
+
  <th>
+
  Palm Pilot Personal
+
  </th>
+
  <th>
+
  Palm Pilot Professional
+
  </th>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <th>Features</th>
+
  <td>
+
      <ul>Motorola 68328 processor</ul>
+
      <ul>128 KB memory</ul>
+
      <ul>Palm OS 1.0</ul>
+
  </td>
+
  <td>
+
      <ul>Dragonball processor</ul>
+
      <ul>512 KB memory</ul>
+
      <ul>Palm OS 1.0</ul>
+
  </td>
+
  <td>
+
      <ul>Dragonball processor</ul>
+
      <ul>512 KB memory</ul>
+
      <ul>Palm OS 2.0</ul>
+
  </td>
+
  <td>
+
      <ul>Dragonball processor</ul>
+
      <ul>1 MB memory</ul>
+
      <ul>Palm OS 2.0</ul>
+
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
 
+
==3Com Audrey==
+
 
+
The 3Com Audrey was created to be a kitchen computer in 2000-2001.  It was a mainly a used to access the Internet.  Cisco then bought out 3Com and the Audrey was no more.  One noticeable aspect of the Audrey is how people can hack it.  They have turned it into anything from a web server to a chatting client.  It runs QNX with PalmOS extensions.  This allows it to be hacked extremely easily.
+
 
+
It runs on the Intel-compatible Cyrix-MediaGX processor. It uses Palm's HotSync technology to update the address book and date book with up to two Palms simultaneously.  It uses a USB Ethernet controller to connect to the Internet.  It also has built-in stereo speakers to play digital and streaming music.  You can either use the clear pen to input data, or pull out the wireless keyboard.  No graffiti is used. 
+
 
+
It was discontinued on March 21, 2001.  However, there is still an Audrey frenzy going on today.
+
 
+
==Fossil==
+
This is a very neat model as it is a digital watch with the Palm OS version 4.1 installed. It comes in two brands: Abacus and Fossil.
+
 
+
<table border="1">
+
<tr>
+
  <th>Operating System</th>
+
  <th>Memory</th>
+
  <th>LCD Dimensions</th>
+
  <th>Other Notable Features</th>
+
</tr>
+
<tr>
+
  <td>Palm OS version 4.1</td>
+
  <td>8 MB</td>
+
  <td>160 x 160 with backlight</td>
+
  <td>
+
      <ul>Touch screen</ul>
+
      <ul>3 way rocker and back button</ul>
+
      <ul>USB for Windows and Macintosh</ul>
+
      <ul>Infrared port</ul>
+
      <ul>3 hour lifespan between charges</ul>
+
  </td>
+
</tr>
+
</table>
+
 
+
==Garmin==
+
 
+
==Kyocera==
+
 
+
Kyocera acquired QUALCOMM Incorporated's Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) wireless phone business in February 2000 and incorporates QUALCOMM's CDMA technology in the development and manufacture of wireless phones. An agreement with Palm Inc. to license the Palm OS platform was reached by Kyocera and Palm after QUALCOMM's acquisition. It is the foundation for a suite of smartphones.
+
 
+
==QualComm==
+
 
+
In September 1998, QUALCOMM introduced the pdQ smartphone which was the first CDMA digital wireless phone to integrate the Palm OS software. QUALCOMM’s CDMA handset business was later bought by Kyocera in February 2000.
+
 
+
==Samsung==
+
 
+
==Sony Cli&Egrave;==
+
 
+
==Symbol==
+
 
+
==TapWave==
+
 
+
==TRG==
+
 
+
==Handspring Visor==
+
The original creators of the PalmPilot, Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky, and Ed Colligan, left Palm Computing after desputes with the parent company 3com. As a result, the trio founded Handspring in 1998. The first product released in 1999 was called the Handspring Visor, a clone of the original PalmPilot with minor additions, that used the newly created Palm OS. One of it's most prominent features was USB support and an expansion slot for memory cards, both of which were not yet popular at the time.
+
 
+
The Visor line includes:
+
<ul>
+
<li>Visor and Visor Deluxe</li>
+
<li>Visor Prism</li>
+
<li>Visor Platinum</li>
+
<li>Visor Edge</li>
+
<li>Visor Neo</li>
+
<li>Visor Pro</li>
+
</ul>
+
 
+
==Treo==
+
Treo manufacturers a variety of devices, including the LifeDrive, Treo 600, 650, 700w and 700p, Palm Z22 and Tx, and the Tungsten E2.  Each of these devices is marketed at a different segment of the market.  For example, the LifeDrive contains a 4GB integrated hard drive and is advertised as a portable multimedia device that plays videos and MP3s.  The LifeDrive Also includes integrated WiFi and Bluetooth capabilities.  The Treo 600, 650, 700w and 700p are the company's Smartphones.  The Treo 600, 650 and 700p runs Palm OS, while the 700w runs on Windows Mobile 5.  The Z22, Tx, and Tungsten E2 are primarily designed to be personal organizers.
+
 
+
=Forensics=
+
Forensics for Palm devices is a nascent field.  There are several tools available for the image acquisition and analysis of Palm devices.
+
  
==EnCase==
+
Symbian is a joint venture between Nokia, Motorola, Ericsson, Matsushita, and Psion that became independent in June 1998. Symbian was established by leaders in the computing and mobile industries to enable the mass market of communicators and smart phones. Here is a brief overview of the milestones in the history of Symbian.
EnCase, published by Guidance Software, is a complete cyber forensics software package that handles all steps of the investigative process, from the acquisition to the report creation. The software includes built-in capabilities for performing MD5 hashing, data carving, deleted file recovery, and many other functions.
+
  
Although traditionally relegated to the realm of desktop computer forensics investigations, EnCase does support the acquisition and analysis of a limited number of Palm devices.  
+
* In 1980, Psion Software was founded by David Potter.
 +
* 1990-1998 Psion releases devices using the EPOC16 OS, also known as SIBO. These devices are catagorized as Series 3.
 +
* 1997 EPOC OS Releases 1–3. The Series 5 device becomes available, its was the first movement towards 32-bit Symbian.
 +
* In 1998, Symbian Ltd. Created.
 +
* 1999 - EPOC Release 5. Series 5 devices are in production using ER5. Symbian OS v6.0 and v6.1 becomes the first 'open' Symbian OS phone.
 +
* 2003 Symbian OS v7.0 and v7.0s released.
 +
* In 2004, Psion sells Symbian. The first for mobile phones using Symbian OS. Symbian OS v8.0 and v8.1 released. Symbian OS v9.0 fails and is taken out of production before hitting the market.
 +
* 2005 - Symbian OS v9.1 announced.
  
==Paraben==
+
== Benefits of Symbian OS ==
Paraben has a software application that is specifically designed for PDA forensics, PDA Seizure.  This comprehensive tool allows PDA data to be acquired, viewed, and reported on, all within a Windows environment.  The software comes equiped with quite a few key features.  These features include the ability to encrypt saved case files, [[BlackBerry OS]] support, built-in recovery of Palm passwords, enhanced viewing on file data, complete physical and logical acquisition for Palm PDA devices, and many more.  It has a few draw backs, in that some of the material acquired from the PDAs is hard to interpret by a person that is not computer savi. Although, on the other hand it has features like a search portion that allows you to enter a search term and PDA Seizure will bring up all files that have that term in them.  This allows the investigator to look for case specific information easily and quickly.
+
  
=References=
+
* Faster time-to-market for platform vendors
 +
* Open, standards-based platform for third-party application developers
 +
* Excellent connectivity
 +
* Advanced design
 +
* Extensibility
 +
* High-performance, 32-bit OS with pre-emptive multitasking
 +
* Long battery life
 +
* Wide industry support and commitment
 +
* Applications that can be designed once and run on multiple devices
 +
* Diversity of devices for consumers
  
* http://www.answers.com/topic/palm-os
+
== External links ==
* http://www.palm.com/us/
+
* [http://www.symbian.com/ Symbian homepage]
* http://www.palm-freeware.org/
+
* [http://developer.symbian.com/ Symbian Developer Network]
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palm_(PDA)
+
* [http://www.symbianfreeware.org/ Symbian Freeware]
* http://www.encase.com
+
* [http://www.allaboutsymbian.com/ All About Symbian]
* http://www.paraben.com
+
* [http://my-symbian.com/main/index.php Symbian OS and Smartphone Information Center]
* http://www.etech4sale.com/products/partinfo-id-116929.html
+
* http://www.noodlebug.demon.co.uk/goingmob/orpilot.htm
+

Revision as of 17:08, 15 August 2008

Symbian is an open operating system, designed for mobile devices, with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian Ltd. Symbian evolved from Psion's EPOC in 1998. Symbian OS is currently owned by BenQ, Ericsson, Panasonic, Nokia, Siemens AG and Sony Ericsson.

Versions

There are several variations of the Symbian OS that are tailored for different devices. The capabilities of the Symbian OS depend on the device for which it was tailored. Each variation is called a Device Family Reference Design (DFRD).

DFRDs

Device Family Reference Designs (DFRDs) are variations of Symbian OS tailored for different types of mobile information devices including one for smart phones, one for pen-based communicators, and another for keyboard-based communicators. There are three DFRDs: Crystal, Pearl, and Quartz.

Crystal

Crystal is a DFRD tailored for feature-rich, communicator-type devices. Hardware platforms are phones with a full keyboard and a relatively large, landscape-oriented display. Crystal devices are designed for business users who need a lot of information.

Pearl

Pearl is a DFRD for a Symbian smart phone. Hardware platforms typically look like standard cell phones with small displays and limited keyboards.

Quartz

Quartz is a DFRD for a pen-based phone similar to the Palm PDAs. Hardware platforms do not include keyboards, and the relatively large displays are portrait-oriented (vertical). Quartz devices are designed for consumer users and are geared toward information gathering.

History

Symbian is a joint venture between Nokia, Motorola, Ericsson, Matsushita, and Psion that became independent in June 1998. Symbian was established by leaders in the computing and mobile industries to enable the mass market of communicators and smart phones. Here is a brief overview of the milestones in the history of Symbian.

  • In 1980, Psion Software was founded by David Potter.
  • 1990-1998 Psion releases devices using the EPOC16 OS, also known as SIBO. These devices are catagorized as Series 3.
  • 1997 EPOC OS Releases 1–3. The Series 5 device becomes available, its was the first movement towards 32-bit Symbian.
  • In 1998, Symbian Ltd. Created.
  • 1999 - EPOC Release 5. Series 5 devices are in production using ER5. Symbian OS v6.0 and v6.1 becomes the first 'open' Symbian OS phone.
  • 2003 Symbian OS v7.0 and v7.0s released.
  • In 2004, Psion sells Symbian. The first for mobile phones using Symbian OS. Symbian OS v8.0 and v8.1 released. Symbian OS v9.0 fails and is taken out of production before hitting the market.
  • 2005 - Symbian OS v9.1 announced.

Benefits of Symbian OS

  • Faster time-to-market for platform vendors
  • Open, standards-based platform for third-party application developers
  • Excellent connectivity
  • Advanced design
  • Extensibility
  • High-performance, 32-bit OS with pre-emptive multitasking
  • Long battery life
  • Wide industry support and commitment
  • Applications that can be designed once and run on multiple devices
  • Diversity of devices for consumers

External links