Difference between pages "Training Courses and Providers" and "Mac OS X"

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(NON-COMMERCIAL TRAINING)
 
(Launch Agents)
 
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This is the list of Training Course Providers, who offer training courses at specific dates/times and locations (referred to by [[Upcoming_events]]). 
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{{Expand}}
  
<b>PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU EDIT THE LIST BELOW</b><br>
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Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "'''OS Ten'''") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including [[Apple Mail]], a web browser called [[Apple Safari | Safari]], and an [[Apple Address Book]], and [[iCal]].  
Providers of scheduled training course should be listed in alphabetical order, and should be listed in only one section. Non-Commercial training is typically offered by governmental agencies or organizations that directly support law enforcement.  Tool Vendor training is training offered directly by a specific tool vendor, which may apply broadly, but generally is oriented to the vendor's specific tool (or tool suite). Commercial Training is training offered by commercial companies which may or may not be oriented to a specific tool/tool suite, but is offered by a company other than a tool vendor.
+
  
<i>Some training opportunities may be <u>limited</u> to <b>Law Enforcement Only</b> or to a specific audience.  Such restrictions should be noted when known.</i>
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== Disk image types ==
  
The Conference and Training List is provided by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) Digital and Multi-media Listserv. 
+
Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:
<i> (Subscribe by sending an email to listserv@lists.mitre.org with message body containing SUBSCRIBE AAFS-DIGITAL-MULTIMEDIA-LIST)</i>
+
* read-write disk image (.dmg) some of which use the [[Raw Image Format]]
Requests for additions, deletions or corrections to this list may be sent by email to David Baker <i>(bakerd AT mitre.org)</i>.
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* [[Sparse Image format|Sparse disk image (.spareimage)]]
 +
* [[Sparse Bundle Image format|Sparse bundle disk image (.sparsebundle)]]
  
==NON-COMMERCIAL TRAINING==
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== Burn Folder ==
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
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|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
! width="40%"|Title
+
! Website
+
! Limitation
+
|-
+
|Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
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|http://www.fletc.gov/training/programs/computer-financial-intelligence/technical-operations
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|Limited To Law Enforcement
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|-
+
|IACIS
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|http://www.cops.org/training
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|Limited To Law Enforcement and Affiliate Members of IACIS
+
|-
+
|SEARCH
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|http://www.search.org/programs/hightech/calendar.asp
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|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
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|National White Collar Crime Center
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|http://www.nw3c.org/ocr/courses_desc.cfm
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|Limited To Law Enforcement
+
|-
+
|}
+
  
==TOOL VENDOR TRAINING==
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Mac OS X Burn Folder:
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
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<pre>
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
$NAME.fpbf
! Title
+
</pre>
! Website
+
! Limitation
+
|-
+
|AccessData (Forensic Tool Kit FTK)
+
|http://www.accessdata.com/courses.html
+
|-
+
|ASR Data (SMART)
+
|http://www.asrdata.com/training/
+
|-
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|BlackBag Technologies (Macintosh Forensic Suite and MacQuisition Boot Disk)
+
|http://www.blackbagtech.com/products/training.htm
+
|-
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|CPR Tools (Data Recovery)
+
|http://www.cprtools.net/training.php
+
|-
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|Guidance Software (EnCase)
+
|http://www.guidancesoftware.com/training/course_schedule.aspx
+
|-
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|Nuix (eDiscovery)
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|http://www.nuix.com.au/eDiscovery.asp?active_page_id=147
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|-
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|Paraben (Paraben Suite)
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|http://www.paraben-training.com/training.html
+
|-
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|Technology Pathways(ProDiscover)
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|http://www.techpathways.com/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabindex=6&tabid=9
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|-
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|SubRosaSoft (MacForensicsLab)
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|http://www.macforensicslab.com/ProductsAndServices/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=2
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|-
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|WetStone Technologies (Gargoyle, Stego Suite, LiveWire Investigator)
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|https://www.wetstonetech.com/trainings.html
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|-
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|}
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==COMMERCIAL TRAINING==
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This folder normally contains [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="top"
+
<pre>
|- style="background:#bfbfbf; font-weight: bold"
+
00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|
! Title
+
</pre>
! Website
+
 
! Limitation
+
These [[Mac OS X Alias Files|alias files]] contain additional date and time values.
|-
+
 
|Computer Forensic Training Center Online (CFTCO)
+
Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:
|http://www.cftco.com/
+
<pre>
|-
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
|CCE Bootcamp
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist
|http://www.cce-bootcamp.com/
+
</pre>
|-
+
 
|e-fense Training
+
Actual burning of optical media is logged in:
|http://www.e-fense.com/training.php
+
<pre>
|-
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/var/log/system.log
|Infosec Institute
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
|http://www.infosecinstitute.com/courses/security_training_courses.html
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/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
|-
+
</pre>
|ManTech Computer Security Training
+
 
|http://www.mantech.com/msma/isso.asp
+
== HFS/HFS+ date and time values ==
|-
+
 
|Mobile Forensics, Inc
+
In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: [http://web.archive.org/web/20090214212148/http://developer.apple.com/technotes/tn/tn1150.html Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format]
|http://mobileforensicsinc.com/
+
 
|-
+
Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:
|NTI (an Armor Forensics Company)
+
<pre>
|http://www.forensics-intl.com/training.html
+
import datetime
|-
+
 
|Security University
+
print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )
|http://www.securityuniversity.net/classes.php
+
</pre>
|-
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|Steganography Analysis and Research Center (SARC)
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== Launch Agents ==
|http://www.sarc-wv.com/training.aspx
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System-wide:
|-
+
<pre>
|SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security Institute (SANS)
+
/Library/LaunchAgents
|http://www.sans.org/training/courses.php
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/System/Library/LaunchAgents
|-
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</pre>
|Vigilar
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|http://www.vigilar.com/training/
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Per user:
|-
+
<pre>
|}
+
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
These directories contain  [[Property list (plist)]] files.
 +
 
 +
== Launch Daemons ==
 +
System-wide:
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/LaunchDaemons
 +
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
These directories contain [[Property list (plist)]] files.
 +
 
 +
== Startup Items ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/StartupItems/
 +
/System/Library/StartupItems/
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Crash Reporter ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Diagnostic Reports ==
 +
<pre>
 +
/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Quarantine event database ==
 +
See [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/]
 +
 
 +
Snow Leopard and earlier
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Lion and later
 +
<pre>
 +
/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== sleepimage ==
 +
This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.
 +
<pre>
 +
/private/var/vm/sleepimage
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Also see: [http://osxdaily.com/2010/10/11/sleepimage-mac/]
 +
 
 +
== Package Files (.PKG) ==
 +
Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xar_(archiver)] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [http://s.sudre.free.fr/Stuff/Ivanhoe/FLAT.html].
 +
 
 +
== Also see ==
 +
* [[MacOS Process Monitoring]]
 +
* [[Acquiring a MacOS System with Target Disk Mode]]
 +
* [[Converting Binary Plists]]
 +
* [[FileVault Disk Encryption]]
 +
* [[File Vault]]
 +
 
 +
=== Formats ===
 +
* [[Basic Security Module (BSM) file format]]
 +
* [[Property list (plist)]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [http://www.apple.com/macosx/ Official website]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS_X Wikipedia entry on OS X]
 +
* [http://menial.co.uk/blog/2011/06/16/mac-quarantine-event-database/ Quarantine event database]
 +
* [http://www2.tech.purdue.edu/cit/Courses/cit556/readings/MacForensicsCraiger.pdf Mac Forensics: Mac OS X and the HFS+ File System] by P. Craiger
 +
* [http://web.me.com/driley/iWeb/Previous_files/Directory_Services_Overview.pdf Mac OS X Directory Services Integration including Active Directory]
 +
* [http://digitalinvestigation.wordpress.com/2012/04/04/geek-post-nskeyedarchiver-files-what-are-they-and-how-can-i-use-them/ NSKeyedArchiver files – what are they, and how can I use them?]
 +
* [http://krypted.com/mac-os-x/command-line-alf-on-mac-os-x/ Command Line ALF on Mac OS X]
 +
* [http://newosxbook.com/DMG.html Demystifying the DMG File Format]
 +
* [https://code.google.com/p/mac-security-tips/wiki/ALL_THE_TIPS mac-security-tips]
 +
 
 +
=== Apple Examiner ===
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/ The Apple Examiner]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/MacsAndOS/Analysis/USBOSX/USBOSX.html USB Entries on OS X]
 +
* [http://www.appleexaminer.com/Downloads/MacForensics.pdf Macintosh Forensics - A Guide for the Forensically Sound Examination of a Macintosh Computer] by Ryan R. Kubasiak
 +
 
 +
=== iCloud ===
 +
* [http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4865?viewlocale=en_US&locale=en_US iCloud: iCloud security and privacy overview]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Mac OS X]]
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]

Revision as of 14:08, 12 June 2014

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

Apple Inc.'s Macintosh OS X (pronounced "OS Ten") is the operating system distributed with Apple computers. It includes heavily used several programs by default, including Apple Mail, a web browser called Safari, and an Apple Address Book, and iCal.

Disk image types

Mac OS X has support for various disk image types build-in, some of which are:

Burn Folder

Mac OS X Burn Folder:

$NAME.fpbf

This folder normally contains alias files (similar to LNK files under Windows). Which should have the following signature.

00000000  62 6f 6f 6b 00 00 00 00  6d 61 72 6b 00 00 00 00  |book....mark....|

These alias files contain additional date and time values.

Also check the following files for references to deleted .fpbf paths:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Preferences/com.apple.sidebarlists.plist

Actual burning of optical media is logged in:

/var/log/system.log
/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log
/private/var/.logs_exporter/cache/Users/$USERNAME/Library/Logs/DiscRecording.log

HFS/HFS+ date and time values

In HFS+ date and time values are stored in an unsigned 32-bit integer containing the number of seconds since January 1, 1904 at 00:00:00 (midnight) UTC (GMT). This is slightly different from HFS where the date and time value are stored using the local time. The maximum representable date is February 6, 2040 at 06:28:15 UTC (GMT). The date values do not account for leap seconds. They do include a leap day in every year that is evenly divisible by four. This is sufficient given that the range of representable dates does not contain 1900 or 2100, neither of which have leap days. Also see: Technical Note TN1150 - HFS Plus Volume Format

Converting HFS/HFS+ date and time values with Python:

import datetime

print datetime.datetime( 1904, 1, 1 ) + datetime.timedelta( seconds=0xCBDAF25B )

Launch Agents

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchAgents
/System/Library/LaunchAgents

Per user:

/Users/$USERNAME/Library/LaunchAgents

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Launch Daemons

System-wide:

/Library/LaunchDaemons
/System/Library/LaunchDaemons

These directories contain Property list (plist) files.

Startup Items

/Library/StartupItems/
/System/Library/StartupItems/

Crash Reporter

/Library/Application Support/CrashReporter

Diagnostic Reports

/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports

Quarantine event database

See [1]

Snow Leopard and earlier

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEvents
SELECT datetime(LSQuarantineTimeStamp + 978307200, "unixepoch") as LSQuarantineTimeStamp, LSQuarantineAgentName, LSQuarantineOriginURLString, LSQuarantineDataURLString from LSQuarantineEvent;

Lion and later

/Users/$USER/Library/Preferences/com.apple.LaunchServices.QuarantineEventsV2

sleepimage

This file is similar to the hibernation file on Windows.

/private/var/vm/sleepimage

Also see: [2]

Package Files (.PKG)

Package Files (.PKG) are XAR archives [3] that contain a cpio archive and metadata [4].

Also see

Formats

External Links

Apple Examiner

iCloud