Difference between pages "BitLocker: how to image" and "Plaso"

From ForensicsWiki
(Difference between pages)
Jump to: navigation, search
 
(File formats)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{Infobox_Software |
 +
  name = plaso |
 +
  maintainer = [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]], [[Joachim Metz]] |
 +
  os = [[Linux]], [[Mac OS X]], [[Windows]] |
 +
  genre = {{Analysis}} |
 +
  license = {{APL}} |
 +
  website = [https://code.google.com/p/plaso/ code.google.com/p/plaso/] |
 +
}}
  
= Imaging Options =
+
Plaso (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines. The goal of log2timeline (and thus plaso) is to provide a single tool that can parse various log files and forensic artifacts from computers and related systems, such as network equipment to produce a single correlated timeline. This timeline can then be easily analysed by forensic investigators/analysts, speeding up investigations by correlating the vast amount of information found on an average computer system. Plaso is intended to be applied for creating super timelines but also supports creating [http://blog.kiddaland.net/2013/02/targeted-timelines-part-i.html targeted timelines].
  
There are multiple ways to image a computer with bitlocker security in place.
+
The Plaso project site also provides [[4n6time]], formerly "l2t_Review", which is a cross-platform forensic tool for timeline creation and review by [[David Nides]].
  
== Traditional Imaging ==
+
== Supported Formats ==
 +
The information below is based of version 1.1.0
  
One can make a traditional image with the image containing encrypted information.
+
=== Storage Media Image File Formats ===
 +
Storage Medis Image File Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
  
EnCase v6 has an optional encryption module which can decrypt the information provided the password is available.
+
=== Volume System Formats ===
 +
Volume System Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
  
The password is a long series of digits broken up into 8 segments.
+
=== File System Formats ===
 +
File System Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
  
123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-123456-13456-123456
+
=== File formats ===
 +
* Apple System Log (ASL)
 +
* Basic Security Module (BSM)
 +
* Bencode files
 +
* [[Google Chrome|Chrome cache files]]
 +
* CUPS IPP
 +
* [[Extensible Storage Engine (ESE) Database File (EDB) format]] using [[libesedb]]
 +
* Firefox Cache
 +
* Java IDX
 +
* MacOS-X Application firewall
 +
* MacOS-X Keychain
 +
* MacOS-X Securityd
 +
* MacOS-X Wifi
 +
* ([[SleuthKit]]) mactime logs
 +
* McAfee Anti-Virus Logs
 +
* Microsoft [[Internet Explorer History File Format]] (also known as MSIE 4 - 9 Cache Files or index.dat) using [[libmsiecf]]
 +
* [[OLE Compound File]] using [[libolecf]]
 +
* Opera Browser history
 +
* OpenXML
 +
* Pcap files
 +
* Popularity Contest log
 +
* [[Property list (plist)|Property list (plist) format]] using [[binplist]]
 +
* SELinux audit logs
 +
* SkyDrive log and error log files
 +
* [[SQLite database format]] using [[SQLite]]
 +
* Symantec AV Corporate Edition and Endpoint Protection log
 +
* Syslog
 +
* UTMP
 +
* UTMPX
 +
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]] using [[libevt]]
 +
* Windows Firewall
 +
* Windows Job files (also known as "at jobs")
 +
* Windows Prefetch files
 +
* Windows Recycle bin (INFO2 and $I/$R)
 +
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)]] using [[libregf]]
 +
* [[LNK|Windows Shortcut File (LNK) format]] using [[liblnk]]
 +
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]] using [[libevtx]]
 +
* Xchat and Xchat scrollback files
  
There is no whitespace in the password including not at the end.
+
=== Bencode file formats ===
 +
* Transmission
 +
* uTorrent
  
The password is easily recovered from a Bitlocked computer provided it can be logged into.
+
=== ESE database file formats ===
 +
* Internet Explorer WebCache format
  
Thus the basic steps are:
+
=== OLE Compound File formats ===
 +
* Document summary information
 +
* Summary information (top-level only)
  
1) Make a tradition image
+
=== Property list (plist) formats ===
2) Recover the password, this can be done by booting the original computer, or by creating a clone and booting the clone.  (booting from a clone has not been tested at this time.)
+
* Airport
2.1) Once booted log into the computer
+
* Apple Account
2.2) Use the bitlocker control panel applet to display the password.  This can also be done from the command-line.
+
* Bluetooth
2.3) record the password
+
* Install History
3) Load the image into EnCase v6 or higher with the Encryption module installed
+
* iPod/iPhone
4) You will be prompted for the password.  Simply enter it and continue.
+
* Mac User
5) If you prefer to have an un-encrypted image to work with other tools or share with co-workers, you can "re-acquire" the image from within EnCase.  The new image will have unencrypted data.
+
* Safari history
5.1) After adding the encrypted image into your case, simply right click on the drive in the left panel and select acquire.  Select "do not add to case".  You will be presented a dialog window to enter new information about the image.  Make sure the destination you select for your new image does not exist.
+
* Software Update
 +
* Spotlight
 +
* Spotlight Volume Information
 +
* Timemachine
  
== FTK Live Imaging ==
+
=== SQLite database file formats ===
 +
* Android call logs
 +
* Android SMS
 +
* Chrome cookies
 +
* [[Google Chrome|Chrome browsing and downloads history]]
 +
* [[Mozilla Firefox|Firefox browsing and downloads history]]
 +
* Google Drive
 +
* Launch services quarantine events
 +
* MacKeeper cache
 +
* Mac OS X document versions
 +
* Skype text conversations
 +
* [[Zeitgeist|Zeitgeist activity database]]
  
=== FTK Live Imaging of a physical drive ===
+
=== [[Windows Registry]] formats ===
 +
* [[Windows Application Compatibility|AppCompatCache]]
 +
* CCleaner
 +
* Less Frequently Used
 +
* MountPoints2
 +
* MRUList and MRUListEx (no shell item support)
 +
* [[Internet Explorer|MSIE Zones]]
 +
* Office MRU
 +
* Outlook Search
 +
* Run Keys
 +
* Services
 +
* Terminal Server MRU
 +
* Typed URLS
 +
* USBStor
 +
* UserAssist
 +
* WinRar
 +
* Windows version information
  
Using FTK Imager lite, it was determined a live image of the physical system disk resulted in an image with an encrypted bitlocker container on it.
+
== History ==
 +
Plaso is a Python-based rewrite of the Perl-based [[log2timeline]] initially created by [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]]. Plaso builds upon the [[SleuthKit]], [[libyal]], [[dfvfs]] and various other projects.
  
Note that the phrase "physical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.
+
== See Also ==
 +
* [[dfvfs]]
 +
* [[log2timeline]]
  
=== FTK Live Imaging of a logical partition ===
+
== External Links ==
 
+
* [https://code.google.com/p/plaso/ Project site]
This has not been verified to work or fail at this time.
+
* [https://sites.google.com/a/kiddaland.net/plaso/home Project documentation]
 
+
* [http://blog.kiddaland.net/ Project blog]
Note that the phrase "logical" here corresponds directly with FTK Imagers use of the term in their image acquire menu.
+
* [https://sites.google.com/a/kiddaland.net/plaso/usage/4n6time 4n6time]
 
+
=== FTK Live Files and Folders collections ===
+
 
+
This was not attempted, but it seems reasonable to assume this will collect unencrypted files.
+
 
+
[[Category:Disk encryption]]
+
[[Category:Windows]]
+

Revision as of 01:47, 4 June 2014

plaso
Maintainer: Kristinn Gudjonsson, Joachim Metz
OS: Linux, Mac OS X, Windows
Genre: Analysis
License: APL
Website: code.google.com/p/plaso/

Plaso (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines. The goal of log2timeline (and thus plaso) is to provide a single tool that can parse various log files and forensic artifacts from computers and related systems, such as network equipment to produce a single correlated timeline. This timeline can then be easily analysed by forensic investigators/analysts, speeding up investigations by correlating the vast amount of information found on an average computer system. Plaso is intended to be applied for creating super timelines but also supports creating targeted timelines.

The Plaso project site also provides 4n6time, formerly "l2t_Review", which is a cross-platform forensic tool for timeline creation and review by David Nides.

Supported Formats

The information below is based of version 1.1.0

Storage Media Image File Formats

Storage Medis Image File Format support is provided by dfvfs.

Volume System Formats

Volume System Format support is provided by dfvfs.

File System Formats

File System Format support is provided by dfvfs.

File formats

Bencode file formats

  • Transmission
  • uTorrent

ESE database file formats

  • Internet Explorer WebCache format

OLE Compound File formats

  • Document summary information
  • Summary information (top-level only)

Property list (plist) formats

  • Airport
  • Apple Account
  • Bluetooth
  • Install History
  • iPod/iPhone
  • Mac User
  • Safari history
  • Software Update
  • Spotlight
  • Spotlight Volume Information
  • Timemachine

SQLite database file formats

Windows Registry formats

  • AppCompatCache
  • CCleaner
  • Less Frequently Used
  • MountPoints2
  • MRUList and MRUListEx (no shell item support)
  • MSIE Zones
  • Office MRU
  • Outlook Search
  • Run Keys
  • Services
  • Terminal Server MRU
  • Typed URLS
  • USBStor
  • UserAssist
  • WinRar
  • Windows version information

History

Plaso is a Python-based rewrite of the Perl-based log2timeline initially created by Kristinn Gudjonsson. Plaso builds upon the SleuthKit, libyal, dfvfs and various other projects.

See Also

External Links