Difference between pages "Tools:Data Recovery" and "Windows 7"

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= Partition Recovery =
+
== New Features ==
 +
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
 +
* [[Jump Lists]]
 +
* [[Sticky Notes]]
  
*[http://www.ptdd.com/index.htm Partition Table Doctor]
+
== File System ==
: Recover deleted or lost partitions (FAT16/FAT32/NTFS/NTFS5/EXT2/EXT3/SWAP).
+
The file system used by Windows 7 is primarily [[NTFS]].
  
*[http://www.diskinternals.com/ntfs-recovery/ NTFS Recovery]
+
== SSD ==
: DiskInternals NTFS Recovery is a fully automatic utility that recovers data from damaged or formatted disks.
+
Per MS [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2727880 KB2727880], when Windows 7 is installed on a system with an SSD drive, automatic defragmentation and SuperFetch/prefetching are disabled.
  
*[http://www.stud.uni-hannover.de/user/76201/gpart/ gpart]
+
Further, [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/ff356869.aspx this TechNet post] states:
: Gpart is a tool which tries to guess the primary partition table of a PC-type hard disk in case the primary partition table in sector 0 is damaged, incorrect or deleted.
+
<blockquote>
 +
Since ReadyBoost will not provide a performance gain when the primary disk is an SSD, Windows 7 disables ReadyBoost when reading from an SSD drive.
 +
</blockquote>
  
*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk TestDisk]
+
== Jump Lists ==
: [[TestDisk]] is an OpenSource software and is licensed under the GNU Public License (GPL).  
+
[[Jump Lists]] are Task Bar artifacts first introduced on Windows 7 (and also available on Windows 8).
  
== See Also ==
+
== [[Prefetch]] ==
 +
The prefetch hash function is similar to [[Windows 2008]].
  
* [http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=166997 Using Norton Disk Edit to Backup Your Master Boot Record]
+
== Registry ==
 +
The [[Windows_Registry|Windows Registry]] remains a central component of the Windows 7 operating system.
  
== Notes ==
+
=== Known Registry keys of forensic interest ===
  
* "fdisk /mbr" restores the boot code in the [[Master Boot Record]], but not the partition itself. On newer versions of Windows you should use fixmbr, bootrec, mbrfix, or [[MBRWizard]]. You can also extract a copy of the specific standard MBR code from tools like bootrec.exe and diskpart.exe in Windows (from various offsets) and copy it to disk with dd (Use bs=446 count=1). For Windows XP SP2 c:\%WINDIR%\System32\diskpart.exe the MBR code is found between offset 1b818h and 1ba17h.
+
====SAM Registry====
 +
*SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Users
 +
*SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases
  
= Data Recovery =
 
The term "Data Recovery" is frequently used to mean forensic recovery, but the term really should be used for recovering data from damaged media.
 
  
*[http://www.toolsthatwork.com/bringback.htm BringBack]
+
====Security Registry====
: BringBack offers easy to use, inexpensive, and highly successful data recovery for Windows and Linux (ext2) operating systems and digital images stored on memory cards, etc.
+
  
*[http://www.runtime.org/raid.htm RAID Reconstructor]
+
*Security\Policy\PolAcDmSPolicy\PolPrDmS
: Runtime Software's RAID Reconstructor will reconstruct RAID Level 0 (Striping) and RAID Level 5 drives.
+
*Security\Policy\PolAdtEv
 +
*Security\Policy\Secrets
  
*[http://www.salvationdata.com Salvation Data]
+
====NTUSER Registry====
: Claims to have a program that can read the "bad blocks" of Maxtor drives with proprietary commands.
+
*NTUSER\Control Panel\Desktop
 +
*NTUSER\Control Panel\don\
 +
*NTUSER\Environment
 +
*NTUSER\Network
 +
*NTUSER\Printers\Settings\Wizard\ConnectMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Ahead
 +
*NTUSER\Software\America Online\AOL Instant Messenger (TM)\CurrentVersion\Users
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Ares
 +
*NTUSER\Software\bindshell.net\Odysseus
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Blizzard Entertainment\Warcraft III\String
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Cain\Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\DECAFme
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Google\Google Toolbar\4.0\whitelist
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Google\NavClient\1.1\History
 +
*NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Java Update\Policy\JavaFX
 +
*NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\haven
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Dependency Walker\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\IntelliPoint\AppSpecific
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MainSoftware\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoCompleteSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLsTime
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\RecentFileList
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft Management Console\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Multimedia\OtherSoftware\Microsoft\CTF\LangBarAddIn
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\Software\Microsoft\Office\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\OfficeSoftware\Microsoft\Office\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\PIMSRV
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Snapshot Viewer\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\DefaultSoftware\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\User Location Service\Client
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Database
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Mail
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Compatibility Assistant\Persisted
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Layers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\PrinterPorts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles\Outlook\0a0d020000000000c000000000000046
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Management\ARPCache
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Applets
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\BitBucket
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComDlg32
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComputerDescriptions
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ControlPanel
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Map Network Drive MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MountPoints2
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\PublishingWizard\AddNetworkPlace\AddNetPlace\LocationMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RecentDocs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StartPage
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StreamMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TypedPaths
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Wallpaper\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\WordWheelQuery
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Settings\{8AD9C840-044E-11D1-B3E9-00805F499D93}
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\FileHistory
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet SettingsSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\WindowsSearch
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UFH\SHC
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UnreadMail
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\1\Desktop
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Nico Mak Computing\WinZip
 +
*NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCHooks\Application_Prefs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCviewer\MRUSoftware\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Piriform\CCleaner
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Privoxy
 +
*NTUSER\Software\RealNetworks\RealPlayer\6.0\Preferences
 +
*NTUSER\Software\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\SshHostKeys
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Skype
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SmartLine Vision\aports
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SysInternals
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Sysinternals\RootkitRevealer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\VMware
 +
*NTUSER\Software\WinRAR\ArcHistory
  
* [http://www.e-rol.com/en/ e-ROL]
+
== See Also ==
: Erol allows you to recover through the internet files erased by mistake. Recover your files online for free.
+
* [[Windows]]
 
+
* [[Windows Vista]]
* [http://www.recuva.com/ Recuva]
+
* [[Windows 8]]
: Recuva is a freeware Windows tool that will recover accidentally deleted files.
+
 
+
* [http://www.snapfiles.com/get/restoration.html Restoration]
+
: Restoration is a freeware Windows software that will allow you to recover deleted files
+
 
+
* [http://www.undelete-plus.com/ Undelete Plus]
+
: Undelete Plus is a free deleted file recovery tool that works for all versions of Windows (95-Vista), FAT12/16/32, NTFS and NTFS5 filesystems and can perform recovery on various solid state devices.
+
 
+
* [http://www.data-recovery-software.net/ R-Studio]
+
: R-Studio is a data recovery software suite that can recover files from FAT(12-32), NTFS, NTFS 5, HFS/HFS+, FFS, UFS/UFS2 (*BSD, Solaris), Ext2/Ext3 (Linux) and so on.
+
 
+
* [http://www.stellarinfo.com/ Stellar Phoenix]
+
: Data recovery software services & tools to recover lost data from hard drive. Buy award winning data recovery software for Windows, Macintosh, Linux, Novell, and UNIX in India, USA, and Netherland.
+
 
+
 
+
See also [[Data Recovery Stories]]
+
 
+
=Carving=
+
*[http://www.datalifter.com/products.htm DataLifter® - File Extractor Pro]
+
: Data carving runs on multiple threads to make use of modern processors
+
 
+
*[http://www.simplecarver.com/ Simple Carver Suite]
+
: Simple Carver Suite is a collection of unique tools designed for a number of purposes including data recovery, forensic computing and eDiscovery. The suite was originally designed for data recovery and has since expanded to include unique file decoding, file identification and file classification.
+
 
+
*[http://foremost.sourceforge.net/ Foremost]
+
: Foremost is a console program to recover files based on their headers, footers, and internal data structures.
+
 
+
*[http://www.digitalforensicssolutions.com/Scalpel/ Scalpel]
+
: Scalpel is a fast file carver that reads a database of header and footer definitions and extracts matching files from a set of image files or raw device files. Scalpel is filesystem-independent and will carve files from FATx, NTFS, ext2/3, or raw partitions.
+
 
+
*[[EnCase]]
+
: EnCase comes with some enScripts that will do carving.
+
 
+
*[[CarvFs]]  
+
: A virtual file system (fuse) implementation that can provide carving tools with the possibility to do recursive multi tool zero-storage carving (also called in-place carving). Patches and scripts for scalpel and foremost are provided. Works on raw and encase images.
+
 
+
*[[LibCarvPath]]
+
: A shared library that allows carving tools to use zero-storage carving on carvfs virtual files.
+
 
+
*[http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/PhotoRec PhotoRec]
+
: PhotoRec is file data recovery software designed to recover lost files including video, documents and archives from Hard Disks and CDRom and lost pictures (thus, its 'Photo Recovery' name) from digital camera memory.
+
 
+
*[http://www.datarescue.com/photorescue/ PhotoRescue]
+
: Datarescue PhotoRescue Advanced is picture and photo data recovery solution made by the creators of IDA Pro. PhotoRescue will undelete, unerase and recover pictures and files lost on corrupted, erased or damaged compact flash (CF) cards, SD Cards, Memory Sticks, SmartMedia and XD cards.
+
 
+
* [https://www.uitwisselplatform.nl/projects/revit RevIt]
+
: RevIt (Revive It) is an experimental carving tool, initially developed for the DFRWS 2006 carving challenge. It uses 'file structure based carving'. Note that RevIt currently is a work in progress.
+
  
* [http://jbj.rapanden.dk/magicrescue/ Magic Rescue]
+
== External Links ==
: Magic Rescue is a file carving tool that uses "magic bytes" in a file contents to recover data.
+
* [http://dfstream.blogspot.ch/2014/01/the-windows-7-event-log-and-usb-device.html The Windows 7 Event Log and USB Device Tracking], by [[Jason Hale]], January 2, 2014
  
* [[FTK]]
+
[[Category:Operating systems]]
: FTK2 includes some file carvers
+

Latest revision as of 11:28, 3 January 2014

New Features

File System

The file system used by Windows 7 is primarily NTFS.

SSD

Per MS KB2727880, when Windows 7 is installed on a system with an SSD drive, automatic defragmentation and SuperFetch/prefetching are disabled.

Further, this TechNet post states:

Since ReadyBoost will not provide a performance gain when the primary disk is an SSD, Windows 7 disables ReadyBoost when reading from an SSD drive.

Jump Lists

Jump Lists are Task Bar artifacts first introduced on Windows 7 (and also available on Windows 8).

Prefetch

The prefetch hash function is similar to Windows 2008.

Registry

The Windows Registry remains a central component of the Windows 7 operating system.

Known Registry keys of forensic interest

SAM Registry

  • SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Users
  • SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases


Security Registry

  • Security\Policy\PolAcDmSPolicy\PolPrDmS
  • Security\Policy\PolAdtEv
  • Security\Policy\Secrets

NTUSER Registry

  • NTUSER\Control Panel\Desktop
  • NTUSER\Control Panel\don\
  • NTUSER\Environment
  • NTUSER\Network
  • NTUSER\Printers\Settings\Wizard\ConnectMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\
  • NTUSER\Software\Ahead
  • NTUSER\Software\America Online\AOL Instant Messenger (TM)\CurrentVersion\Users
  • NTUSER\Software\Ares
  • NTUSER\Software\bindshell.net\Odysseus
  • NTUSER\Software\Blizzard Entertainment\Warcraft III\String
  • NTUSER\Software\Cain\Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\DECAFme
  • NTUSER\Software\Google\Google Toolbar\4.0\whitelist
  • NTUSER\Software\Google\NavClient\1.1\History
  • NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Java Update\Policy\JavaFX
  • NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\haven
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Dependency Walker\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\IntelliPoint\AppSpecific
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MainSoftware\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoCompleteSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLsTime
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\RecentFileList
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft Management Console\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Multimedia\OtherSoftware\Microsoft\CTF\LangBarAddIn
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\Software\Microsoft\Office\
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\OfficeSoftware\Microsoft\Office\
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\PIMSRV
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Snapshot Viewer\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\DefaultSoftware\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\User Location Service\Client
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Database
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Mail
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Compatibility Assistant\Persisted
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Layers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\PrinterPorts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles\Outlook\0a0d020000000000c000000000000046
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Management\ARPCache
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Applets
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\BitBucket
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComDlg32
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComputerDescriptions
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ControlPanel
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Map Network Drive MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MountPoints2
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\PublishingWizard\AddNetworkPlace\AddNetPlace\LocationMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RecentDocs
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StartPage
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StreamMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TypedPaths
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Wallpaper\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\WordWheelQuery
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Settings\{8AD9C840-044E-11D1-B3E9-00805F499D93}
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\FileHistory
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet SettingsSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\WindowsSearch
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UFH\SHC
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UnreadMail
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\1\Desktop
  • NTUSER\Software\Nico Mak Computing\WinZip
  • NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCHooks\Application_Prefs
  • NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCviewer\MRUSoftware\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Piriform\CCleaner
  • NTUSER\Software\Privoxy
  • NTUSER\Software\RealNetworks\RealPlayer\6.0\Preferences
  • NTUSER\Software\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\SshHostKeys
  • NTUSER\Software\Skype
  • NTUSER\Software\SmartLine Vision\aports
  • NTUSER\Software\SysInternals
  • NTUSER\Software\Sysinternals\RootkitRevealer
  • NTUSER\Software\VMware
  • NTUSER\Software\WinRAR\ArcHistory

See Also

External Links