Difference between pages "Physical memory" and "Windows 7"

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'''Physical memory''' is the '''Random Access Memory''', or '''RAM''', used by the computer. By [[Tools:Memory_Imaging|imaging]] the physical memory, the volatile state of the computer system can be preserved for later analysis.  The contents of memory include the code and data, of the operating system and of the programs running on the computer.
+
== New Features ==
 +
* [[BitLocker Disk Encryption | BitLocker To Go]]
 +
* [[Jump Lists]]
 +
* [[Sticky Notes]]
  
== See also ==
+
== File System ==
* [[Tools:Memory Imaging]]
+
The file system used by Windows 7 is primarily [[NTFS]].
* [[Memory analysis]]
+
 
 +
== SSD ==
 +
Per MS [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2727880 KB2727880], when Windows 7 is installed on a system with an SSD drive, automatic defragmentation and SuperFetch/prefetching are disabled.
 +
 
 +
Further, [http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/ff356869.aspx this TechNet post] states:
 +
<blockquote>
 +
Since ReadyBoost will not provide a performance gain when the primary disk is an SSD, Windows 7 disables ReadyBoost when reading from an SSD drive.
 +
</blockquote>
 +
 
 +
== Jump Lists ==
 +
[[Jump Lists]] are Task Bar artifacts first introduced on Windows 7 (and also available on Windows 8).
 +
 
 +
== [[Prefetch]] ==
 +
The prefetch hash function is similar to [[Windows 2008]].
 +
 
 +
== Registry ==
 +
The [[Windows_Registry|Windows Registry]] remains a central component of the Windows 7 operating system.
 +
 
 +
=== Known Registry keys of forensic interest ===
 +
 
 +
====SAM Registry====
 +
*SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Users
 +
*SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases
 +
 
 +
 
 +
====Security Registry====
 +
 
 +
*Security\Policy\PolAcDmSPolicy\PolPrDmS
 +
*Security\Policy\PolAdtEv
 +
*Security\Policy\Secrets
 +
 
 +
====NTUSER Registry====
 +
*NTUSER\Control Panel\Desktop
 +
*NTUSER\Control Panel\don\
 +
*NTUSER\Environment
 +
*NTUSER\Network
 +
*NTUSER\Printers\Settings\Wizard\ConnectMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Ahead
 +
*NTUSER\Software\America Online\AOL Instant Messenger (TM)\CurrentVersion\Users
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Ares
 +
*NTUSER\Software\bindshell.net\Odysseus
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Blizzard Entertainment\Warcraft III\String
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Cain\Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\DECAFme
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Google\Google Toolbar\4.0\whitelist
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Google\NavClient\1.1\History
 +
*NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Java Update\Policy\JavaFX
 +
*NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\haven
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Dependency Walker\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\IntelliPoint\AppSpecific
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MainSoftware\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoCompleteSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLsTime
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\RecentFileList
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft Management Console\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Multimedia\OtherSoftware\Microsoft\CTF\LangBarAddIn
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\Software\Microsoft\Office\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\OfficeSoftware\Microsoft\Office\
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\PIMSRV
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Snapshot Viewer\Recent File List
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\DefaultSoftware\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\User Location Service\Client
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Database
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Mail
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Compatibility Assistant\Persisted
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Layers
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\PrinterPorts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles\Outlook\0a0d020000000000c000000000000046
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Management\ARPCache
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Applets
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\BitBucket
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComDlg32
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComputerDescriptions
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ControlPanel
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Map Network Drive MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MountPoints2
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\PublishingWizard\AddNetworkPlace\AddNetPlace\LocationMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RecentDocs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StartPage
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StreamMRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TypedPaths
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Wallpaper\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\WordWheelQuery
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Settings\{8AD9C840-044E-11D1-B3E9-00805F499D93}
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\FileHistory
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet SettingsSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\WindowsSearch
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UFH\SHC
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UnreadMail
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\1\Desktop
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Nico Mak Computing\WinZip
 +
*NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCHooks\Application_Prefs
 +
*NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCviewer\MRUSoftware\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Piriform\CCleaner
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Privoxy
 +
*NTUSER\Software\RealNetworks\RealPlayer\6.0\Preferences
 +
*NTUSER\Software\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\SshHostKeys
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Skype
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SmartLine Vision\aports
 +
*NTUSER\Software\SysInternals
 +
*NTUSER\Software\Sysinternals\RootkitRevealer
 +
*NTUSER\Software\VMware
 +
*NTUSER\Software\WinRAR\ArcHistory
 +
 
 +
== See Also ==
 +
* [[Windows]]
 +
* [[Windows Vista]]
 +
* [[Windows 8]]
 +
 
 +
== External Links ==
 +
* [http://dfstream.blogspot.ch/2014/01/the-windows-7-event-log-and-usb-device.html The Windows 7 Event Log and USB Device Tracking], by [[Jason Hale]], January 2, 2014
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Operating systems]]

Latest revision as of 11:28, 3 January 2014

New Features

File System

The file system used by Windows 7 is primarily NTFS.

SSD

Per MS KB2727880, when Windows 7 is installed on a system with an SSD drive, automatic defragmentation and SuperFetch/prefetching are disabled.

Further, this TechNet post states:

Since ReadyBoost will not provide a performance gain when the primary disk is an SSD, Windows 7 disables ReadyBoost when reading from an SSD drive.

Jump Lists

Jump Lists are Task Bar artifacts first introduced on Windows 7 (and also available on Windows 8).

Prefetch

The prefetch hash function is similar to Windows 2008.

Registry

The Windows Registry remains a central component of the Windows 7 operating system.

Known Registry keys of forensic interest

SAM Registry

  • SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Users
  • SAM\SAM\Domains\Builtin\Aliases


Security Registry

  • Security\Policy\PolAcDmSPolicy\PolPrDmS
  • Security\Policy\PolAdtEv
  • Security\Policy\Secrets

NTUSER Registry

  • NTUSER\Control Panel\Desktop
  • NTUSER\Control Panel\don\
  • NTUSER\Environment
  • NTUSER\Network
  • NTUSER\Printers\Settings\Wizard\ConnectMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\Software\Adobe\Acrobat Reader\
  • NTUSER\Software\Ahead
  • NTUSER\Software\America Online\AOL Instant Messenger (TM)\CurrentVersion\Users
  • NTUSER\Software\Ares
  • NTUSER\Software\bindshell.net\Odysseus
  • NTUSER\Software\Blizzard Entertainment\Warcraft III\String
  • NTUSER\Software\Cain\Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\DECAFme
  • NTUSER\Software\Google\Google Toolbar\4.0\whitelist
  • NTUSER\Software\Google\NavClient\1.1\History
  • NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Java Update\Policy\JavaFX
  • NTUSER\Software\JavaSoft\Prefs\haven
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Command Processor
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Dependency Walker\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\IntelliPoint\AppSpecific
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MainSoftware\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\AutoCompleteSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLsTime
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\Player\RecentFileList
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft Management Console\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Multimedia\OtherSoftware\Microsoft\CTF\LangBarAddIn
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0Software\Microsoft\Office\14.0
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Office\Software\Microsoft\Office\
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\OfficeSoftware\Microsoft\Office\
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\PIMSRV
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Snapshot Viewer\Recent File List
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\DefaultSoftware\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Terminal Server Client\Servers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\User Location Service\Client
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Contacts\Database
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live Mail
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Compatibility Assistant\Persisted
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\AppCompatFlags\Layers
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\PrinterPorts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows Messaging Subsystem\Profiles\Outlook\0a0d020000000000c000000000000046
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Management\ARPCache
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Applets
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\BitBucket
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComDlg32
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ComputerDescriptions
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ControlPanel
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Map Network Drive MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MenuOrder
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MountPoints2
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\PublishingWizard\AddNetworkPlace\AddNetPlace\LocationMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RecentDocs
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StartPage
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\StreamMRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TypedPaths
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Wallpaper\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\WordWheelQuery
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Ext\Settings\{8AD9C840-044E-11D1-B3E9-00805F499D93}
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\FileHistory
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\ZoneMap
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet SettingsSoftware\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\WindowsSearch
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UFH\SHC
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\UnreadMail
  • NTUSER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\1\Desktop
  • NTUSER\Software\Nico Mak Computing\WinZip
  • NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCHooks\Application_Prefs
  • NTUSER\Software\ORL\VNCviewer\MRUSoftware\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\Piriform\CCleaner
  • NTUSER\Software\Privoxy
  • NTUSER\Software\RealNetworks\RealPlayer\6.0\Preferences
  • NTUSER\Software\RealVNC\VNCViewer4\MRU
  • NTUSER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\SshHostKeys
  • NTUSER\Software\Skype
  • NTUSER\Software\SmartLine Vision\aports
  • NTUSER\Software\SysInternals
  • NTUSER\Software\Sysinternals\RootkitRevealer
  • NTUSER\Software\VMware
  • NTUSER\Software\WinRAR\ArcHistory

See Also

External Links