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Difference between pages "Solid State Drive (SSD) Forensics" and "File:Huawei-tracfone-m865c-riff-settings.jpg"

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Solid State Drives pose a variety of interesting challenges for computer forensics. Most SSD devices are based on flash memory. Flash has two properties that complicate its use in computer storage systems:
# Unlike normal hard drives that can be written in a single pass, flash memory is arranged in pages that must first be erased before it can be written.
# Each flash page consists of multiple blocks. Typically block size is 512 bytes and page size is 2KiB, 4KiB, or larger.
# Each page can be erased and rewritten a limited number of times---typically 1000 to 10,000. (Hard drive sectors, in contrast, can be rewritten millions of times or more.)
To overcome these problems, SSD manufacturers have created a system for ''wear leveling''---that is, spreading the writes to flash out among different sectors. Wear leveling is typically done with a ''flash translation layer'' that maps ''logical sectors'' (or LBAs) to ''physical pages.''  Most FTLs are contained within the SSD device and are not accessible to end users.
  author = {Michael Wei and Laura M. Grupp and Frederick M. Spada and Steven Swanson},
  title = {Reliably Erasing Data from Flash-Based Solid State Drives},
  booktitle={FAST 2011},
  year = 2011,
  keywords = {erasing flash security ssd},
  added-at = {2011-02-22T09:22:03.000+0100},
  biburl = {}
author="Graeme B. Bell and Richard Boddington",
title="Solid State Drives: The Beginning of the End for Current Practice in Digital Forensic Recovery?",
journal="Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law",
author = {Billard, David and Hauri, Rolf},
title = {Making sense of unstructured flash-memory dumps},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing},
series = {SAC '10},
year = {2010},
isbn = {978-1-60558-639-7},
location = {Sierre, Switzerland},
pages = {1579--1583},
numpages = {5},
url = {},
doi = {},
acmid = {1774426},
publisher = {ACM},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
keywords = {cell phone, computer forensics, file carving, flash-memory dumps, forensics},
* [ ATA Trim / Delete Notification Support in Windows 7], Neal Christiansen, Storage Developer 2009
* [ Challenges of SSD Forensic Analysis], Digital Assembly.
* [ ]Solid State Drives: Ruining Forensics, by Scott Moulton, DEFCON 16 (2008)
* Scott Moulton, Shmoocon 20008,  SSD drives vs. Hard Drives.
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 1]
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 2]
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 3]
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 4]
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 5]
** [ SSD Flash Hard Drives - Shmoocon 2008 - Part 6]
* [ Risky Business #185], Peter Gutmann talks SSD forensics, March 4, 2011 (Radio Show)

Revision as of 00:47, 12 September 2013