Difference between pages "Research Topics" and "CAINE Live CD"

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Interested in doing research in computer forensics? Looking for a master's topic, or just some ideas for a research paper? Here is our list. Please feel free to add your own ideas.
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{{Infobox_Software |
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  name = CAINE LiveCD |
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  maintainer = [[Nanni Bassetti]] |
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  os = {{Linux}} |
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  genre = {{Live CD}} |
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  license = {{GPL}}, others |
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  website = [http://www.caine-live.net Caine Live] |
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}}
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'' ''' Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment'''') is a [[distribution Linux | distribution]] [[Live CD | live]] oriented to Computer Forensics ([[computer forensics]]) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics '' Interdepartmental Research Center for Security'' (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia  see [http://www.caine-live.net/page4/history.html Official Site].
 +
Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.
  
Many of these would make a nice master's project.
+
== Features ==
 +
The latest version of Caine is based on the [[Ubuntu Linux]] 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the [[NIST]] View [Http://www.cftt.nist.gov/Methodology_Overview.htm the methodologies of Nist].
  
=Programming/Engineering Projects=
+
Caine includes:
 +
* Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
 +
* Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
 +
* Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
 +
* Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, [Http://www.parlamento.it/parlam/leggi/08048l.htm Law 48/2008,].
  
==Small-Sized Projects==
+
In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.
; Sleuthkit:
+
* Rewrite SleuthKit '''sorter''' in C++ to make it faster and more flexible.
+
; tcpflow:
+
* Modify [[tcpflow]]'s iptree.h implementation so that it only stores discriminating bit prefixes in the tree, similar to D. J. Bernstein's [http://cr.yp.to/critbit.html Crit-bit] trees.
+
* Determine why [[tcpflow]]'s iptree.h implementation's ''prune'' works differently when caching is enabled then when it is disabled
+
  
==Medium-Sized Projects==
+
The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:
===Forensic File Viewer ===
+
* Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
* Create a program that visualizes the contents of a file, sort of like hexedit, but with other features:
+
* No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the [[Journal]];
** Automatically pull out the strings
+
* Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.
** Show histogram
+
** Detect crypto and/or stenography.
+
* Extend SleuthKit's [[fiwalk]] to report the NTFS alternative data streams.
+
  
===Data Sniffing===
+
[[RBFstab]] is set to treat [[EXT3]] as a [[EXT4]]'' noload with the option'' to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of '[[EXT3]];
* Create a method to detect NTFS-compressed cluster blocks on a disk (RAW data stream). A method could be to write a generic signature to detect the beginning of NTFS-compressed file segments on a disk. This method is useful in carving and scanning for textual strings.
+
* Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file [[swap]] in systems with limited memory [[RAM]], avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.
  
 +
Caine and Open Source == ==
 +
Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts,
 +
etc..) from all over the world. <br />
  
===SleuthKit Modifications===
+
CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could
* Write a FUSE-based mounter for SleuthKit, so that disk images can be forensically mounted using TSK.
+
take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager. <br />
* Modify SleuthKit's API so that the physical location on disk of compressed files can be learned.
+
  
===Anti-Frensics Detection===
+
The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.
* A pluggable rule-based system that can detect the residual data or other remnants of running a variety of anti-forensics software
+
  
===Carvers===
+
== Caine Interface ==
Develop a new carver with a plug-in architecture and support for fragment reassembly carving. Take a look at:
+
Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools. <Br/>
* [[Carver 2.0 Planning Page]]
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* ([mailto:rainer.poisel@gmail.com Rainer Poisel']) [https://github.com/rpoisel/mmc Multimedia File Carver], which allows for the reassembly of multimedia fragmented files.
+
  
===Correlation Engine===
+
Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations. <br />
* Logfile correlation
+
* Document identity identification
+
* Correlation between stored data and intercept data
+
* Online Social Network Analysis
+
  
===Data Snarfing/Web Scraping===
+
Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator.
* Find and download in a forensically secure manner all of the information in a social network (e.g. Facebook, LinkedIn, etc.) associated with a targeted individual.
+
Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure. <br />
* Determine who is searching for a targeted individual. This might be done with a honeypot, or documents with a tracking device in them, or some kind of covert Facebook App.
+
* Automated grouping/annotation of low-level events, e.g. access-time, log-file entry, to higher-level events, e.g. program start, login
+
  
=== Timeline analysis ===
+
The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis. <br />
* Mapping differences and similarities in multiple versions of a system, e.g. those created by [[Windows Shadow Volumes]] but not limited to
+
* Write a new timeline viewer that supports Logfile fusion (with offsets) and provides the ability to view the logfile in the frequency domain.
+
  
===EnCase Enhancement===
+
The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.
* Develop an EnScript that allows you to script EnCase from Python. (You can do this because EnScripts can run arbitrary DLLs. The EnScript calls the DLL. Each "return" from the DLL is a specific EnCase command to execute. The EnScript then re-enters the DLL.)
+
  
==Reverse-Engineering Projects==
+
Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.
=== Application analysis ===
+
* Reverse the on-disk structure of the [[Extensible Storage Engine (ESE) Database File (EDB) format]] to learn:
+
** Fill in the missing information about older ESE databases
+
** Exchange EDB (MAPI database), STM
+
** Active Directory (Active Directory working document available on request)
+
* Reverse the on-disk structure of the Lotus [[Notes Storage Facility (NSF)]]
+
* Reverse the on-disk structure of Microsoft SQL Server databases
+
  
=== Volume/File System analysis ===
+
Inside contains the following software.
* Analysis of inter snapshot changes in [[Windows Shadow Volumes]]
+
* Modify SleuthKit's NTFS implementation to support NTFS encrypted files (EFS)
+
* Extend SleuthKit's implementation of NTFS to cover Transaction NTFS (TxF) (see [[NTFS]])
+
* Physical layer access to flash storage (requires reverse-engineering proprietary APIs for flash USB and SSD storage.)
+
* Add support to SleuthKit for [[Resilient File System (ReFS)|ReFS]].
+
  
 +
, Acquisition
 +
* Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
 +
* LRRP
 +
* AIR
 +
* Guymager
 +
* Terminal with saving the output
 +
* DC3DD
  
 +
; Analysis
 +
* Autopsy
 +
* [[The SleuthKit]]
 +
* [[Selective file dumper | Sfdumper 2.2]]
 +
* Fundl 2.0
 +
* Scalpel
 +
* Foremost
 +
* Stegdetect
 +
* Ophcrack
 +
* Nautilus scripts
 +
* And many others
  
==Error Rates==
+
Reporting semiautomatic == ==
* Develop improved techniques for identifying encrypted data. (It's especially important to distinguish encrypted data from compressed data).
+
* Quantify the error rate of different forensic tools and processes. Are these rates theoretical or implementation dependent? What is the interaction of the error rates and the [[Daubert]] standard?
+
  
==Research Areas==
+
Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator. <br />
These are research areas that could easily grow into a PhD thesis.
+
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report. <br />
* General-purpose detection of:
+
** Stegnography
+
** Sanitization attempts
+
** Evidence Falsification (perhaps through inconsistency in file system allocations, application data allocation, and log file analysis.
+
* Visualization of data/information in digital forensic context
+
* SWOT of current visualization techniques in forensic tools; improvements; feasibility of 3D representation;
+
  
==See Also==
+
All set within the Perl program.
* [http://itsecurity.uiowa.edu/securityday/documents/guan.pdf Digital Forensics: Research Challenges and Open Problems, Dr. Yong Guan, Iowa State University, Dec. 4, 2007]
+
  
__NOTOC__
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The Project Caine == ==
  
[[Category:Research]]
+
The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) <ref> Research Centre Interpardimentale Security - University of Modena [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 site] </ ref>, in this way the distribution has benefited from essential contributions on the technical computing, together to the latest "best practices" legal investigation digital  see [http://www.di.unisa.it/~ads/ads/Sicurezza_files/tesina%20pisano%20marzaioli.pdf Security University of Salerno] see [http://www.forwardedge2.com/pdf/bestpractices.pdf U.S. Secret Service document] see [http://ncfs.org/craiger.forensics.methods.procedures.final.pdf CraigeR's Draft].
 +
 
 +
The project Caine was also the subject of a scientific paper accepted and published inside the first Workshop on Computer & Network Forensics held in Milan September 10th 2008 - [http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSCoNF].
 +
 
 +
In followed all close collaboration with Denis Frati (spilled by the project at end 2009) and Nanni Bassetti, prominent figures in the panorama of Italian Digital Forensics, allowed a constant improvement of investigative standards proposed. The work carried out together with the staff ConoscereLinux allowed to enter Caine within the Italian community of programmers of open-source software.
 +
 
 +
Caine is very much the spirit of Open Source OSSConf 2008 Open Source Day 2012, precisely because the various inputs planning and operational were provided by so many employees scattered across the globe, using only the network to communicate and many have our utmost to provide hosting, mirror and suggestions, scripts and everything that can serve to improve the project, then a full and free.
 +
 
 +
Currently the project manager and a team of international figures treat the project Caine since the 1.0 release to date that has arrived at version 4.0 (18-March-2013) and achieving praise from law enforcements of several foreign nations.
 +
 
 +
24/11/2012 The Caine 3.0 was presented at '[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012] at the University of Udine.
 +
 
 +
== Notes ==
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
== Bibliography ==
 +
* Andrea Ghirardini, Gabriele Faggioli, ''Computer Forensics'', Apogeo, 2009, ISBN 9788850328161
 +
* E. Huebner, S. Zanero, ''Open Source Software for Digital Forensics'', Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4419-5802-0
 +
* Diane Barrett, Greg Kipper, ''Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment'', Syngress, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59749-557-8
 +
* Sean Philip Oriyano and Michael Gregg, ''Hacker Techniques, Tools, And Incident Handling'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9183-4
 +
* Michael Jang, ''Security Strategies in Linux Platforms and Applications'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9189-6
 +
 
 +
== Collegamenti esterni ==
 +
*[http://www.careeracademy.com/browseproducts/CHFI-Training-CBT-Boot-Camp--EC-Council-Computer-Hacking-Forensic-Investigator.HTML Presente nel training CHFI Ec-Council] International certificatione
 +
*[http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-5803-7_5 Open Source Live Distributions for Computer Forensics- by Springer]<br />
 +
*[http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSConf 2008]<br />
 +
*[http://books.google.it/books?id=jQVgWaF3pJwC&pg=PT304&lpg=PT304&dq=Andrea+Ghirardini;+Gabriele+Faggioli,+Computer+Forensics+caine&source=bl&ots=mf8-Def6uF&sig=88ydFgTv05M2Q45B4FSvwqhBXKk&hl=it&sa=X&ei=W2voUOD3Lcrk4QSVlIDoDQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAQ Google books]<br />
 +
*[http://www.amazon.com/Virtualization-Forensics-Forensic-Investigators-Environments/dp/1597495573Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazin.de/Ausgaben/2010/12/Italienische-Aufklaerung Linux-Mazin.de]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazine.com/Issues/2011/122/Caine Linux-Magazine.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]<br />
 +
*[http://searchsecurity.techtarget.it/articoli/0,1254,18_ART_103282,00.html TechTarget.it]<br />
 +
*[http://programmazione.it/index.php?entity=eitem&idItem=41687 Programmazione.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/upload/caine-3.0-review-121009195504.html Linuxtoday.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/infrastructure/2010122801535SCSW Linuxtoday.com 2]<br />
 +
*[http://news.softpedia.com/news/CAINE-3-0-a-Tool-for-Digital-Forensics-297461.shtml Softpedia]<br />
 +
*[http://hackingzones.in/?p=2726 hackingzone.in]<br />
 +
*[http://www.gustavopimentel.com.ar/ gustavopimental.com.ar]<br />
 +
*[http://www.concise-courses.com/security/top-ten-distros/# concise-courses.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.e-linux.it/news_detail/caine-15 e-linux.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.ilsoftware.it/articoli.asp?tag=CAINE-progetto-italiano-per-la-computer-forensics_5656 ilsoftware.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.dragonjar.org/distribucion-live-cd-analisis-forense.xhtml dragonjar.org]<br />
 +
*[http://www.nannibassetti.com/dblog/articolo.asp?articolo=156 Attestato Marenostrum V.F.F.]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxformat.com/archives?issue=151 LinuxFormat] <br />
 +
*[http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/10things/10-obscure-linux-distributions-and-why-you-should-know-about-them/2334 TechRepublic]<br />
 +
*[http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/CAINE_Live_CD ForensicsWiki]<br />
 +
* [http://www.caine-live.net Sito ufficiale]
 +
* [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 Sito del CRIS] dedicato a Caine
 +
 
 +
{{Linux}}

Revision as of 06:05, 3 May 2013

CAINE LiveCD
Maintainer: Nanni Bassetti
OS: Linux
Genre: Live CD
License: GPL, others
Website: Caine Live

Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment') is a distribution live oriented to Computer Forensics (computer forensics) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics Interdepartmental Research Center for Security (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia see Official Site. Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.

Features

The latest version of Caine is based on the Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the NIST View the methodologies of Nist.

Caine includes:

  • Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
  • Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
  • Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
  • Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, Law 48/2008,.

In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.

The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:

  • Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
  • No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the Journal;
  • Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.

RBFstab is set to treat EXT3 as a EXT4 noload with the option to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of 'EXT3;

  • Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file swap in systems with limited memory RAM, avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.

Caine and Open Source == == Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts, etc..) from all over the world.

CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager.

The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.

Caine Interface

Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools.

Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations.

Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator. Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure.

The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis.

The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.

Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.

Inside contains the following software.

, Acquisition

  • Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
  • LRRP
  • AIR
  • Guymager
  • Terminal with saving the output
  • DC3DD
Analysis

Reporting semiautomatic == ==

Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator.
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report.

All set within the Perl program.

The Project Caine == ==

The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) [1]
Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found