Difference between pages "User:Spoon" and "CAINE Live CD"

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Advanced Cell phone forensics at the lowest level                                                                  
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{{Infobox_Software |
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  name = CAINE LiveCD |
 +
  maintainer = [[Nanni Bassetti]] |
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  os = {{Linux}} |
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  genre = {{Live CD}} |
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  license = {{GPL}}, others |
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  website = [http://www.caine-live.net Caine Live] |
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}}
 +
'' ''' Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment'''') is a [[distribution Linux | distribution]] [[Live CD | live]] oriented to Computer Forensics ([[computer forensics]]) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics '' Interdepartmental Research Center for Security'' (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia  see [http://www.caine-live.net/page4/history.html Official Site].
 +
Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.
  
 +
== Features ==
 +
The latest version of Caine is based on the [[Ubuntu Linux]] 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the [[NIST]] View [Http://www.cftt.nist.gov/Methodology_Overview.htm the methodologies of Nist].
  
 +
Caine includes:
 +
* Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
 +
* Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
 +
* Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
 +
* Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, [Http://www.parlamento.it/parlam/leggi/08048l.htm Law 48/2008,].
  
Introduction
+
In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.
  
As more new cell phone technologies emerge, the digital forensics science has no record of published information on the specific protocols used for forensic acquisition and analysis of cell phones, PDAs, and smart phones. There are new cell phone technologies including OBEX, FBUS, SYNCML, BREW, and IDEN which are not disclosed to the public and law enforcement. Since cellular phones forensics is proprietary, it makes the process difficult. Therefore, there needs to be a way to acquire this information and display in a meaningful way for law enforcement and the respective authorities. The purpose is to penetrate cell phones using advanced cell phone forensics and data recovery at the lowest level.  
+
The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:
 +
* Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
 +
* No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the [[Journal]];
 +
* Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.
  
This paper will give a short overview of the suggestions of processing forensics at the lowest level while analyzing these technologies.  
+
[[RBFstab]] is set to treat [[EXT3]] as a [[EXT4]]'' noload with the option'' to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of '[[EXT3]];
 +
* Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file [[swap]] in systems with limited memory [[RAM]], avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.
  
 +
Caine and Open Source == ==
 +
Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts,
 +
etc..) from all over the world. <br />
  
Brew Concepts
+
CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could
 +
take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager. <br />
  
 +
The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.
  
Brew stands for Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless. It was developed by Qualcomm as an application development platform in 2001 for CDMA, GSM/GPRS, and UMTS mobile cellular devices. Currently the latest version is BREW 3.1 version. Brew is being platform independent, is used for programming applications, games, wireless implementations, sending messages, and etc. BREW Application Execution Environment (AEE) must be present on the phone in order for BREW to run. A function in BREW that allows for a sending SMS commands is ‘ITAPI_SendSMS’. Often Brew is compared to J2ME since most of Europe uses J2ME while BREW is used in the U.S. and Japan.  
+
== Caine Interface ==
 +
Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools. <Br/>
  
Hayes AT Commands and Diagnostic mode
+
Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations. <br />
  
Diagnostic mode is a certain state of the cell phone where deeper functions and information of a phone may be accessed. Typically called “DM mode”, phones before they can be fully extracted are put in “DM mode” first. BitPim a program for extracting data from CDMA phones uses this mode on phones before tapping into the data and file system.  
+
Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator.
Since most cell phones can function as a modem, AT commands can be executed to perform certain functions and information reporting. For CDMA phones, via Hyperterminal, the command “AT$QCDMG” allows for some CDMA phones to be put into diagnostic mode. BitPim also has this functionality automatically incorporated into its program. To utilize a Brew environment via Hyperterminal, the command ‘AT$BREW’ may allow some phones to go into Brew mode. Typically BitPim first changes the phone into DM mode before entering Brew mode to perform extraction and functions.  
+
Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure. <br />
  
 +
The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis. <br />
  
 +
The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.
  
 +
Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.
  
Using BitPim
+
Inside contains the following software.
  
Bitpim is a open source program that runs on the Python programming language while
+
, Acquisition
extracting forensic information such as phonebook, calls made, SMS, and etc from many
+
* Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
CDMA phones. Some of the features of Bitpim allow users to access the file system in
+
* LRRP
hex code.
+
* AIR
 +
* Guymager
 +
* Terminal with saving the output
 +
* DC3DD
  
The following screenshots shows a screenshot of a LG phone file system and the log using BitPim.
+
; Analysis
[[Image:Bitpim.JPG]]
+
* Autopsy
[[Image:Bitpim_2.JPG]]
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* [[The SleuthKit]]
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* [[Selective file dumper | Sfdumper 2.2]]
 +
* Fundl 2.0
 +
* Scalpel
 +
* Foremost
 +
* Stegdetect
 +
* Ophcrack
 +
* Nautilus scripts
 +
* And many others
  
+
Reporting semiautomatic == ==
  
 +
Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator. <br />
 +
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report. <br />
  
 +
All set within the Perl program.
  
 +
The Project Caine == ==
  
 +
The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) <ref> Research Centre Interpardimentale Security - University of Modena [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 site] </ ref>, in this way the distribution has benefited from essential contributions on the technical computing, together to the latest "best practices" legal investigation digital  see [http://www.di.unisa.it/~ads/ads/Sicurezza_files/tesina%20pisano%20marzaioli.pdf Security University of Salerno] see [http://www.forwardedge2.com/pdf/bestpractices.pdf U.S. Secret Service document] see [http://ncfs.org/craiger.forensics.methods.procedures.final.pdf CraigeR's Draft].
  
    FBUS
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The project Caine was also the subject of a scientific paper accepted and published inside the first Workshop on Computer & Network Forensics held in Milan September 10th 2008 - [http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSCoNF].
  
According to Embedtronics, Nokia “FBUS is a bi-directional serial type bus running at 115,200bps, 8 data bits.” Gnokii is an open source program that allows more capability than Hayes AT commands on Nokia AT compatible phones and has many functions such as: identifying a phone, read memory status, read SMS messages, read/write bitmaps, read network info, create/delete SMS folders, read RF/battery level, and etc.  
+
In followed all close collaboration with Denis Frati (spilled by the project at end 2009) and Nanni Bassetti, prominent figures in the panorama of Italian Digital Forensics, allowed a constant improvement of investigative standards proposed. The work carried out together with the staff ConoscereLinux allowed to enter Caine within the Italian community of programmers of open-source software.
  
The following screenshot shows all the functions Gnokii offers to the user.                    
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Caine is very much the spirit of Open Source OSSConf 2008 Open Source Day 2012, precisely because the various inputs planning and operational were provided by so many employees scattered across the globe, using only the network to communicate and many have our utmost to provide hosting, mirror and suggestions, scripts and everything that can serve to improve the project, then a full and free.
[[Image:Clip_image002.jpg]]
+
+
Significance to Investigation
+
  
Although Hayes AT commands can extract a significant amount of data acquisition data, protocols such as BREW and FBUS, allows forensic investigators to process cell phones further and with more options. As many protocols are still making there way to investigators, this paper helps to identify data acquisition at the lowest level.
+
Currently the project manager and a team of international figures treat the project Caine since the 1.0 release to date that has arrived at version 4.0 (18-March-2013) and achieving praise from law enforcements of several foreign nations.
+
                                                    Conclusion
+
  
The purpose of this paper was to penetrate cell phone suing advanced cell phone forensics and data recovery at the lowest level. Technical specifications of FBUS and BREW were described to assist law enforcement and the Purdue Cyber forensics program.
+
24/11/2012 The Caine 3.0 was presented at '[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012] at the University of Udine.
 +
 
 +
== Notes ==
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
== Bibliography ==
 +
* Andrea Ghirardini, Gabriele Faggioli, ''Computer Forensics'', Apogeo, 2009, ISBN 9788850328161
 +
* E. Huebner, S. Zanero, ''Open Source Software for Digital Forensics'', Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4419-5802-0
 +
* Diane Barrett, Greg Kipper, ''Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment'', Syngress, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59749-557-8
 +
* Sean Philip Oriyano and Michael Gregg, ''Hacker Techniques, Tools, And Incident Handling'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9183-4
 +
* Michael Jang, ''Security Strategies in Linux Platforms and Applications'', Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011, ISBN 978-0-7637-9189-6
 +
 
 +
== Collegamenti esterni ==
 +
*[http://www.careeracademy.com/browseproducts/CHFI-Training-CBT-Boot-Camp--EC-Council-Computer-Hacking-Forensic-Investigator.HTML Presente nel training CHFI Ec-Council] International certificatione
 +
*[http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4419-5803-7_5 Open Source Live Distributions for Computer Forensics- by Springer]<br />
 +
*[http://conferenze.dei.polimi.it/ossconf/schedule.php OSSConf 2008]<br />
 +
*[http://books.google.it/books?id=jQVgWaF3pJwC&pg=PT304&lpg=PT304&dq=Andrea+Ghirardini;+Gabriele+Faggioli,+Computer+Forensics+caine&source=bl&ots=mf8-Def6uF&sig=88ydFgTv05M2Q45B4FSvwqhBXKk&hl=it&sa=X&ei=W2voUOD3Lcrk4QSVlIDoDQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAQ Google books]<br />
 +
*[http://www.amazon.com/Virtualization-Forensics-Forensic-Investigators-Environments/dp/1597495573Virtualization and Forensics: A Digital Forensic Investigator's Guide to Virtual Environment]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazin.de/Ausgaben/2010/12/Italienische-Aufklaerung Linux-Mazin.de]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linux-magazine.com/Issues/2011/122/Caine Linux-Magazine.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.opensourceday.org/2012/?mid=20 Opens Source Day 2012]<br />
 +
*[http://searchsecurity.techtarget.it/articoli/0,1254,18_ART_103282,00.html TechTarget.it]<br />
 +
*[http://programmazione.it/index.php?entity=eitem&idItem=41687 Programmazione.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/upload/caine-3.0-review-121009195504.html Linuxtoday.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxtoday.com/infrastructure/2010122801535SCSW Linuxtoday.com 2]<br />
 +
*[http://news.softpedia.com/news/CAINE-3-0-a-Tool-for-Digital-Forensics-297461.shtml Softpedia]<br />
 +
*[http://hackingzones.in/?p=2726 hackingzone.in]<br />
 +
*[http://www.gustavopimentel.com.ar/ gustavopimental.com.ar]<br />
 +
*[http://www.concise-courses.com/security/top-ten-distros/# concise-courses.com]<br />
 +
*[http://www.e-linux.it/news_detail/caine-15 e-linux.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.ilsoftware.it/articoli.asp?tag=CAINE-progetto-italiano-per-la-computer-forensics_5656 ilsoftware.it]<br />
 +
*[http://www.dragonjar.org/distribucion-live-cd-analisis-forense.xhtml dragonjar.org]<br />
 +
*[http://www.nannibassetti.com/dblog/articolo.asp?articolo=156 Attestato Marenostrum V.F.F.]<br />
 +
*[http://www.linuxformat.com/archives?issue=151 LinuxFormat] <br />
 +
*[http://www.techrepublic.com/blog/10things/10-obscure-linux-distributions-and-why-you-should-know-about-them/2334 TechRepublic]<br />
 +
*[http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/CAINE_Live_CD ForensicsWiki]<br />
 +
* [http://www.caine-live.net Sito ufficiale]
 +
* [http://cris.unimore.it/cris/node/54 Sito del CRIS] dedicato a Caine
 +
 
 +
{{Linux}}

Revision as of 06:05, 3 May 2013

CAINE LiveCD
Maintainer: Nanni Bassetti
OS: Linux
Genre: Live CD
License: GPL, others
Website: Caine Live

Caine' (an acronym for Computer Aided Investigative Environment') is a distribution live oriented to Computer Forensics (computer forensics) historically conceived by Giancarlo Giustini, within a project of Digital Forensics Interdepartmental Research Center for Security (CRIS) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia see Official Site. Currently the project is maintained by Nanni Bassetti.

Features

The latest version of Caine is based on the Ubuntu Linux 12.04 LTS, MATE and LightDM. Compared to its original version, the current version has been modified to meet the standards forensic reliability and safety standards laid down by the NIST View the methodologies of Nist.

Caine includes:

  • Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools, many of which are open source;
  • Updated and optimized environment to conduct a forensic analysis;
  • Report generator semi-automatic, by which the investigator has a document easily editable and exportable with a summary of the activities;
  • Adherence to the investigative procedure defined recently by Italian Law 48/2008, Law 48/2008,.

In addition, Caine is the first distribution to include forensic Forensics inside the Caja/Nautilus Scripts and all the patches of security for not to alter the devices in analysis.

The distro uses several patches specifically constructed to make the system "forensic", ie not alter the original device to be tested and / or duplicate:

  • Root file system spoofing: patch that prevents tampering with the source device;
  • No automatic recovery corrupted Journal patch: patch that prevents tampering with the device source, through the recovery of the Journal;
  • Mounter and RBFstab: mounting devices in a simple and via graphical interface.

RBFstab is set to treat EXT3 as a EXT4 noload with the option to avoid automatic recovery of any corrupt Journal of 'EXT3;

  • Swap file off: patch that avoids modifying the file swap in systems with limited memory RAM, avoiding the alteration of the original artifact computer and overwrite data useful for the purposes of investigation.

Caine and Open Source == == Patches and technical solutions are and have been all made in collaboration with people (Professionals, hobbyists, experts, etc..) from all over the world.

CAINE represents fully the spirit of the Open Source philosophy, because the project is completely open, anyone could take the legacy of the previous developer or project manager.

The distro is open source, the Windows side (Nirlauncher/Wintaylor) is open source and, last one but not least important, the distro is installable, so as to give the possibility to rebuild in a new version, in order to give a long life to this project.

Caine Interface

Caine Interface - a user-friendly interface that brings together a number of well-known forensic tools.

Environment updated and optimized for digital investigations.

Report Semi-automatic - the final production of a complete document and easily editable exported by the investigator. Maximum adherence to the Italian investigative procedure.

The first distribution to include forensic inside the Caja Forensics / Nautilus/Caja Scripts and all security patches, not to alter the devices in the analysis.

The basic interface of the distribution called Caine Interface, was performed using the known GTK2-Perl wrapper that implements the Perl language instruction set and commands made available from the Gtk + toolkit.

Caine Interface allows you not only to select the various forensic software, it automatically generates the final report, due to the modules offered by Perl Template Toolkit, and DocBook.

Inside contains the following software.

, Acquisition

  • Grissom Analyzer (mmls, img_stat, fsstat)
  • LRRP
  • AIR
  • Guymager
  • Terminal with saving the output
  • DC3DD
Analysis

Reporting semiautomatic == ==

Every contribution in the form of output and local report for each program involved in an investigation is saved in a report file, easily manageable by the investigator. The generation of the final report is done through the creation of temporary log file, that is to contain the output products for implementing the programs used by the investigator.
The generation process is achieved through the use of Perl, bash scripts, variables Perl Template Toolkit and the DocBook file that acts as a container to the final report.

All set within the Perl program.

The Project Caine == ==

The project was initially inserted into the priorities of the CRIS (Centre for Research Interdepartmental Security) [1]
Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found