Tools:File Analysis

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Image Analysis

SurfRecon LE rapid image analysis tool, by SurfRecon, Inc.
http://www.surfrecon.com

Open Source Tools

file
The file command determines the file type of a given file, depending on its contents and not on e.g. its extension or filename. In order to do that, it uses a magic configuration file that identifies filetypes.
ldd
list dynamic dependencies of executable files
truss
Solaris tool used to trace the system/library calls (not user calls) and signals made/received by a new or existing process. It sends the output to stderr.
http://docs.sun.com/app/docs/doc/819-2239/truss-1?l=en&a=view&q=truss
ltrace
Library call tracer
http://linux.die.net/man/1/ltrace
strace
System Call Tracer
http://sourceforge.net/projects/strace/
xtrace
eXtended trace utility, similar to strace, ptrace, truss, but with extended functionality and unique features, such as dumping function calls (dynamically or statically linked), dumping call stack and more.
http://sourceforge.net/projects/xtrace/
ktrace
Enables kernel process tracing on OpenBSD.
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/man.cgi?query=ktrace&apropos=0&sektion=0&manpath=OpenBSD+Current&arch=i386&format=html
Valgrind
Executes a program under emulation, performing analysis according to one of the many plug-in modules as desired. You can write your own plug-in module as desired.
http://valgrind.org/
DTrace
Comprehensive dynamic tracing framework for Solaris (also ported to MacOS X - XRays and FreeBSD). DTrace provides a powerful infrastructure to permit investigation of the behavior of the operating system and user programs.
http://www.sun.com/bigadmin/content/dtrace/
strings
Strings will print the strings of printable characters in files. It allows choosing different charactersets (ASCII, UNICODE). It is a quick way to browse through files/partitions/... in order to look for words, filenames, keywords etc.
Galleta
Parses cookie files. http://www.foundstone.com/resources/proddesc/galleta.htm
The Open Computer Forensics Architecture
http://ocfa.sourceforge.net/
Pasco
Parses 'index.dat files. http://www.foundstone.com/resources/proddesc/pasco.htm
Rifiuti
Examines the INFO2 file in the Recycle Bin http://www.foundstone.com/resources/proddesc/rifiuti.htm
yim2text
Extracts the 'encrypted' info in yahoo instant messenger log files. http://www.1vs0.com/tools.html
Hachoir
determines the file type using file header/footer (hachoir-metadata --type), able to list strings in Unicode (hachoir-grep), etc. Support more than 60 file formats.
Cygwin
http://www.cygwin.com/
Linux like environment for Windows
UnxUtils
http://unxutils.sourceforge.net/
Common unix utilities compiled for a Windows environment.
GnuWin32
http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/
Common GNU utilities compiled for a Windows Environment.
SUA
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/R2/unixcomponents/webinstall.mspx
Microsoft Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications.

File Sharing Analysis Tools

P2P Marshal
Tools to discover and analyze peer-to-peer files for Windows.

NDA and scoped distribution tools