Difference between pages "Rekall" and "Plaso"

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{{Infobox_Software |
 
{{Infobox_Software |
   name = Rekall |
+
   name = plaso |
   maintainer = [[Michael Cohen]] |
+
   maintainer = [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]], [[Joachim Metz]] |
   os = {{Cross-platform}} |
+
   os = [[Linux]], [[Mac OS X]], [[Windows]] |
   genre = {{Memory analysis}}, {{Memory imaging}} |
+
   genre = {{Analysis}} |
   license = {{GPL}} |
+
   license = {{APL}} |
   website = [https://code.google.com/p/rekall/ code.google.com/p/rekall/] |
+
   website = [https://code.google.com/p/plaso/ code.google.com/p/plaso/] |
 
}}
 
}}
  
Rekall is the stand-alone continuation of the [[Volatility]] Technology Preview (TP) version, aka the scudette branch.
+
Plaso (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines. The goal of log2timeline (and thus plaso) is to provide a single tool that can parse various log files and forensic artifacts from computers and related systems, such as network equipment to produce a single correlated timeline. This timeline can then be easily analysed by forensic investigators/analysts, speeding up investigations by correlating the vast amount of information found on an average computer system. Plaso is intended to be applied for creating super timelines but also supports creating [http://blog.kiddaland.net/2013/02/targeted-timelines-part-i.html targeted timelines].
  
One of Rekalls goals is to provide better integration with [[GRR]] by improved modularity of the framework and having memory acquisition capability.[http://docs.rekall.googlecode.com/git/overview.html#_history]
+
The Plaso project site also provides [[4n6time]], formerly "l2t_Review", which is a cross-platform forensic tool for timeline creation and review by [[David Nides]].
  
== Memory acquisition drivers ==
+
== Supported Formats ==
  
The drivers can be found under:
+
=== Storage Media Image File Formats ===
<pre>
+
Storage Medis Image File Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
rekall/tools/linux
+
rekall/tools/osx
+
rekall/tools/windows
+
</pre>
+
  
=== Linux ===
+
=== Volume System Formats ===
 +
Volume System Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
  
To build the kernel module for the current kernel version, make sure you have a working build environment and the kernel headers installed. Change into this directory and run make:
+
=== File System Formats ===
<pre>
+
File System Format support is provided by [[dfvfs]].
cd rekall/tools/linux/
+
make
+
</pre>
+
  
The acquisition driver is named pmem.ko.
+
=== File formats ===
 +
<b>TODO expand this list</b>
  
To load the driver:
+
* Apple System Log (ASL)
<pre>
+
* Basic Security Module (BSM)
sudo insmod pmem.ko
+
* Bencode files
</pre>
+
* [[Google Chrome|Chrome cache files]]
 +
* [[Extensible Storage Engine (ESE) Database File (EDB) format]] using [[libesedb]]
 +
* [[Internet Explorer History File Format]] (also known as MSIE 4 - 9 Cache Files or index.dat) using [[libmsiecf]]
 +
* Java IDX
 +
* [[OLE Compound File]] using [[libolecf]]
 +
* [[Property list (plist)|Property list (plist) format]] using [[binplist]]
 +
* SQLite databases
 +
* Syslog
 +
* [[Windows Event Log (EVT)]] using [[libevt]]
 +
* [[Windows NT Registry File (REGF)]] using [[libregf]]
 +
* [[LNK|Windows Shortcut File (LNK) format]] using [[liblnk]]
 +
* [[Windows XML Event Log (EVTX)]] using [[libevtx]]
  
To check if the driver is running:
+
=== Bencode file formats ===
<pre>
+
* Transmission
sudo lsmod
+
* uTorrent
</pre>
+
  
The driver create a device file named:
+
=== ESE database file formats ===
<pre>
+
* Internet Explorer WebCache format
/dev/pmem
+
</pre>
+
  
To unload the driver:
+
=== OLE Compound File formats ===
<pre>
+
* Document summary information
sudo rmmod pmem
+
* Summary information (top-level only)
</pre>
+
  
To read acquire the memory just read from the device file. e.g.
+
=== Property list (plist) formats ===
<pre>
+
<b>TODO expand this list</b>
dd if=/dev/pmem of=image.raw
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* Airport
</pre>
+
* Apple Account
 +
* iPod/iPhone
 +
* Install History
 +
* Mac User
 +
* Software Update
 +
* Spotlight
 +
* Spotlight Volume Information
 +
* Timemachine
  
For more information see:
+
=== SQLite database file formats ===
<pre>
+
* Android call logs
rekall/tools/linux/README
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* Android SMS
</pre>
+
* Chrome cookies
 +
* Chrome browsing and downloads history
 +
* Firefox browsing and downloads history
 +
* Google Drive
 +
* Launch services quarantine events
 +
* MacKeeper
 +
* Mac OS X document versions
 +
* Skype
 +
* Zeitgeist activity
  
=== Mac OS X ===
+
=== Windows Registry formats ===
 +
<b>TODO expand this list</b>
 +
* AppCompatCache
 +
* CCleaner
 +
* MountPoints2
 +
* MSIE Zone
 +
* MSIE Zone Software
  
For more information see:
+
== History ==
<pre>
+
Plaso is a Python-based rewrite of the Perl-based [[log2timeline]] initially created by [[Kristinn Gudjonsson]]. Plaso builds upon the [[SleuthKit]], [[libyal]], [[dfvfs]] and various other projects.
rekall/tools/osx/OSXPMem/README
+
</pre>
+
 
+
=== Windows ===
+
Since recent versions of Windows require a signed driver rekall comes with both pre-built (signed binary) and source versions of the driver.
+
 
+
Both the i386 and amd64 binary version of the driver can be found in the directory:
+
<pre>
+
rekall/tools/windows/winpmem/binaries
+
</pre>
+
 
+
E.g.
+
<pre>
+
rekall/tools/winpmem/binaries/amd64/winpmem.sys
+
</pre>
+
 
+
A standalone tool for imaging memory that uses an embedded copy of the pmem driver can be found as winpmem.exe in:
+
<pre>
+
rekall/tools/winpmem/executables/Release/
+
</pre>
+
 
+
To load the driver:
+
<pre>
+
winpmem.exe -l
+
</pre>
+
 
+
The device filename is (This can not be changed without recompiling):
+
<pre>
+
\\.\pmem
+
</pre>
+
 
+
Note that running dd directly on this device file can crash the machine.
+
Use the winpmem.exe tool instead because it handles protected memory regions.
+
 
+
To read and acquire the physical memory and write it to image.raw:
+
<pre>
+
winpmem.exe image.raw
+
</pre>
+
 
+
To unload the driver:
+
<pre>
+
winpmem.exe -u
+
</pre>
+
 
+
For more information see:
+
<pre>
+
rekall/tools/windows/README
+
</pre>
+
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
* [[Volatility]]
+
* [[dfvfs]]
 +
* [[log2timeline]]
  
 
== External Links ==
 
== External Links ==
* [https://code.google.com/p/rekall/ Project site]
+
* [https://code.google.com/p/plaso/ Project site]
* [http://docs.rekall.googlecode.com/git/index.html Project documentation]
+
* [https://sites.google.com/a/kiddaland.net/plaso/home Project documentation]
* [http://rekall-forensic.blogspot.com/ Rekall Memory Forensics blog]
+
* [http://blog.kiddaland.net/ Project blog]
 +
* [https://sites.google.com/a/kiddaland.net/plaso/usage/4n6time 4n6time]

Revision as of 02:39, 3 June 2014

plaso
Maintainer: Kristinn Gudjonsson, Joachim Metz
OS: Linux, Mac OS X, Windows
Genre: Analysis
License: APL
Website: code.google.com/p/plaso/

Plaso (plaso langar að safna öllu) is the Python based back-end engine used by tools such as log2timeline for automatic creation of a super timelines. The goal of log2timeline (and thus plaso) is to provide a single tool that can parse various log files and forensic artifacts from computers and related systems, such as network equipment to produce a single correlated timeline. This timeline can then be easily analysed by forensic investigators/analysts, speeding up investigations by correlating the vast amount of information found on an average computer system. Plaso is intended to be applied for creating super timelines but also supports creating targeted timelines.

The Plaso project site also provides 4n6time, formerly "l2t_Review", which is a cross-platform forensic tool for timeline creation and review by David Nides.

Supported Formats

Storage Media Image File Formats

Storage Medis Image File Format support is provided by dfvfs.

Volume System Formats

Volume System Format support is provided by dfvfs.

File System Formats

File System Format support is provided by dfvfs.

File formats

TODO expand this list

Bencode file formats

  • Transmission
  • uTorrent

ESE database file formats

  • Internet Explorer WebCache format

OLE Compound File formats

  • Document summary information
  • Summary information (top-level only)

Property list (plist) formats

TODO expand this list

  • Airport
  • Apple Account
  • iPod/iPhone
  • Install History
  • Mac User
  • Software Update
  • Spotlight
  • Spotlight Volume Information
  • Timemachine

SQLite database file formats

  • Android call logs
  • Android SMS
  • Chrome cookies
  • Chrome browsing and downloads history
  • Firefox browsing and downloads history
  • Google Drive
  • Launch services quarantine events
  • MacKeeper
  • Mac OS X document versions
  • Skype
  • Zeitgeist activity

Windows Registry formats

TODO expand this list

  • AppCompatCache
  • CCleaner
  • MountPoints2
  • MSIE Zone
  • MSIE Zone Software

History

Plaso is a Python-based rewrite of the Perl-based log2timeline initially created by Kristinn Gudjonsson. Plaso builds upon the SleuthKit, libyal, dfvfs and various other projects.

See Also

External Links