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- 1 Features
- 2 Forensics
- 3 Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives
- 4 %SystemRoot%
- 5 External Links
- Basic and Dynamic Disks, see: 
Introduced in Windows NT
Introduced in Windows 2000
Introduced in Windows XP
- Windows Firewall
Introduced in Windows 2003 (Server)
- Volume Shadow Copies
Introduced in Windows Vista
- Search integrated in operating system
- Transactional NTFS (TxF)
- Transactional Registry (TxR)
- Shadow Volumes; the volume-based storage of the Volume Shadow Copy data
- User Account Control (UAC)
Introduced in Windows 2008 (Server)
Introduced in Windows 7
Introduced in Windows 8
Default partition layout, first partition starts:
- at sector 63 in Windows 2000, XP, 2003
- at sector 2048 in Windows Vista, 2008, 7
Used by Windows 2000, XP. Uses INFO2 file.
Used by Windows Vista. Uses $I and $R files.
See also: Vista thumbcache.
The Web Browser History files can contain significant information. The default web browser that comes with Windows is Microsoft Internet Explorer but other common browsers on Windows are Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Opera.
Setup log files (setupapi.log)
Windows Vista introduced several setup log files .
After (at least) Windows 7 recovers from sleep/hibernation there often is a system time change event (event id 1) in the event logs.
Windows stores a users Security identifiers (SIDs) under the following registry key:
The %SID%\ProfileImagePath value should also contain the username.
Advanced Format (4KB Sector) Hard Drives
Windows XP does not natively handle drives that use the new standard of 4KB sectors. For information on this, see Advanced Format.
The actual value of %SystemRoot% is store in the following registry value:
Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ Value: SystemRoot
- Wikipedia: Microsoft Windows
- How Windows Starts Up (Part the second)
- Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Vista setup log file locations
- The Forensic Analysis of the Microsoft Windows Vista Recycle Bin, by Mitchell Machor, 2008
Application Compatibility Database
- MSDN: Application Compatibility Database, by Microsoft
- Technet: Understanding Shims, by Microsoft
- Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 1, by Alex Ionescu, May 20, 2007
- Secrets of the Application Compatilibity Database (SDB) – Part 2, by Alex Ionescu, May 21, 2007
- Leveraging the Application Compatibility Cache in Forensic Investigations, by Andrew Davis, May 4, 2012