From ForensicsWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Information icon.png

Please help to improve this article by expanding it.
Further information might be found on the discussion page.

SeqBox (SBX) is a single file container/archive that can be reconstructed even after total loss of file system structures.

An SBX container is composed of a collections of blocks with size sub/equal to that of a sector, so they can survive any level of fragmentation. Each block have a minimal header that include a unique file identifier, block sequence number, checksum, version. Additional, non critical info/metadata are contained in block 0 (like name, file size, crypto-hash, other attributes, etc.).

If disaster strikes, recovery can be performed simply scanning a volume/image, reading sector sized slices and checking blocks signatures and then CRCs to detect valid SBX blocks. Then the blocks can be grouped by UIDs, sorted by sequence number and reassembled to form the original SeqBox containers.

Tech spec

Byte order: Big Endian

Common blocks header

pos to pos size desc
0 2 3 Recoverable Block signature = ‘SBx’
3 3 1 Version byte (1)
4 5 2 CRC-16-CCITT of the rest of the block (Version is used as starting value)
6 11 6 file UID
12 15 4 Block sequence number

Block 0

pos to pos size desc
16 n var encoded metadata
n+1 blockend var padding (0x1a)

Blocks > 0 & < last:

pos to pos size desc
16 blockend var data

Blocks == last:

pos to pos size desc
16 n var data
n+1 blockend var padding (0x1a)

Metadata encoding:

Bytes Field
3 ID
1 Len
n Data


ID Desc
FNM filename (utf-8)
SNM sbx filename (utf-8)
FSZ filesize (8 bytes)
HSH crypto hash (SHA256, using Multihash protocol)

External Links