Logfile Analysis

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Log files are used to maintain a record of activities, e.g. activities of the operating system, certain applications, etc.

Log files come in various formats, in general these formats can be divided in the following categories:

  • Binary formats
  • Text-based formats
  • in-database

Contents

Binary formats

Text-based formats

Tools

Windows

Log Parser 2.2
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=890cd06b-abf8-4c25-91b2-f8d975cf8c07&displaylang=en
From Microsoft, claims to parse a variety of log files, including XML and CSV, as well as Windows Event Log, Registry, and Active Directory
Also see: Microsoft Log Parser Toolkit, by Gabriele Giuseppini, Mark Burnett, ISBN: 1-93226-652-6

Web Logfile Analytics

Web logfile analytics software can process a log file and print a report. Normally this software is used by organizations that host the website. It can also be used for analysis of webserver logfiles.

Analog
http://www.analog.cx/
Claims to be "the most popular logfile analyser in the world"
Webalizer
http://www.mrunix.net/webalizer/
"A fast, free web server log file analysis program"
phpMyVisites
http://www.phpmyvisites.us/
New "clicks heatmap" shows where people are clicking on your website; depends on JavaScript. (on the other hand, doesn't need access to your logfiles)
AWStats
http://awstats.sourceforge.net/
"Free powerful and featureful tool that generates advanced web, streaming, ftp or mail server statistics, graphically."
JasperReports
http://jasperforge.org/sf/projects/jasperreports
Java reporting tool.
Open Web Analytics
http://wiki.openwebanalytics.com/index.php?title=Main_Page
"An open source web analytics framework written in PHP."
Breadboard BI Web Analytics
http://sourceforge.net/projects/web-analytics/
"Uses open source tools to collect and distribute web analytics data."